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In the s the architect Luis Miquel , a pupil of Le Corbusier , totally rebuilt the building. The Cathedral has two apses, with the eastern apse and the tower dating from the reign of Louis XV. Archived from the original on 22 February In the Austrians invaded and bombarded the city. The arms of Rouen are blazoned:
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Rouen is known for its Notre Dame cathedral , with its Tour de Beurre butter tower financed by the sale of indulgences for the consumption of butter during Lent. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. It is the capital of the region of Normandy. Between the train station and the central city there is a complex moat system that now serves road traffic. City transportation in Rouen consists of a tram and a bus system. In the s the architect Luis Miquel , a pupil of Le Corbusier , totally rebuilt the building. A broad horse-shoe of the river Doubs , "la Boucle", encircles the old town, while Vauban 's imposing Citadelle blocks off the neck.
Formerly one of the largest and most prosperous cities of medieval Europe , Rouen was the seat of the Exchequer of Normandy during the Middle Ages.
It was one of the capitals of the Anglo-Norman dynasties, which ruled both England and large parts of modern France from the 11th to the 15th centuries.
The population of the metropolitan area in French: People from Rouen are known as Rouennais. Rouen is known for its Notre Dame cathedral , with its Tour de Beurre butter tower financed by the sale of indulgences for the consumption of butter during Lent.
The Gros Horloge is an astronomical clock dating back to the 14th century. Rouen is also noted for its surviving half-timbered buildings. There are many museums in Rouen: The Jardin des Plantes de Rouen is a notable botanical garden once owned by Scottish banker John Law dated from in its present form. This is a large, modern structure which dominates the square. The form of the building represents an upturned viking boat and a fish shape.
Rouen was also home to the French Grand Prix , hosting the race at the nearby Rouen-Les-Essarts track sporadically between and In Rouen authorities demolished the grandstands and other remnants of Rouen's racing past.
Today, little remains beyond the public roads that formed the circuit. City transportation in Rouen consists of a tram and a bus system. The tramway branches into two lines out of a tunnel under the city centre. Rouen has its own airport , serving major domestic destinations as well as international destinations in Europe. The Seine is a major axis for maritime cargo links in the Port of Rouen. The company presents opera, classical and other types of music, both vocal and instrumental, as well as dance performances.
Rouen is twinned with:. Rouen Cathedral is the subject of a series of paintings by the Impressionist painter Claude Monet , who painted the same scene at different times of the day.
During the second half of the 20th century, several sculptures by Jean-Yves Lechevallier were erected in the city. The film The Taste of Others was filmed and set in Rouen. In the movie A Knight's Tale , the protagonist William Thatcher played by Heath Ledger poses as a noble and competes in his first jousting tournament at Rouen.
This may be rendered, "On a red background a haloed white pascal lamb looking back over its shoulder contorny holds a white banner bearing a gold cross; above, a broad blue band across the top bears 3 gold fleurs de lis". On the front of the "Grand Poste" rue Jeanne d'Arc , the banner is charged with a leopard the lion passant seen on Norman and English arms. This was the official seal of Rouen at the beginning of the 12th century, before Normandy was incorporated into Capetian France.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the capital of Normandy. For other uses, see Rouen disambiguation. Downtown Rouen and the Seine River. Location within Normandy region. History of Rouen and Timeline of Rouen. List of twin towns and sister cities in France. Numerous forts, some of which date back to that time and that incorporate Vauban's designs elements sit on the six hills that surround the city: The citadel itself has two dry moats, with an outer and inner court.
In the evenings, the illuminated Citadelle stands above the city as a landmark and a testament to Vauban's genius as a military engineer. In the Austrians invaded and bombarded the city. It also occupied an important position during the Franco-Prussian War of — Between and , the Germans executed some one hundred French resistance fighters there.
The allies bombed the railway complex in , and the next year the Germans resisted the U. The conditions were harsh; many hundreds of internees died of pneumonia, diarrhea, food poisoning, dysentery, and frostbite. The funicular passed from private ownership to the SNCF , who finally closed it in The funicular's tracks, stations and even road signs remain in place to this day.
It is located at the edge of the Jura Mountains. The city initially developed in a natural meander or oxbow loop of the Doubs River with a diameter of almost 1, metres 3, feet.
