The fast moving problem is when one or two foot-tall trees blow over into the cornfield in August. Guildford High Street When: Twenty-five years ago, Andrew and Anne Turner-Cross got the bakery going again, in the original Slindon village bake house, and the company has developed rapidly ever since. Read more in this week's print or e-editions. MIRAVIS has excellent surface tension, rapid absorption and great dispersibility in plants, which can provide efficient and long-term protection under different conditions.
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On offer you will find free range ducks, ducks with garlic butter, free range chickens, turkey sausages, turkey and garlic sausages, and even turkey curry. Consider all costs when you update your budget. Rush will host a variety of esports events, activities and tournaments together in one place and will showcase the very best that local esports has to offer. In southwest Kansas, Dodge City has received only. But at the same time, farmers have said for years that the U. Because your crops will canopy later in the season, weeds such as waterhemp could be more aggressive. Neil, the man behind Pepperpot Nursery, has over 30 years experience in the horticulture industry.
The essential oils from the harvested flowers are distilled and turned into a range of products, from oils and fragrance kits through to bath and body lotions. For those who just want the flowers, bunches of dried lavender are also available. The farm is open daily from 1st June to 31st August and visitors can purchase items at the stall, at the farm, or online. The stall offers a variety of potted plants, from damp-loving garden ferns through to brightly coloured cyclamen for the kitchen window sill.
The plants are in top condition, and the stall holders are not only highly experienced and knowledgeable but also more than happy to share their experience and offer advice on plants and planting.
If you require plants before the monthly market day, visit the online side of their business supplying Peonies and Heuchera via their main website. Meadow View Nursery also supply plants, shrubs and trees to commercial and amenity projects, so they can help even if you need to create an entire garden from scratch. Oakleaf is the only charity in Surrey to provide vocational training and support for people suffering from mental health issues.
Their stall offers information about the charity and their activities, and demonstrations of furniture upholstering, one of the vocational skills they provide. They also have a small range of items for sale including cards, fridge magnets, needle cases and notebooks. If you have items that require reupholstering, Oakleaf can undertake the work to professional standards at highly competitive rates.
Just ask for information. Jeremy offers an impressive array of freshly prepared olives in an equally impressive assortment of marinades of his own creation.
Everything is sold in eco-friendly compostable pots, either large or small, according to your needs. According to Jeremy, his olives have found favour with a number of well known celebrity customers, as well as being popular at several local markets.
The Stovold family have been farming in West Surrey for well over years, and run a highly respected farm with one of the most renowned beef herds in the UK. In addition to their Aberdeen Angus beef, they also farm rare-breed Saddleback pork and Surrey Hills lamb and mutton. The farm has won awards for the conservation work it has undertaken, has been recognised for its high environmental and animal welfare standards. Consequently, their meat is guaranteed to be free-range, free from GM, hormones, growth promoters and antibiotics.
Their beef is reckoned to be amongst the best available, part of that quality coming from the high standards of butchery insisted upon by the company. Beef is subjected to long-term hanging, and the butchery is carried out by a Q Guild butcher, one of only in the country.
Neil, the man behind Pepperpot Nursery, has over 30 years experience in the horticulture industry. He established the Pepperpot Nursery in to supply quality herb plants to garden centres throughout the South East. Named after the Pepperpot building in Godalming, where the business began, the herbs are still grown locally, although the nursery is actually on a green field site in Tilford, close to Farnham.
The range of herbs on offer may vary throughout the year simply because they are grown here, under local conditions. A huge advantage of this is that their potted herbs can be planted directly into your herb garden, as they are used to the Guildford climate.
Of course, if you prefer, the plants can be kept on a windowsill in the kitchen, but remember to turn them frequently so they get even exposure to the light. Perry Court Farm, situated in the Kentish Stour Valley, has been in the same family for three generations.
The farm produces in excess of different crops, using a mix of traditional farming skills and modern technology to make the process as environmentally friendly as possible. Among their crops are many varieties of apples and pears; their stall carries a good representative selection of them. Their own fruit-based products, including bottled apple juice and air-dried fruit crisps are also available, as are hazel nuts when in season.
