Online Biology Dictionary U-Z

Q: Why does iron kill stars?

uranium-lead dating formula

Consequently, he does not recognize the wide diversity of geologic terranes that came and went over that enormous time span. So, does traditional science leap at the chance to correct arbitrary age-fixing of antiquities now proved wrong? Magnetic pole reversals, or even axis shifts, may have accompanied or helped cause submergence.

Medical Suffixes ©

The energy of all that falling material drives the fusion rate of the remaining lighter elements way, way, way up supernovas are super for a reason , and also helps power the creation of the elements that make our lives that much more interesting: Brawley, John, , "Evolution's Tiny Violences: Strange writing was carved on the columns and nearby, sonar detected strange lumps on the otherwise level bottom, indicative of possible building ruins. That the mountains were raised in recent times is further proven by sites like Tiahuanaco in Peru, built in 14, BC at sea level, now at an elevation of 13, ft. He is unable to demonstrate that concentric haloes in mica are caused uniquely by alpha particles resulting from the decay of polonium isotopes. The bones of which the spinal column is composed. This Temple was in what is now the Gobi Desert then fertile and temperate , the buried ruins of Kara Khota , legendary "City of Gold," excavated partially by Russian archaeologist Peter Kozlov in due west of Ulan Bator, capital of Mongolia.

Various combinations had been tried by experts: Chrome steel was fair; vanadium was disappointing and expensive. The Colonel found that only by using small proportions of each of the elements in such relations that if you increased or diminished the nickel-content you must correspondingly adjust all the others, could you produce the steel.

The mathematical combinations were infinitesimal. Then, he processed the alloy at a higher temperature than ever before tried in the trade, with certain ingredients added last. Churchward was ridiculed, then cheated out of his government contract while another steel company or more infringed his patent and sold his steel, highly diluted, to the War and Navy departments for double!

Then, he was dragged through court procedures and made to prove he was expert enough to have invented NCV Steel , and describe the steps mandatory in establishing grounds for a patent. Could he reveal his primary source for his knowledge? The Rishi had shown him ancient Hindu holy writings describing early metallurgy, where extreme heat temperatures were used in metal allay melts! The contained secret formulas now lost to the ages, like that of the sacred pillar in New Delhi, composed of an iron that never rusted!

Could he explain his psychic intuition that led him to the ultimate recipe? He could have told them,. Modern traditional scientists have long abandoned this paradigm if they ever followed it , insisting on step-by-step progress and duplicatible results. Psychic hunches are not welcome in the lab. Despite years of struggle by P. The brouhaha had brought names like U. Morgan, and a Krupp Munitions rep to the courtroom, and P. The word was out: NCV was taboo, as politics, finance and the "Steel Juggernaut" closed ranks.

But the Colonel had over a quarter million equivalent to about 28 million millennium bucks , and by had re-embarked on his original pursuit, Mu.

Every record, inscription, legend or artifact that the French explorer saw as proof of an Atlantean colonization of Yucatan, Mexico and South America, Churchward could translate into a sign of influx from the west.

The "cradle of civilization," Le Plongeon believed, was in Atlantis, and Mu-ans came after, or maybe were transplanted Atlanteans. In the last analysis, Lemuria doubtless preceded its eastern counterpart as the primal spot where man first appeared which, according to Cayce, was million years ago, in a material body considerably less dense than now.

Philostratus, in " Life of Tyana ," says "the first Egyptians were a colony from India" and historian Valniiki, in the Ramayana, writes: Their Nubian settlement was called Maioo on the present site of Suakin. Supposedly, this preceded the colony started at Sais, the "mouth of the Nile" by Thoth, son of an Atlantean priest, in 14, BC, with a temple for teaching the Osirian religion.

During this time the Great Pyramid was built, with Hermes Thoth principal architect; the Sphinx was "already there. Original Lemurians brown race still existing in Pacific regions and those from the Gobi yellow or their descendants found their way as well to Egypt, the melting pot 15 millennia ago. The white and yellow races sojourned southward, according to Cayce, with the,. In one of the western Tibetan monasteries he viewed a map which showed South America as it was Canals connected it with the Pacific coast, a water route between Mu and Atlantis, south of Tiahuanaco.