The city is surrounded by six other hills which range in elevation from to metres 1, to 1, feet: The year-round average is The wettest month is May The highest temperature ever, recorded on 28 July , was It is the 42nd of France, and it increased by 2. The city is famous for its microtechnology and watch industries. It is host of the biannual Micronora trade fair, one of Europe's major events in the field of microtechnologies. The city has a little-known specialty, automatic ticketing machines for car parking, airports, date stamping etc.
The famous "Lip" affair epitomizes the industrial crisis. Refusing to let their factory close, the workers set up a cooperative to run it. It also did nothing to help revive the watch industry; the cooperative went out of business a short while later.
The city took a long time to recover from the collapse of the watch industry and its other major industry of the industrial age, artificial textiles.
Since the s, the town has developed a reputation as one of France's leading centres of technology in all fields, including telecommunications and biotechnology. As of [update] , there were approximately 20, students enrolled at the university, including around 3, foreign students. The city has one of the most beautiful historic centers of any major town in France.
A broad horse-shoe of the river Doubs , "la Boucle", encircles the old town, while Vauban 's imposing Citadelle blocks off the neck. The historic center presents a remarkable ensemble of classic stone buildings, some dating back to the Middle Ages and others to the Spanish Renaissance. Among its most visited historic monuments are:.
The Roman remains consist primarily of the Porte Noire, a 2nd-century CE triumphal arch at the foot of the hill on which the citadel stands, and the Square Castan , a semi-circular amphitheater.
It was partly rebuilt in From to , Cardinal Granvelle , chancellor to the Habsburg emperor Charles V , built the Palais Granvelle, in the heart of the town. The Palais contains a set of seven wool and silk blend tapestries from Bruges that were woven circa and that celebrate seven milestones in Charles V's life.
These tapestries remained in Spain until , when they were transferred to France. In they were transferred to the Palais. Some older military architecture has also survived.
There is a cylindrical, 15th-century tower near the Porte Notre-Dame, the southern gate of the city. The Porte Rivotte, a 16th-century gate, has two round towers. The citadel houses the Museum of the French Resistance and Deportation. The Cathedral, which dates largely from the 12th century  though construction continued into the 14th century, contains the most remarkable of the city's masterpieces, a massive Virgin and saints altarpiece by the Italian Renaissance painter Fra Bartolomeo.
It also houses a noteworthy 19th-century astronomical clock. The Cathedral has two apses, with the eastern apse and the tower dating from the reign of Louis XV. Attractive quays border the old city, and in places there are shady promenades. On the right bank there is a bathing establishment in the Mouillere quarter that draws its water from the saline springs of Miserey-Salines.
The Museum of Fine Arts and Archeology has a collection whose origins date to , and which a remarkable series of bequests have augmented over time. In the s the architect Luis Miquel , a pupil of Le Corbusier , totally rebuilt the building. The building's interior takes the form of a gently rising concrete walkway that takes visitors up from classical antiquity to the modern age. It is also reputed [ citation needed ] to be France's environmentally friendliest city, with a public transport network that has often been cited as a model.
On account of the topography, the historic city centre lies at the edge of the modern city, and hiking tracks lead straight from the centre and up into the surrounding hills.
The city council has been in the hands of the Socialists and parties of the left since the Second World War. Labelled by the French Football Federation since the creation of the label in , its purpose is to teach young players in all aspects of football to become good competitive players.
A tramway commenced service in September The length of the line is 13 kilometres 8. Caesar thought that he ought to take the greatest precautions lest this should happen, for there was in that town a most ample supply of every thing which was serviceable for war; and so fortified was it by the nature of the ground, as to afford a great facility for protracting the war, inasmuch as the river Doubs almost surrounds the whole town, as though it were traced round it with a pair of compasses.
A wall thrown around it makes a citadel of this [mountain], and connects it with the town. Julien, however, was only a little peasant, without any means of approaching distinguished personages. This century was two years old. Rome was replacing Sparta; Already Napoleon was emerging from under Bonaparte. And already the First Consul's tight mask Had been split in several places by the Emperor's brow.
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Archived from the original on 28 September Retrieved 16 September
This is a large, modern structure which dominates the square. Rouen Cathedral is the subject of a series of paintings by the Impressionist painter Claude Monet , who painted the same scene at different times of the day.
This century was two years old. The city took a long time to recover from the collapse of the watch industry and its other major industry of the industrial age, lille textiles. The citadel houses the Museum of the French Resistance and Deportation. The Gros Horloge is an astronomical clock speed dating sur lille back to the 14th century. In the s the architect Luis Miquela pupil of Le Corbusiertotally rebuilt the building.
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