In addition to the fruit, the stall sells a good range of vegetables, including potatoes, sweet corn , assorted greens and fresh herbs. The couple behind the stall, Gill and Kevin, offer fish and shellfish that are either fresh off the Salcombe day boats, or have been freshly cooked for you. Alongside the sea fish, the stall offers clam muscles, oysters, lobsters and crabs. They grow over thirty varieties of apple alone, from which they produce their own bottled juice.
There are also mixed fruit juices such as Apple and Elderflower and Apple with Plum and the slightly more unusual combinations of Apple with Mango and Apple with Rhubarb. Additionally, the stall offers bottled cider, fresh apples to eat and large bags of apples as the main ingredient of your own homemade juices.
Selling memberships, their own magazines and a limited range of RSPB merchandise. Oates, of South Pole fame. The pottery produces hand-thrown and turned stoneware products, that are hand decorated in rich cobalt blue and copper red glazes.
Everything is done by hand, from throwing pots to mixing the glazes, each process is based on traditional skills that take years to learn, and even longer to master. The wares displayed in this stand, whether they are vases, teapots or plates were all hand thrown by experts, without the use of moulds, premixed glazes or stick-on transfer patterns.
Consequently, although items in the same range look similar, no two are ever identical; each is a unique item. The stall carries a good range of their products, including cream jugs, tea pots, bowls, lamp bases, mugs, vases and plates. In terms of being well-established, Slindon Bakery has no problems, with records dating back to the mid sixteenth century, although there are a few gaps in the records.
Twenty-five years ago, Andrew and Anne Turner-Cross got the bakery going again, in the original Slindon village bake house, and the company has developed rapidly ever since. The stall offers varieties of bread and rolls that range from the common, such as small granary and a large white farmhouse, through to the exotic, including olive ciabatta, walnut loaf and Roman spelt.
Additionally, there are assorted buns and scones from which to choose. The stall centre-piece is an impressive sheaf of wheat, complete with mice, made entirely from bread dough. Stratta is a husband and wife team, producing fine fruit vinegars, oils and preserves from their home in East Sussex.
Mary founded the company in and did so well that John joined the business a year later to help cope with the high demand for their products. Instead, Stratta offer exotic vinegars with a white vinegar base. They soak soft fruits or aromatic flowers in a white vinegar base until the full flavours and colours are extracted, the liquid is filtered, sweetened with natural cane sugar, and then bottled at high temperature to ensure that it has a good shelf life.
Among their exotic vinegars are raspberry, lavender, rich fig, garlic, elderflower, mint, gooseberry and cherry flavours, and more are being added all the time.
In all, there are at least thirty different flavours to try! In addition to the vinegars thy produce a dozen different infused olive oils and an eclectic range of preserves including spiced Sussex pears, and sea-salt preserved lemons. Sussex Gold grow rape on their own farm in the Weald of Sussex, and began producing the finest quality rapeseed oil in July Unlike some companies that deal only with part of the process, Sussex Gold handle the entire process from planting the rape, through harvesting , cold pressing the seeds and bottling the extracted oils.
Their extra-virgin rapeseed oil contains half the saturated fats of olive oil, is a source of natural vitamin E and contains no artificial preservatives. In addition to the pure oil, they also sell a range of oil-based products including sauces, dressings and mayonnaise, and flavoured oils such as their distinctive oak-smoked, chilli, rosemary and thyme rapeseed oils.
The Sussex Smokers stall, run by Julia and Vincent, sells smoke-preserved meats. There are sausages with exotic ingredients such as wild boar with cider and mace, burgers with venison and onion, sea foods such as smoked kippers, mussels and eels, smoked birds including duck, grouse, pheasant and partridge and a huge list of other products ranging from venison haunch steaks through to streaky bacon.
There are samples available so you can test the more exotic products before you buy, and both Julia and Vincent are more than willing to talk you through their products, the smoking process and answer any questions about their products. In addition to a good variety of different dried and smoked garlic bulbs, the Garlic Farm also produce seed garlic for home planting, garlic flavoured rapeseed and olive oils, garlic puree, sauces, garlic cheese, even garlic flavoured pork scratching and biltong.