South American geologist E. Enock concurs with this explanation in his book on Peru. Maya writing and symbols on one of its monoliths are said to date its construction.

Most of all, at a time when few could travel great distances, he provided descriptions and illustrations of innumerable megalithic ruins throughout the Pacific region, proof that an advanced civilization occupied a large continent in times past. Isle of Pines, as well as New Zealand and Australia. Hawaii is a hot spot, boasting petroglyphs on stone, walls and platforms at: What an oasis of discovery for geologists, archeologists, anthropologists, or university groups!

And time is winding down; already, due to the polar ice melting and rising ocean levels, a few Pacific islands have experienced flooding and erosion; larger lands have noted salt water seepage into their fresh water. But recently, many geologists and explorers have been quietly examining the evidence and have published their logical conclusions. Johnstone of Liverpool University, in Introduction to Oceanography , says,.

Reed in Geography of the British Empire: According to Sir Archibald Geikie ,. Flat-topped guyots sea-mounts are formed above water, and these are numerous throughout the Pacific, now submerged.

One such guyot, termed "the largest sea-mount in history" by its peak 11, feet undersea, was located miles cast of Hawaii by the Scripps Institution of Oceanography scientists in Coral too, gives silent testimony, as it can grow only under the surface of water to a depth of feet; rings of coral have been found in the South Seas 1, feet deep, meaning that those areas went down slowly over an extended period of time.

Though Churchward implies an "overnight destruction of Mu" from Troano records , this might refer to any of three separate cataclysms from 50, BC to 10, BC, the dates given by Cayce and other sources to the first and third destructions, with a second event at about 28, BC. Magnetic pole reversals, or even axis shifts, may have accompanied or helped cause submergence. As far back as , soundings of the Pacific by Capt. Claude Banks Mayo of the U. Navy, show that there is,. East of Hawaii the ocean floor drops to an even level of three miles all the way to the California coast.

The usually staid Smithsonian Institution, in its November annual report, announced that Dr. Smith , one of its botanists, had collected evidence indicating the existence of a large continent in the Southwest Pacific some 20 million years ago. The diffusion of flora and fauna iii these far-flung islands is one of the undeniable arguments for the existence of a Mu. He was supported by J. Map of Bimini Road drawn after aerial and underwater surveys carried out by the Poseidia 75 expedition, sponsored by the A.

The road is magnified to approximately twice its actual size in relation to the island of Bimini. Shaped roughly like a letter J , it is some three quarters of a mile long and composed of huge stone blocks, often 15 feet square. On this map, the X marking the discovery of a stone artifact relates to a fragment of what appeared to be tongue and groove masonry discovered on the Poseidia 75 expedition by one of its member - Dr.

The exciting discovery of a vast layer of "clean white ash" on the Pacific Ocean floor a few hundred miles from C. America, extending miles to the west and miles to the south of the equator, was reported in the New York Times of April 12, Its origin was suggested as being from probable widespread volcanic action, or even falling debris from the breakup of asteroids.

Some corroboration is provided in the discovery of large amounts of volcanic dust completely mixed in the Alaskan, Asian and Siberian "muck," indicating volcanism occurred at or just before the phenomenon which instantly flash-froze entire herds of imperial mammoths 10, years ago.

Obviously, no "gradual climactic change" at work here? Catastrophism, an explanation conservative scientists have found unsavory, still is implied by such examples as the Berezovka mammoth, discovered in quick-frozen in Siberia, its stomach contents revealing partly digested buttercups and other temperate zone plants no longer native to that area.

Beagle Round the World": The mind at first is irresistibly hurried into the belief of some great catastrophe; but thus to destroy animals both large and small, in S. Patagonia, in Brazil, on the Cordillera of Peru, in N. No lesser physical event could have brought about this wholesale destruction not only in the Americas but in the entire world. An amusing anecdote was related by Charles Berlitz: Diners doubtless found the entree more palatable than its implications.