Not only can buy anything from a single garlic bulb through to an entire presentation pack of them, you can also specify the variety of garlic you prefer. Put simply, they sell tomatoes grown on their farm, located on the Isle of Wight. There are the well-known varieties such as Beef and classic large vine tomatoes, but they sit alongside less well known beautifully striped and aptly named Red and Green Tiger varieties. There are round ones, including Golden Cocktail, long tubular ones such as San Manzano, and even pumpkin shape Marmonde tomatoes.
The colours vary almost as widely, with traditional reds and oranges, through yellows, variegated green, stripes of red and green, and even the occasional chocolate brown fruits in amongst the others.
Tigerspring Tea is an independent, family run business, that specialises in loose tea and tea-drinking paraphernalia, such as tea pots, strainers, books and tea tins.
They are also one of the few places where you can buy a replacement teapot handle! You can buy their tea loose, selecting from a range of over thirty varieties of White, Green, Oolong, Black, Redbush and Flowering teas.
They also sell special blends and herbal infusions. As part of their efforts to be kind to the planet they welcome customers who bring back their old tea packaging for re-use, and those who bring their own containers, which they will fill with the quantity of tea you require. If you miss the stall, you can also order their teas online via their website. Their mission is to fight poverty through trading in a way that helps people in developing countries; that means that their products were bought fairly, and that their profits go back into the project.
The profits from the Guildford stall help towards the construction and maintenance of a school in Uganda. Their grapes are sourced from vineyards across Surrey, Hampshire, Kent and Wiltshire. In addition to their wines, they also produce a limited amount of Kentish cider the bottles have a distinctive coiled up blue serpent on the label and an range of Vodka liqueurs that include raspberry, plum, peach, lemon and blackcurrant varieties. Whilst the wines are available in standard bottles, the vodka liqueurs come in 50ml and larger ml bottles.
Cider comes in somewhat larger portions; ml bottles and two pint take-away cartons. If you are a fan of ginger, and ginger drinks in particular, then this is the stall you need to visit. Today the entire process of production and bottling is all handled by Wrights, working from their base in Oxted, Surrey.
Guildford High Street When: Biltong Demon Biltong is naturally preserved meat, in this case slices of finest silverside from locally reared New Forest beef. Celtic Bakers Although Celtic Bakers are based in an old factory in London, that is the extent of their association with mass production.
Collaroy Farm The Collaroy Farm stall specialises in fresh eggs straight from the farm. Country Markets Country Markets sell an impressive range of homemade preserves, flowers, baked goods, craft items and fruit and vegetables. Craft Romania This large stall specialises in environmentally sustainable willow basketry , weaving, and wood-based crafts from the Transylvanian region of Romania. FA Secrett Better known simply as Secretts, this company have been growing quality vegetables and salad in Surrey since Facing Heaven Food Co.
Fired Creations Angela Jenkinson is the woman behind Fired Creations, producers of hand-crafted dichroic and art glass jewellery and accessories. Fox Earth Tree Services Fox Earth provide services relating to all aspects of tree management, from planting to felling.
Fruity Foods Gary Hill launched Fruity Foods in , making conserves from locally sourced ingredients.
Guildford Borough Council This stall offers free advice on energy saving at home. I spent Monday March 12 looking at wheat around Stillwater and found no foliar diseases. He indicated wheat is short and drought stressed with flag leaves emerging in some wheat even though it is only about 4 inches tall. He also indicated he had heard of some spraying being done for aphids — both for bird cherry—oat and greenbug.
At this point, it appears there is not much rust inoculum building up to the south of us in Texas. On March 9, Dr. Here is his report. I did not observe stripe rust in any other sentinel plots. I was unable to go through the entire variety trial at the time, but there were no obvious signs of a stripe rust epidemic. Leaf rust was found on these varieties as well, but in trace amounts.
Overall, leaf rust is much lower this time of year compared to the past two years due to cold temperatures we experienced this winter. Powdery mildew is very common due to cloudy, damp weather the past month and dense canopies. We will follow these fields as the season progresses to see how the incidence of these viruses in these fields relates to the virus testing.
The national winner is chosen from three regional winners. The program is designed to recognize outstanding environmental and conservation achievements of soybean farmers, which help to produce more sustainable U. He and three other farmers documented the feed value of the biomass produced by cover crops. Located in the Elk Run watershed, a tributary to the Raccoon River, the area is a source of concern about nitrates. As part of a demonstration project directed by the Iowa Soybean Association in cooperation with partner organizations, Schleisman installed edge-of-field practices designed to significantly cut nitrate contribution to the Raccoon River.
One of these practices is a saturated buffer. It stores water under field buffers by diverting tile water into shallow laterals that raise the water table within the buffer, thus slowing outflow. The other edge-of-field treatment process is a bioreactor. It consists of a buried pit filled with a carbon source wood chips through which tile water is diverted.
The carbon provides a food source for microorganisms; they use nitrate to metabolize the carbon, converting the nitrate to harmless atmospheric nitrogen gas. There are many more innovative and sustainable practices that Schleisman and other recipients of the Conservation Legacy Awards are putting into action on their farms today. This provides insight into possible mechanisms for these natural antibodies in general disease resistance.
Selection of chickens with increased disease resistance is one step closer to practice and ultimately can result in reduced antibiotic use and animals with improved well-being, WUR said.
In poultry housing systems, birds frequently come in contact with each other. A possible pathogen, once present in a house, can spread relatively easily among the flock. For a decade already, the poultry industry has requested robust birds with good resistance to diseases. One possibility for achieving such a robust chicken is to breed animals with an increased disease resistance, WUR said. Animals have natural antibodies that are part of the immune system.
Natural antibodies recognize pathogens in healthy animals without previous exposure to that pathogen. They block and prevent further spread of pathogens but also warn and activate other parts of the immune system, WUR explained. Earlier studies showed promising results, finding that natural antibody levels are heritable and can, therefore, be altered by breeding, the researchers said. Also, higher natural antibody levels were associated with a increased survival rates. WUR researchers put this to the test and selected layer chickens for high or low natural antibody levels for two generations.
The layer hens in the second generation were vaccinated with one of three different vaccines. According to WUR, this study offers hope for the possibility of breeding chickens with higher natural antibody levels to improve general disease resistance, especially towards bacteria.
The last thing you want to think about this time of year is replanting. The unfortunate reality is some farmers will face the possibility due to a host of causes.
Doing this will set up new stands for greater success. Determine the extent of replant and if terminating the original crop is necessary. Soybeans can compensate by bushing out and putting on more pods. This causes the smaller plants to underperform and steal yield potential from the larger plants. Consider tillage or herbicides to destroy old corn stands. Consider the trait stack you used as its herbicide tolerances could limit your options for terminating the original stand.
Carefully read herbicide labels to make sure you can replant in a timely manner after any restrictions.
Figure out if you can plant the same seed, if you need to shorten maturity or if you need to switch crops altogether. For this decision, timing is everything. Soybeans rely on length of day and again are flexible and responsive when replanted. In some cases, you might need to shorten maturity, but not by more than five days. Consider all costs when you update your budget. Some replant costs are obvious: Because your crops will canopy later in the season, weeds such as waterhemp could be more aggressive.
This could mean you need to apply an extra herbicide pass. You might need additional or new insecticides, too. Use this information and work with your input suppliers to make any replant areas yield as high as possible while keeping an eye on added costs.
Drones, or UAVs, have gone from being cool to being a tool for ag retailers and crop consultants. The pursuit of that goal ultimately attracted him to UAVs. Eller liked that using a UAV gave him the control to fly whenever the conditions were right. Since the Part rule from the Federal Aviation Administration went into effect in August , more than 60, people have obtained a remote pilot certificate.
More than 80, individual UAVs have been registered for commercial and government purposes. As the commercial use of UAVs grows, crop consultants and retail agronomists are increasingly using the tools to help farmers make agronomic decisions based on data. In addition to helping growers increase yields and profits, ag users are realizing drone ROI in two ways.
Results from drones help them sell more of their products and services, and drones are enabling more sales of precision ag services. Now Is The Time. AeroVironment has been in the UAV business for 40 years, and it has logged more than a million hours of flight time for the U. Teeter-Balin says the Quantix system can cover acres in 45 minutes. In line with the capacity of acres flown, the timeliness in reviewing data has improved.
Eller agrees and sees value as he layers data—starting with soils maps. The drone gives me a fuller picture, which makes for a condensed scouting map. NDVI can catch stress 10 to 14 days before our eyes can see it.
I know scouting is making my growers money. Eller is encouraged by the future applications of UAV imagery. In the coming year, he is looking at how UAV flight imagery can help refine nitrogen management.
He wants to push that correlation even three months earlier. If you drive around the most fertile counties in central Illinois, you may notice something peculiar: You will also find deep narrow ditches, mowed field edges, and very few trees. However, drive around Missouri, Indiana, or southern Illinois, and you will see many old fences and fencerows.
Over time, I have come to view ancient fences as a menace. To me, they mean 20, 30, or perhaps 50 feet of nontillable space around the field edges. Oak trees grow limbs 30 feet straight out and drop acorns, which turn into more oak trees growing more limbs.
Those are the slow moving problems. The fast moving problem is when one or two foot-tall trees blow over into the cornfield in August. Someone has some hard work to do, dangerous work. Besides harboring trees, fencerows harbor some other threats. Fences installed years ago 25 feet from the actual property line cause modern day border disputes, which can cost thousands in surveying fees, legal fees, and building deconstruction.
Furthermore, a lone strand of old barbed wire can injure or even kill someone on an ATV. Deteriorating posts and wire leave you with the decision to repair, replace, or remove the fence, and all of those options cost money and time.
So what to do with the old fencerows? One option is to manage them the way those prime soil farmers do — elimination. If you're using an old fence simply as a boundary marker, a few 10 foot PVC posts work a lot more efficiently. They are easy to see and easy to trim or spray around. Clearly you need a good fence if you have animals. One day I rolled up to find my neighbor standing with her goat herd in my field. I am suggesting that if you want to keep the fences in place, then maintain them properly.
Dozer work is expensive these days, and so is replacing the entire fencing system. So how much does new fencing cost? And the labor to drill hundreds of post holes or drive hundreds of T-posts is punitive. Probably over hours. Think of the production to be gained by eliminating or properly maintaining a fence: Plus, those big oak trees in the fencerow are blocking the sun from several rows of corn while their roots are sucking water from plus feet away.
With some effort, your existing yields next to the fencerows could be doubled. A foot perimeter 6, feet long gives you 4. If you gain 60 extra bushels on that 4. That assumes they survive winter, says Jim Hoorman, Northeast regional soil health specialist for the Natural Resources Conservation Service. It should greatly reduce vole and slug populations. For voles, drilling large-seeded cover crops deeper than 2 inches reduces their ability to smell the seed. Most damage in the spring occurs when the soil is too wet.
They both like emerging cotyledons or lush growing vegetation. If possible, delay planting until the soil dries out. International trade was a primary topic of discussion at this year? Everyone from panelists to the governor to USDA undersecretary Greg Ibach highlighted the importance of international trade to agriculture in Nebraska. Former Nebraska ag director Ibach said Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue knows the importance of trade to the farm economy.
But at the same time, farmers have said for years that the U. Read more in this week's print or e-editions. Farmers in Minnesota could have more challenges when applying nitrogen, if a proposed rule becomes law. The Minnesota Department of Agriculture MDA is proposing the Nitrogen Fertilizer rule to minimize sources of nitrate pollution and expects adoption by the end of this year.
MDA held a public comment period this past year which are currently under review. There are two areas in which farmers can expect change: As an Oklahoma Panhandle farmer, Jerod McDaniel almost every year plans for dry weather and hopes for rain. Wheat -- usually topdressed in February -- and spring-planted crops could see less fertilizer applied as farmers decide if it is worth investing in crops that could produce considerably smaller yields.
In southwest Kansas, Dodge City has received only. Further to the south in Texas, Feb. Records for the region go back to , Anderson said. Also in Texas, Feb. This is only seven days off the day NWS record for that city. Anderson said the forecast is not favorable for ending this dry pattern anytime soon.
The amount of topdressing wheat sees could be slim to none over a large area of the Southern Plains unless things change rapidly, he said.
Farmers who have locked in fertilizer already for topdressing wheat have some options if they choose not to topdress, according to Parks.
Some retailers will allow you to roll chemicals to a different time, he said. Other options include buying out the contract from the retailer or even selling the purchased fertilizer to another farmer who still needs it.
Parks said the region's farmers can still grow "a lot" of wheat without fertilizing the crop. The question is whether it makes 10 or 70 bushels per acre; that is yet to be seen, he added. As for his own wheat acres, Parks said he would guess he will not topdress a single acre. That could change, however, if wheat prices rise another 50 to 75 cents or maybe a moisture event would happen.
However, he doubts either of those will actually occur, he said. Further to the south in the Oklahoma Panhandle, McDaniel believes his wheat crop is not in very good shape. He estimates it has been about days since his home area has seen significant moisture. His wheat will break dormancy fairly soon, perhaps as soon as 10 to 12 days from now. He applied fertilizer after he planted in the fall and, after some growth, ran his cattle on the crop before it entered dormancy. Like Parks, McDaniel probably will not topdress his wheat unless moisture arrives.
Economically, it just doesn't make sense to apply fertilizer, considering the low price of winter wheat, he said. Farmers with irrigation may have to run the pivot to moisten the topsoil when fertilizer is applied. Parks said fertilizer plans for most Southern Plains irrigated acres will most likely remain the same. Dryland acres, however, could see a pullback on fertilizer applications if the dry conditions remain through the spring. McDaniels believes the yield potential for these crops is greater and thus farmers will continue to fertilize these crops for higher yields.
On his own operation, he has shifted the majority of acres to corn and milo and away from wheat in recent years. Because of this, more residues remain and they seem to carry various wheat diseases. This is another reason for planting less wheat, he said. Increased competition from various weeds in recent years has led him back to some tillage, mainly in the form of strip till.
This has allowed him to apply some different types of fertilizer that need to be incorporated, he said. Across the Corn Belt, rain showers are pushing eastward across the lower Missouri Valley and the middle Mississippi Valley.
Meanwhile, cold, dry weather prevails across the northern and eastern Corn Belt. On the Plains, a low-pressure system is centered near the Kansas-Nebraska border. North of the storm? In contrast, warm, dry, windy weather on the southern High Plains is further increasing stress on rangeland, pastures, and winter grains, and maintaining an elevated to critical risk of wildfires.
A pair of storms will continue to traverse the nation from west to east. The first storm, currently over the central Plains, will reach the Mid-Atlantic coast on Saturday. The second system will cross the Plains early next week and should reach the Atlantic Seaboard by the middle of next week. Both storms will be responsible for widespread precipitation, which could total 1 to 3 inches in the Southeast.
Significant snow may occur in parts of the West, as well as portions of the northern Plains, Midwest, and Northeast. Continue reading An active pattern to continue at Brownfield Ag News. Direct cash cattle trade has been relatively quiet this morning.? There have been a few cleanup deals reported in parts of the South.? Packer inquiry in the North indicates trade volume still looks a little short for the week.? Look for more business in Nebraska and Iowa before the week is complete.?
Continue reading Midday cash livestock markets at Brownfield Ag News. The poultry sector shares concerns with other U. Steve Olson is executive director of the Midwest Poultry Federation. When you look at the broiler sector, about 20 percent of broiler production in the United States is exported to foreign markets.?
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Annual Italian Ryegrass, The Cover Crop An early spring burndown is also critical for no-tillers taking out cover crops in advance of planting, adds Johnson.
In fact, some of the best dating sites out there have free membership option. Also in Texas, Feb. Continue reading More must be done before Bayer, Monsanto merger is approved?
Eller is encouraged by the future applications of UAV imagery. Drones, or UAVs, have gone from being cool to being a tool for ag retailers and crop consultants. The raw materials used in their products are grown in an environmentally sound and sustainable young farmers dating website, and the willow and corn used for basket work is produced in the villagers local area. The range of herbs on offer may vary speed dating kilkenny ireland the year simply because they are grown here, under local conditions. Across the Corn Belt, rain showers are pushing eastward across the lower Missouri Valley and the middle Mississippi Valley. The last thing you want to think about this young farmers dating website of year is replanting. Or, they may work as a sort of dating social media, where people can free contact anyone in the system.
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