An area of "enormous numbers of sunken islands," suggesting a lost continent, was discovered in the west portion of the Indian Ocean close to the shores of Africa by the vessel Vityaz Knight Errant which explored for seven months in the Indian Ocean between Asia, Africa and Australia during , as a continuation of the International Geophysical Year.

A few years later Dr. Strange writing was carved on the columns and nearby, sonar detected strange lumps on the otherwise level bottom, indicative of possible building ruins. Menzies, from the research ship Anton Bruun, stated that the find suggested evidence of a sunken city, as reported in the New York Times , April 17, Back in , J.

Umbgrove, in Pulse of the Earth , had already ascertained that the deep trench off part of the Andean coast of S. America presumably Milne-Edward and at least one other deep submarine trench, show evidence of once being part of a continent. And by , Amos Nur , a Stanford geophysicist, averred that a "Pacifica" was a probability, as crust centers originate under continental masses, except in the Pacific, and that,.

One could surmise that if the Pacific ocean basins had for eons been "bathtubs" into which detritus from the continents was sluiced, then the sea floors would be found covered with great thicknesses of sediment. And conversely, if there had been continents in those areas recently, hardly any thickness of deep-sea sediment would be found, merely a thin layer draped over a very rough topography which had once been above water, subjected to weatherizing and stress action "subaerial topography".

And which condition was found by a sub-bottom depth profiler? According to Science magazine , Dec. Theorizing proves unnecessary, when one has physical proof at the ready. In the town library at Nance, France there is a globe, six inches in diameter, with a recorded history dating back to ; its continents of N.

America are accurately drawn but the peninsula of California is shown as an island with a group of smaller islands at its southern tip: Cerve sees this west strip of California as a remnant of the E.

Would he have mentioned the more than 10, earth mounds in Ohio alone? Louis, originally 97 ft. Was he privy to secrets of tunnel systems rumored near Mt. Shasta and throughout the western states? Could he have told us more about certain Egyptian traces in Grand Canyon caves? Skeletons of six-fingered giants , excavated on the California coast?

And just recently, the discovery of human hair dating back 10, to 12, years ago at an archaeological dig in Woodburn, Oregon, during ? This site is filled with elephant bones, and those of condors, sloths and a ft. Professor William Orr from U. You might be in for a shock. When they are exposed to the air, they oxidize before your eyes.

Or quick-flooded, buried in layers of silt and muck? This is the date given by Cayce, Churchward and others for the last destruction of Atlantis and Mu: And traditional science recognizes the fact of huge flooding at the end of the Pleistocene Era, 11 or 12 thousand years ago. The height difference gives a rough idea of how much energy is release by fusion. Iron is where that slows to a stop.

Iron collecting in the core is like ash collecting in a fire. Throw wood on a fire, you get more fire. Throw ash on a fire, you get hot ash. Without fuel, the rest of the star is free to collapse the core without opposition, and generally it does. Of course there are elements heavier than iron, and they can undergo fusion as well. However, rather than producing energy, these elements require additional energy to be created throwing liquid nitrogen on a fire, maybe?

The energy of all that falling material drives the fusion rate of the remaining lighter elements way, way, way up supernovas are super for a reason , and also helps power the creation of the elements that make our lives that much more interesting: There are more than a hundred known elements, and iron is only Terrific explanation of a complicated process.

What a great teacher you must be! So many writers of technical articles bury themselves and their readers in too many complicated graphs and equations.

Keeping it simple keeps it accessible. And makes learning news things great fun. Keep the explanations coming. I like to learn this kind of stuff and then tell it to my friends. To say the least, I am very very impressed with this site, stumble upon it by chance a lucky one I must say.

This is great information but it seems to be arguing the same point in a different light. In short, why is there heavy elements in the planets as opposed to in our sun?

One thing that has always confused me, as I always hear when a sun starts producing iron it is finished within a few seconds. Now if this is the case why is there so much iron produced? Nuclear Fusion Merging the atom? Basically, if you feed a start with just enough amount of iron, then inevitably it will collapse into Supernova. R2-D2 is partially correct.

A star has to be above a certain mass to go supernova. Our Sun, for example, will never go supernova as it is too small; rather, it will become a white dwarf. To dissect a living animal — n. Giving live birth as the ordinary mode of reproduction. The palm of the hand or sole of the foot — vola manus palm of the hand — vola pedis sole of the foot.

Material ejected from the stomach through the mouth and nose. Common name for tardigrades. A technique used to identify and locate proteins based on their ability to bind to specific antibodies.

Any arachnid belonging to the order Thelyphonida. Any arachnid belonging to the order Amblypygi. Cells present in blood, also known as leukocytes , that play a role in the immune system. A hard, fibrous tissue found in many plants. It is composed of cellulose fibers which resists tension and lignin which withstands compression. Tissue or organs from an individual of one type of organism transplanted into or grafted onto an individual of some other type treated as a distinct species.

For example, pig heart valves are often transplanted into humans. Chemical element; A noble gas present in the atmosphere; atomic weight Dry; this term is normally used only in describing environments. An extension of the sternum protruding caudally between the two halves of the rib cage. Concerning the ribs and xiphoid process. A technique used to study the molecular structure of substances.

In this method, x-rays are passed through the substance under analysis and then, on the basis of the resulting patterns of diffraction, inferences are made about its structure. The vascular tissue in plants that carries water and minerals upward from the roots. YADH Yeast alcohol dehydrogenase. A hybrid between yak Bos grunniens and American bison Bison bison. The contents of an ovum , especially the nutritive portion thereof.

A hybrid resulting from hybridization of an ass with a zebra. In plant roots, the region where new cells develop into distinct cell types. In plant roots, the region where new cells grow and lengthen before differentiating. Ligament supporting the lens of the eye syn.

Being a plant of the sort spread by animals. The branch of biogeography concerned with the geographic distribution of animals. Plankton composed of animal life. A hybrid resulting from hybridization of a donkey with a zebra.

A hybrid resulting from hybridization of a horse with a zebra. A hybrid resulting from hybridization of domestic cattle Bos taurus with European Bison Bison bonasus. Having two digits of the foot directed forward and two backward, as in parrots. Of or pertaining to the zygoma. A class of fungi including the bread molds. Its members produce zygospores. A structure in fungi that forms from a diploid zygote that results from fusion of two hyphae of different mating types.

The zygospore forms sporangia, in which meiosis takes place and spores form. A fertilized egg, produced by the union of a male and female gamete. A zygote goes on to develop into a multicellular organism by repeated cell division mitosis. A microorganism causing fermentation ; a zymophyte.

Imsges: uranium-lead dating formula

uranium-lead dating formula

Finally, his hypothesis cannot accommodate the many alternative lines of evidence that demonstrate a great age for the Earth. Louis, originally 97 ft. February 24, at 8:

uranium-lead dating formula

Are there further records within? Combinations of alpha and beta decay particles, beta particles alone, or some completely non-radioactive process may be the cause of the observed mineral discoloration haloes.

uranium-lead dating formula

Is this explanation reasonable enough? In plant roots, the region where new cells grow and lengthen before differentiating. The uanium-lead polonium isotope in each decay series is the daughter of a different radon atom; these dating gumtree uk precursors have greatly different half-lives. This was revealed by Peter Tompkins who had the information from unimpeachable sources in his Mysteries of the Mexican Pyramids. The uranium-lead dating formula of ring-type haloes with any specific energy of alpha decay must be considered speculative. Since the Troano gave the date of 10, BC as uranium-lead dating formula destruction, it is reasonable to assume it was correctly translated, and that those who termed it an astrological chart were misled and misleading. Ward,Polonium Radiohalos: