Mature eye makeup: hiding hooded eyes & dark eyelids
The fragment is shown on p. It is on seven unnumbered pages prior to Crum's preface. Ferrini is keeping himself unreachable Hideous interior design choices are revealed on Instagram - ranging from Love is in the air! Another day Jesus came up to [them]. The existence of this Gospel had been attested by the first bishop of Lyon, the capital of Gaules France , Saint Ireneus, who had denounced it in a text against the heresies in the middle of the II century.
How does it make me look younger?
The short version is this: When these people, however, have completed the time of the kingdom and the spirit leaves them, their bodies will die but their souls will be alive, and they will be taken up. Frieda Tchacos and Mario Roberty have filed a joint claim regarding some fragments of the LXX -- no doubt the Exodus -- which again do not belong to Ferrini but which the bank want to sell. They were still in three containers at that point p. The money was contributed by Gateway Computer founder Ted Waitt. When he [approached] his disciples,  gathered together and seated and offering a prayer of thanksgiving over the bread, [he] laughed.
If you know where any of them are, please tell me! Here are the reports that I have, together with an English translation of the 'Gospel of Judas.
Ferrell and the Exodus ms. More rumours 14th April Rumours about the missing three codices! NYTimes article on the dodgy dealings. Other texts 'in separate codices' 13th April Gospel Ms. Added 7th April , Publication announcement -- press conference online Latest details -- publication Easter Some further documents concerning the sale of the other portions of the manuscripts Opinion on comments so far by Prof. Hans van Oort of Radboud University in the Netherlands.
English translation of 9 fragments from the book of Allogenes Notes from an article in the German magazine Focus 26 March December Contents of the codex Jan This page is intended to draw all these together and add more as and when necessary.
It is quite likely that some of the statements made reflect the imagination of journalists, honest mistakes, or misinformation by those who wish to obscure the origins of the artefact; the author of much of this material, Michel van Rijn, believes he has himself been misled at various points by some of those involved. I have simplified the formatting of material from Michel van Rijn's site, which contains so much information that it can be hard to find the material solely on this find.
We all owe him a substantial debt of gratitude for publicising this material. His focus is on the art black-market, so I have omitted material unlikely to be of interest to manuscript enthusiasts. Full versions are available at Michel's site. News pages here Note that google do not display Michel's site in their results! April DeConick summarises a journal article here:.
According to Krosney's account, the fragments have made their way to Egypt in April and are under the care of Dr. Zahi Hawass who did not want the fragments to go to Switzerland for conservation first.
The rest of the Tchacos Codex remains in Switzerland in the hands of the Maecenas Foundation who is now in a financial battle with Mrs. The rest of the article is a sketch of the contents of the fragments and a preliminary transcription and translation based on photographs of the fragments possessed by Nussberger.
There has been no distribution of the photographs to scholars other than Meyer and Wurst as far as I know. There is mention that Wurst and Meyer are consulting with the administration in Egypt in order to discover how to proceed in the critical publication of the fragments. In the journal "Early Christianity" Mohr Siebeck, vol.
I have no idea of which part of the codex the fragments are from or if there is any mention of texts other than Gospel of Judas and am unable at this stage to view the article. It turns out that Ferrini did indeed hold out on Frieda Nussberger-Tchacos. During the bankruptcy proceedings, he produced a folder full of extra pages of the Gospel of Judas manuscript!
These were handed over to Gregor Wurst, and transcribed and translated. The estimate is that nearly the whole text is now known. Marvin Meyer is hosting a page of material here. In Word documents there is:.
It seems that the manuscript containing the Coptic letters of Paul was sold "over a year ago" and is now in Augsburg, being conserved by Gregor Wurst. This from Evangelical Textual Criticism:. One of these contained the Pauline Epistles. This codex was sold about a year and a half ago and has been sent to Augsburg to be restored by Gregor Wurst. Apparently, it is also Sahidic with considerable Middle Egyptian influence.
Is there anyone out there who can send me a scan of the photo from this publication? The pamphlet was created as part of a traveling exhibition. I had not noticed that Robert Kraft had placed online an account of his attempts to recover some of the find from Bruce Ferrini's sales on eBay.
It's here ; and I've mirrored it here. The story is most interesting! Collector Ernest Muro see below died over a year ago. It seems that he had acquired some small fragments of the find of manuscripts, primarily from sales of the same by Bruce Ferrini on eBay.
These are now being sold again on eBay by the executor of his estate Carl Middleton. In March , the auction of Bruce Ferrini's property was in progress, via Akron lawyer Scott Haley who was receiver of the bankrupt art-dealer.
See this article for details of the sales, which excluded "A batch of biblical artifacts that includes fragments from the Book of Exodus and the Letter of Paul to the Colossians. It also includes part of the controversial Gnostic manuscript known as the Gospel of Judas" because of questions about ownership, then sub judice.
From the ads I learn that at http: There are four books now published. The Critical Edition, plus the original three. The first three are 'authorised'. The discovery and restoration of the manuscript is in H. Krosney, The Lost Gospel: The Quest for the Gospel of Judas Iscariot. The English translation and notes are in R. Kasser, The Gospel of Judas. An unauthorised story about the financial skullduggery surrounding the text is found in J. Robinson, The Secrets of Judas.
If you go to ftp No doubt these are not meant for public viewing, and indeed now that we have a critical edition, perhaps of limited interest other than to specialists. But I hope National Geographic will make them available online permanently. Matthew Hamilton has emailed me that more of the Coptic Exodus manuscript has come to light:.
Fragments contain, according to Fraenkel:. I suspect, based on each fragment NOT having two ranges of contents one for each of recto and verso , that the contents he lists are for one side of each fragment. On another matter, online there is an article by Henk Schutte, "Perkamentsnippers op E-Bay het Judas-evangelie na de hype", with a photograph of a fragment of the Gospel of Judas. The PDF is here at Livius. The fragment is shown on p.
Well, it seems that the long awaited critical edition of the Gospel of Judas slipped out in the summer, unbeknownst to me, and, it would seem, unknown to most people judging from the number of reviews on Amazon. It's edited by Rudolf Kasser. I've had a very interesting email which tells me that fragments of the find are now being fought over in court First Merit Bank vs.
Here are some of the details. The wording is mine, and of course as with everything on this page, remember that we don't have the full story! All of Ferrini's stated inventory is now tied up in receivership. He borrowed against a lot of material that he had on consignment but told the bank he owned.
The bank is now trying to sell this material, and those who own it naturally are objecting! One case relates to a dealer who had claim to ownership of about a third of some very small Dead Sea Scroll fragments in Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek none identified. Frieda Tchacos and Mario Roberty have filed a joint claim regarding some fragments of the LXX -- no doubt the Exodus -- which again do not belong to Ferrini but which the bank want to sell.
Material in general of Ferrini's inventory is probably heading toward auction. It seems doubtful that Sotheby's and Christie's would ever go near anything ever associated with Ferrini, because there are a lot of pieces in his stated inventory with conflicting ownership claims. Some pretty high profile folks are stepping up to say what's rightfully theirs.
On his website he mentions that he has 4th century Septuagint fragments for sale, but doesn't mention what book of the Septuagint these are from.
Biondi was once a partner with Bruce Ferrini, and whereas Ferrini has a poor reputation, Biondi has a good reputation. He also points out that Michel van Rijn's site seems to have gone offline and is being rebuilt. Lee Biondi has contacted me to say that in fact he returned the fragments to Ferrini, and indeed that these are now the subject of court action against Ferrini by someone who claims to own them.
Michel van Rijn has written to me to say that the Fondation Bodmer who hold the Bodmer collection of New Testament papyri own four leaves of Codex Tchacos. I have written to them to enquire what they contain, and where they came from. Thank you for the tip-off, Michel! It is cataloged as P. Except for some good images, surprisingly very little information is given in the database.
There is no indication of chapter and verse, just the dimensions and the number of lines of text. The acquisition group for this leaf, being b, is interesting, because the items were acquired in from Gallery Nefer, which was owned by Frieda Tchacos-Nussberger. With the aid of my computer, I learned that the text is Exodus 6: I am now able to account for 20 leaves from the Exodus codex. The Yale leaf follows four that are in the possession of Martin Schoyen and precedes the one that is owned by Francois Antonovich of Paris.
A fifth leaf in the possession of Schoyen follows the Antonovich leaf. Because the Schoyen leaves were exhibited in Oslo in , all seven of these leaves Schoyen, Yale, and Antonovich appear to have been acquired prior to the acquisition of the Geneva Wares by Tchacos-Nussberger in and as popularized in a variety of ways in April of this year. Visiting the Beinecke site, the leaf is categorised as "Christian text, old testament".
A 31 lines, right left bottom margins B 31 lines, right left bottom margins. The images are accessible from http: Note that Martin Schoyen does not believe that his leaves come from the same codex.
The most interesting aspect of this report, if correct, is that the leaves were acquired by Yale before Frieda obtained the mss. This all suggests that another Exodus codex may be in question. I have recently heard from the Cotsen library at Princeton, who hold part of the Greek Mathematical treatise broken up by Bruce Ferrini.
The mathematical treatise in question was recently gifted to the Cotsen Children's Library by the donor, Lloyd E. It consists of three large fragments of papyrus leaves: Each leaf is extremely fragile: There are no photographs available at this time. Michel van Rijn has published on his website three documents which reveal the state of the 4 codices at an uncertain date, but prior to , when they were in the hands of Bruce Ferrini! This includes the first detailed descriptions of the other three codices!
Presently the academic world The first text is a fax of typescript. This suggests to me that it must predate the fax stamp of , and belongs to an era when word-processors were not as omnipresent as today. Is it really possible to date it much later than at the latest? It appears to be a report by a scholar on the whole find. Note that there is no mention of the damage caused by damp during the long stay in the US vault during the 's, which suggests that it predates that stay:.
Extensive fragments, perhaps as many as several hundred pieces, of a papyrus manuscript containing the Greek text of the biblical book of Exodus. The script suggests a fourth or fifth century date for the writing of the book.
The last leaf, with the colophon, is present. The fragments are wrapped in a bundle of paper and include several large sections of two quires ca. No traces of the binding, other than parchment sewing guards on one gathering and a few pieces of sewing cord, are preserved. Page numbers survive on a few pieces, ranging as high as ; it is not unlikely that there are portions of that many leaves among the fragments and that a substantial part of the text is preserved, although this is impossible to determine in the current state of the manuscript.
The text appears to include many variants from the standard edition of the Septuagint, and some of these variants are recorded as Hexapla readings, suggesting that this manuscript is of considerable importance for the textual study of the Old Testament. Biblical papyri are very rare and highly sought after. At least 17 substantially complete leaves including one complete bifolium of a mathematical text, dealing with geometry the measuring of triangles and liquid volume, among other things , and hundreds of small fragments.
There are numerous drawings, some mathematical and related to the text, others appear to be purely decorative crosses. Extensive searching indicates that the text cannot be identified with any known extant mathematical treatise from antiquity. The script suggests a fourth or fifth century date. No trace of the original binding is present, but the bifolium has sewing holes that show that the book was originally stab sewn.
The text has sections on practical mathematics, e. It may be a text for teaching practical mathematics. No similar manual survives otherwise from Antiquity, and this one will be of great interest to documentary papyrologists, as well as to historians of mathematics.
The large leaves of this manuscript were placed in the front of the volume of Pauline letters item 3 , with which they have no relationship. They do not belong to that binding, as the leaves are larger than that binding.
This manuscript is unique and of great importance for the history of mathematics in antiquity. Pauline letters in Sahidic dialect of Coptic, 4 th or 5 th century maybe slightly earlier.
Page numbers run as high as , but there are not that many leaves present. Portions of Thessalonians, Colossians, and Hebrews there are colophons present for those three and Galatians have been identified. There are many leaves more or less completely preserved, and hundreds of small fragments. One cover from the original binding is present, and portions of the spine. The board is made of papyrus cartonage, and includes inscribed papyrus, some of it literary, some of it documentary.
It could provide clues to the date and origin of the binding. Ancient New Testament manuscripts are very rare, and are the most valuable in market terms of ancient papyri.
A composite volume of at least three Coptic texts, in Sahidic dialect: The first two were first discovered and published from Nag Hammadi codicies codex V and cpdex VIII, respectively , and the Nag Hammadi manuscript in each case is the only one known till now. The Nag Hammadi codices are defective and the present codex fills some of the gaps in the text of the Nag Hammadi manuscripts so some of the text present here is unique.
These are very brief works, of only a few pages each. The third work is apparently much longer and is totally unknown to the modern world. A work called, as this one is in the colophon, the Gospel of Judas, is mentioned by the second-century writer Irenaeus in his treatise on heretics.
His description of the contents seems to match what can be read of this manuscript. There are at least 50 pages of the manuscript either substantially complete or represented by major fragments page numbers are preserved at the top of most leaves , but the pages are badly deteriorated and impossible to turn at the moment without breaking off further pieces.
There are also hundreds of small pieces already broken off. Colophons or titles exist for all three works. It is not impossible that there are other texts intervening between the end of the Epistle of Peter to Philip and the beginning of the Gospel of Judas.
The papyrus is, in general, in brittle condition and desperately needs conservation. Portions of the original binding are present and contain inscribed cartonnage. This is unquestionably the most important of the four manuscripts, equivalent in importance to the Nag Hammadi books.
For each of the four codices, there were fragments, large and small, mixed in the bundles with the other manuscripts. The storage of the manuscripts was clearly disorganised, and fragments of all four books got mixed together. Many of these have been moved to folders, identifying which book they belong to and which they came from.
The second document -- clearly part of a longer document, and mainly reproducing material above -- is word-processed and clearly dated to No similar manual survives otherwise from Antiquity, and this one will be of great interest to documentary papyrologists, as well as to historians of mathematics as well as to historians of the volume of Pauline letters item 3 , with which they have no relationship. The third document is dated: We have seen this papyrus, handled it, and hold portions of it.
On our behalf, Dr. Charles Hedrick has begun to transcribe and translate some of the most readily legible portions of the text. On September 4 th we contacted Thomas Harris regarding advice and thoughts on appropriate representation.
The several aspects of the work which, Bruce Ferrini and Lee Biondi are now writing, include: Thanks to Michel for letting me know about this new info, and to Steven Goranson for independently emailing me. There is no new 'news' about the ps. The Greek Mathematical treatise remains in limbo, as neither Alexander Jones nor Roger Bagnall is actively working on it.
The letters of Paul manuscript remains the one about which nothing seems to be being said unfortunately Gregor Wurst did not respond to my email. Matthew Hamilton has continued to work on the Exodus manuscript, and has reconstructed tentatively one of the pages.
He also has sent in some images found on the web but now vanished. New page with Matthew's material on Exodus This article appeared in Vetus Testamentum Vol. Wieland Willker kindly sent me a copy from which I abstract the following.
The article publishes 7 fragments of a Greek manuscript of Exodus. The writing is "expert uncial" with scribal marks and nomina sacra. Fragments are owned by "an anonymous collector" The largest and best preserved folio page. It shows the seam at which the codex had once been bound, and more of each line on the page than most of them. This would seem to be a pair of pages across the spine.
This all sounds very like the manuscript that passed through Bruce Ferrini's hands; and clearly was dismembered by him. Matthew Hamilton has written to me again and adds:. Reconstruction of the fragments suggest that the fragments come from pages with typically about 33 or 34 lines per page, and 19 or 20 letters per line.
It is possible and it would be good if it were so, but what is the chance of two papyrus codices of Exodus from the mid 4th century with similar codicological features, appearing on the market at the same time, especially as Schoyen sourced his Exodus fragments from Bruce Ferrini who was also the donor of the Exodus fragment to Ashland Theological Seminary?
It seems like quite a coincidence. I haven't done a proper reconstruction yet and checked against the typological standards set out by Turner, but it looks like the page sizes given in Schoyen's website and reconstructed for the fragments in deSilva and Adams are about the same.
Of course this could be due to common factors of mid 4th century Egypt producing common page sizes. I have had an email from Ernest Muro about the location of various leaves of the Exodus and Paul. He has been looking at catalogues of the "Ink and Blood" exhibition and media photographs of the leaves held by the receiver for Bruce Ferrini.
I am happy to announce the tentative results of my efforts to compile a list of leaves in the "Exodus" and the "Letters of Paul" codices that were briefly examined in a Geneva hotel room on May 15, I have called these items the "Geneva Wares" as the eyewitness report by Steve Emmel is one of the few reliable sources pertaining to these manuscripts. I have uploaded these two lists to my web site. They can be accessed at http: There are 19 leaves for the Exodus codex that I have been able to verify and 2 such leaves of the codex containing the Letters of Paul.
As for the Exodus codex, I have yet to verify the existence of: I would appreciate any details or contact information in this regard. The present whereabouts of these manuscripts is another matter. Some of the Exodus and Pauline leaves are currently in a safe deposit box in Akron, Ohio. His calculations of what exist are on his website.
Note also the publication Mr Muro gives: David DeSilva and Marcus Adams. Are we sure that it is part of our Ms? If you scroll down your web page to the picture of the papyrus fragment that appeared in the St.
Petersburg Times, you will notice a diple or perhaps a paragraphus in the left margin near the bottom followed by the Greek word "de. Herbert Krosney, on page of "The Lost Gospel" relates the acquisition by Martin Schoyen of certain "biblical" leaves that were offered with the Coptic codex. He adds that Schoyen was a "master" at such dealings, whereby James Robinson was not. Also, keep in mind the fact that the picture of MS at Schoyen's web site depicts 3 leaves, one atop the other.
Two of them contain text from the 5th. These two leaves are items 9 and 10 in my list. Krosney has tracked the back-story very far indeed. But the most interesting part is that the find was split by some Greek traders who had stolen it; and that various photographs exist from various stages, including from before it left Egypt! Tracking these down would be well-worth someone's while.
Codex Tchacos was found, according to peasants, in a cave located in the Jebel Qarara hills across the river from Maghagha, not far from the village of Qarara, in Al Minya province.
Villagers stumbled across the cave hidden down in the rocks. Inside was the skeleton of a wealthy man in a shroud; other human remains were also present.
Next to the skeleton was a white limestone box, which contained "books. He was illiterate, but was brought to see the find. There were two caskets near the entrance. The first was a sarcophagus containing a skeleton, along with some Roman glass flasks in a wrapping of straw or papyrus. She was taken by him to the place where the find had been made, with the help of one of 'Am Samiah's good friends, 'Mahmoud', a moslem and a "worker in a government office near Maghagha" who had a small car.
After crossing the Nile by boat they walked up to a 'fortress-like building' and then on into a set of unknown catacombs in style like those in Alexandria. A further group of villagers had entered the cave after the texts had gone and removed further 'materials. Hanna told a number of stories about where the books had been found. One story involved claiming that they had been passed down in his family.
Another resembles that of the Nag Hammadi find. Another comes through Italian papyrologist Manfredo Manfredi, who knew Hanna in the early 's, who was told that the papyri were found in a closed room, probably a tomb, in Hermopolis 10 miles south of Al Minya. In May Hanna remnisced that a number of mss had come into his hands, some in Greek, some in Coptic although it is questionable whether Hanna could tell the difference ; those in Coptic he said were found near Maghagha, probably in the Jebel Qarara hills just across the river; those in Greek were found in or around Beni Hassan.
Whether any of these stories are true may be questioned. Another 'business associate' of Hanna named 'Boutros' claims that an unnamed associate of Hanna visited 'Am Samiah' in October ; two months later he was offered 'the codex' [ Krosney's accounts veer between singular and plural erratically--RP ]; the associate then sold 'the books' to Hanna. Hanna claims to have been robbed of all his stock -- not just the mss -- by some Greeks whom he had dealt with, who exported it.
A Greek trader, Nicholas Koutoulakis, who had some associations with the robbers, later arranged for the return of the mss, but not the other items. Perdios gave large colour so p. Nothing came of this attempt to sell. Perdios also approached papyrologist Ludwig Koenen in late and sent him a set of photographs similar to those shown to Frieda. One of these was Stephen Emmel as the representative of James M.
Robinson , whose report is below. Where are these photos now? Kotansky managed to give a general description of the two documents written in Greek and made preliminary transcriptions of all texts that could be read from the photographs. His conclusion about the mathematical treatise: And the mathematical codex in was 'the larger codex'??
In Frieda Nussberger-Tchacos was approached by a Greek speaking with a rough village accent who said that he had an ancient ms. He sent photographs to her, and she sent these to Robert Babcock, a curator at the Beinecke Library at Yale. These seem to have been in Coptic, and were a small number unspecified of pages. The photos showed the pages against a Greek newspaper dated The seller seems to have been the boyfriend of 'Mia' or 'Effie' or 'Fifi' a former girlfriend of Koutoulakis who may have gone into business for herself when Hanna was robbed pp.
This was before Frieda bought the bulk of the material from Hanna whom she had known in the 's in They were still in three containers at that point p. After Yale refused to buy them, citing questions of ownership, Frieda learned through Bill Veres, a London antiquities dealer, of Bruce Ferrini, who was being backed by James Ferrell. Ferrini had substantial plans to conserve and publish, and consulted Charles W. As Ferrini's financial difficulties increased, he sold the mathematical treatise through Sam Fogg of London to a US citizen who wants to remain anonymous but owns the Archimedes palimpsest.
Fogg engaged Alexander Jones, a Canadian scholar specialising in ancient scientific texts, to publish it in collaboration with Roger Bagnall in Cotsen bought them directly from Ferrini, but had them shipped direct to Princeton rather than to himself, according to Lyn Tansey of Cotsen's office.
At Princeton it came under the control of the curator of manuscripts, Don Skemer [ an error: Jones visited Princeton in autumn to examine these pages and reported that they belonged to the same treatise.
In January a substantial part of two pages of the ps. These had been supplied by Ferrini to a private collector in New York, after Frieda had taken possession of the codex. Kasser has copies of all the photographs that Hedrick had.
This included pictures of the ps. Between 60 and 90 images had been supplied. This information came to van Rijn, who communicated it to Roberty, who contacted Hedrick via his US lawyer Ferrini had undertaken to ensure no copies existed except those given to Frieda. Attempts to pressure Hedrick proved fruitless, but Hedrick proved to be very willing to supply Kasser with copies of all the photos he had and to cooperate.
The material that Hedrick had supplied to van Rijn was published on the latter's website, but Hedrick says that he did not give permission for publication. Note that this is a very condensed summary of points mainly relating to photographs, and the book is an essential purchase for the full story and context. Much of the book is directed at those new to the subject.
Important information for long-term readers:. Bruce Ferrini sent Charles Hedrick "very dismal photographs", 10 professionally made photographs and 24 made with a regular camera. Hedrick transcribed and translated what he could from 6 pages that were more legible than the rest. Hedrick circulated these transcriptions and translations to Nag Hammadi colleagues -- Birger A.
Hedrick "received from most a series of suggestions for improving both the transcription and the translation. The outcome of this collaboration has been, most recently, a much improved transcription and a German translation by the group in Berlin led by Bethge, and a corresponding translation by Steven Patterson. Crum, "A coptic dictionary". Wipf and Stock Publishers, It is on seven unnumbered pages prior to Crum's preface.
Steven Emmel was one of those who saw the manuscripts for half an hour in Robinson prints this, and it gives us some solid info on the Letters of Paul codex: The collection of papyri being offered for sale consists of four separate manuscripts, and possibly fragments of some others.
A system of numeration and designations was agreed upon with the owner and his intermediary for referring to the four manuscripts, as follows:.
The material was being stored in three cardboard boxes lined with newspaper. Items 1, 2, and 4 were each in a separate box, with the fragments of item 3 mixed together with items 1 and 4.
This report is concerned only with the Coptic items, mainly with item 2, briefly with item 3. Item 3 is fragments of a papyrus codex from the 5th possibly 4th century AD containing at least some of the letters of St. The leaves are approximately 24 cm tall and 16 cm broad.
The scribe outlined his writing area with pink chalk. His handwriting is cursive in style, as though somewhat quickly written. The pages are numbered above the center of a single column of writing, the highest page number observed being There are some nearly complete leaves of the codex preserved, and many smaller fragments, which might be reassembled into at least a sizeable portion of the codex. There is also part of a leather binding either the front or the back cover, including the spine, lined with scrap papyrus which probably, though not certainly, belongs to this codex.
The contents identified with certainty are Hebrews, Colossians, and 1 Thessalonians. The texts are in a non-standard form of the Sahidic dialect. Certainly the gem of the entire collection of four manuscripts is item 2, a papyrus codex from the 4th century AD, approximately 30 cm tall and 15 cm broad, containing gnostic texts.
At the time that the codex was discovered, it was probably in good condition, with a leather binding and complete leaves with all four margins intact. But the codex has been badly handled; only half of the leather binding probably the front cover is now preserved and the leaves have suffered some breakage. The absence of half of the binding and the fact that page numbers run only into the 50's lead me to suppose that the back half of the codex may be missing; only closer study can prove or disprove this supposition.
The texts are in a non-standard form of Sahidic. The codex was inscribed in a single column in a large and careful uncial hand. Page numbers were placed above the center of the column and decorated with short rows of diples [hatch-marks] above and below. The portion of the leather binding preserved is lined with cartonnage, layers of scrap papyrus glued together to form a kind of cardboard. At least some of this cartonnage is inscribed, offering hope that the date and location of the manufacture of the codex can be determined with some precision once the cartonnage has been removed and studied.
The codex contains at least three different texts: The leaves and fragments of the codex will need to be conserved between panes of glass. I would recommend conservation measures patterned after those used to restore and conserve the Nag Hammadi Codices see my article, "The Nag Hammadi Codices Editing Project: Despite the breakage that has already occurred, and that which will inevitably occur between now and the proper conservation of the manuscript, I estimate that it would require about a month to reassemble the fragments of the manuscript and to arrange the reassembled leaves between panes of glass.
According to the owner, all four of the manuscripts in this collection were found near the village of Beni Masar, about 8 km south of Oxyrhynchus modern Behnasa. It is difficult to know how seriously to take such information.
Study of the cartonnage in the two surviving covers will probably provide more certain information as to the provenance at least of the manufacture of the codices. He also refused to discuss the prices of the four individual items separately. He would like to sell all four manuscripts together, but probably will sell them individually if necessary.
I strongly urge you to acquire this Gnostic codex. It is of the utmost scholarly value, comparable in every way to any one of the Nag Hammadi Codices. Like them as well, it is one of the oldest specimens of a book in codex form; the fact that part of the cover is also preserved is a remarkable stroke of luck.
There is great danger of further deterioration of the manuscript as long as it is in the hands of the present owner. This unique item must be put as quickly as possible into the hands of a library or museum where it can be restored, published, and conserved. Wurst, "The Gospel of Judas"] 26th April I have now received my copy of the three volumes above.
Rudolphe Kasser's essay contains much detail on the recovery process; would that this was more often available for mss. The entire text of the codex Tchacos will be published in a critical edition with facsimile full-size colour photographs and translations into English, French and German. This will also include photographs of the fragments which the researchers were unable to place in sequence.
The codex is 66 pages 33 leaves long and comprises: Gospel of Judas pages During publication the lower part of pages came to light. The manuscript is split across the middle, about a third of the way down the page, seemingly from being folded, and text lost at the join.
Most of the text is on the lower portion, but there is a page number in the upper part. More has been lost from this area around the fold since Stephen Emmel first saw it in , but not hugely so.
The pages are numbered, which means the sequence of the upper half of each page is clear. Between and someone rearranged the bottom halves out of order. Because of the split, portions can be missing. Codex is 30cm tall and 15cm broad. It had deteriorated by Now only a single cover is present and the page numbers run only into the 50's, suggesting that the rear portion of the codex has been detached.
Hannah stored the ms in a bank vault in NY, in humid conditions until when he sold it to Frieda Nussberger. When Bruce Ferrini acquired it he froze it. The effect of this on the damp leaves was to weaken them to crumbling point. It also made the water in the leaves gather at the surface, bringing pigment with them and darkening them to near-illegibility.
Ferrini made photos of many pages, which he supplied to Charles Hedrick. When he agreed to return the ms to Frieda Nussberger, he undertook to return the whole ms, plus all photos and transcriptions.
But this he did not do. Hedrick was able to supply Rudolphe Kasser with photos, a transcription and translation of pp. These images appeared on the internet see below. Matthew has been researching the fate of the Exodus fragments, and has compiled the following info.
Besides the parts known of from the Ink and Blood exhibit, and the Schoyen Collection and those in the Antonovich Collection mentioned in the Schoyen Collection website , it appears there is a fragment in the Ashland Theological Seminary. The same book includes on page 43 a fragment belonging to "a private collector". Various web reports on the Exodus fragments at Ink and Blood [as well as at "From The Dead Sea Scrolls to the Bible in America" and "Dead Sea Scrolls to the Forbidden Book"] have been accompanied by photographs of some of the leaves, here are the references of some of them - note that the web addresses may no longer be active?
Some fragments of the scrolls were also displayed yesterday, along with a fragment of a page from an early bible in Greek. Petersburg Times Online, Wieland Willker wrote to say that it is definitely Exodus 3: Checklist of Manuscripts Spanning Years, 20th ed. In particular a photo from Hannah exists of a leaf containing Ex. A History of the Bible, [by Lee Biondi? Page 8 refers to Ex. If you need copies, I will try to forward these to you after I have checked with Gary Dykes, or you may want to contact Gary Dykes yourself.
In summary, the 55 or so leaves contain at least: Van Rijn offers the following emails between people apparently with addresses at Ferrini and Ferrell. The majority of the material concerns various disputes, but this one is of interest: Sunday, February 23, 3: In preparation for our meeting on Wednesday and so that our attorney can finalize descriptions of the items to be included in the settlement, I'd like to have faxed to me on Monday descriptions and provenance for I am assuming the 10 sets of ancient writings, the Exodus fragments , the marzeah Papyrus and Dead Sea fragments are exactly as described in the books you gave us.
Apr 19 7: Michel van Rijn draws attention to the following story: An Akron lawyer is trying to pay bankruptcy debts of an art and antiquities dealer. Thursday he offered a glimpse of several small, brown bits of papyrus that may be part of the roughly year-old Gospel of Judas.
The items may have historical and religious significance. Scott Haley's court-appointed task is to pay Ohio collector Bruce Ferrini's creditors. Whether the fragments that ended up in a bank vault in downtown Akron are genuine remains in question. Haley said he has no immediate plans to go through a time-consuming, expensive authentication process. He also said he wants to draw attention to Ferrini's assets, but hopes the fragments will not have to be sold and can be returned to him.
An ancient text about Judas was preserved and translated by a team of scholars, then made public by the National Geographic Society about two weeks ago. The announcement drew worldwide attention, telling a far different version than that in the four Gospels in the New Testament.
Copyright by The Associated Press. Ancient text from Gospel of Judas may be part of local collection. Beacon Journal staff writer. You may have heard about the Gospel of Judas, a long-lost manuscript that has been getting international attention. A portion of the 1,year-old treasure is sitting in a bank vault on South Main Street.
If you haven't been following the story, National Geographic helped fund a mission by an international team of experts to authenticate, translate and preserve the only known copy of the Gospel of Judas, an ancient book based on the life of Jesus' least popular disciple.
A sizable chunk of that manuscript -- 10 to 20 percent, by one estimate -- is right here. The short version is this: The manuscript was discovered in a cave in Egypt in the s and wound its way through antiquities dealers in Europe and the United States before being purchased in by Bath Township resident Bruce Ferrini. Ferrini is an internationally known art dealer who filed for bankruptcy last September.
But because of his failing finances, the deal fell through. Scott Haley was appointed to catalog and assess Ferrini's possessions. In , when the sale fell apart, Ferrini supposedly returned the whole codex to its previous owner.
But according to Haley and National Geographic, which photographed the Akron pieces in February, a significant portion of the gospel remained in Ferrini's possession. Ferrini referred a phone call to Akron lawyer Morris Laatsch, who said Ferrini returned everything he was given by the previous owner, and questions whether the National Geographic experts are correct. Possibly this could be from this same document. But if the experts do say it is, I guess perhaps you can rely on them or not rely on them.
The delicate fragments are inside a special vault at FirstMerit. Only the bank has the combination to an outer vault, and only Haley has the combination to an inner vault. The Akron fragments are stored in 26 plastic folders, each about the size of half a standard envelope.
Traditional Christian belief has it that Judas, a disciple of Christ, betrayed him, turning him over to Roman authorities for execution. This new account argues that Judas was actually Jesus' closest disciple, and that the only reason Judas blew the whistle was Jesus asked him to. Christian scholars are widely split in regard to the potential religious impact of the discovery. Some believe the name Judas may no longer be synonymous with "traitor. But the historical value is unquestioned.
The papyrus manuscript survived -- just barely -- because it lay untouched for 1, years in a limestone box in a desert cave. It almost didn't survive because it also spent 16 years in a safe deposit box in Long Island, N.
Ferrini didn't do it any favors, either, according to one account. The Associated Press reported that he damaged it by storing it in his freezer. Haley first realized what he was dealing with when a lawyer for Nussberger-Tchacos and the Maecenas Foundation in Switzerland, a partner in the National Geographic project, contacted him to say part of the codex was missing and probably in Ferrini's possession.
Haley invited the lawyer and National Geographic to view the material in February. National Geographic photographer Kenneth Garrett -- the same person who shot the King Tut exhumation for the society last year -- photographed both sides of every fragment.
He was assisted by a document-handling expert from Switzerland. Ferrini's lawyer said Nussberger-Tchacos signed a document in saying the material had been returned, and questions her credibility, pointing out that she was once detained by Italian authorities in connection with a smuggling case. That's one reason Yale University officials passed up a chance to buy it after authenticating it immediately before she sold it to Ferrini.
Ferrini is "not saying they are or they're not," Laatsch responded. Even if they are, he said, they were obtained in a different transaction and do not belong to Nussberger-Tchacos. The Gospel of Judas was written about A.
It is in Coptic, an ancient Egyptian language that uses modified Greek letters. A codex is a book that consists of folded pages bound on one side. They were easier to manage than scrolls, and found favor with people writing scripture.
In , the codex will be returned to Egypt, where it will be displayed at the Coptic Museum in Cairo. Ferrini has successfully applied to have his bankruptcy dismissed, and now Haley will go about liquidating the collection through a receivership -- although he won't do anything with the Judas codex until the Swiss legal claim is resolved. But, as the school acknowledged in December, he never gave Kent any of that money.
Scissorhands Ferrini is claiming to have bought the remaining fragments of the Judas Gospel and Exodus from Paris based gentleman-dealer Guy Ladriere, bottom of the deck dealer Francois Antonovitch and Napoleon Bonaparte ;-.
We at the Institute of the Terminally Maladjusted foresaw Ferrini's BS cover up acquisition story; so we pulled the magic carpet on his Gospels and fables. Wed, 22 Dec I am today 70 years old, I don't know the man called Mr Bruce Ferrini and I never sold any object to him in my 40 years career or in my life. I don't know how this man can claim he bought them from me. I never deal with this kind of "coptic" fragments.
To complete, the two leaves I sold to Ferrini, coming from Antonovitch, were TWO painted miniatures on velum, representing two seated Apostles, of Byzantine type, something very classical, XIIth century, nothing to compare with the fragments you sent to me.
Ferrell] 15th April Ferrell has been in contact with me. There have been rumours that Bruce Ferrini sold him some of the pages of the Exodus manuscript. I asked him about these, and he kindly gave me permission to upload his response: Pearse, I am afraid I have no knowledge of these items.
In fact I had never heard of them until reading about them in the book. You can only hope that all the notoriety surrounding the Judas Gospel will bring someone forward.
I wish you all the best in your search. I've heard from Mario Roberty of the Maecenas Foundation. Our plan was to publish the critical scientific edition of the whole Codex first or at least simultaneously with the two publications now presented by the National Geographical Society.
The reason why this didn't happen was that during the last few weeks we obtained access to some important fragments Ferrini had sold and others that are now in the hands of the Receiver in Ferrini's bankruptcy case. It would be a pity not to include the info contained in these fragments in the scholarly publication which will therefore be a few months late and published this summer.
I don't think that any of us will care about a six month delay; after all, what else could they do? More on how the Gospel of Judas got to us. The documents survived unmolested through centuries of war and upheaval.
They remained unread until early May , when Stephen Emmel, a graduate student working in Rome, got a call from a fellow scholar, who wanted him to travel to Switzerland and check on some Coptic documents on offer from a mysterious source.
In Geneva, Emmel and two colleagues were directed to a hotel room where they were met by two men—an Egyptian who spoke no English and a Greek who translated.
Kneeling beside the bed, he gingerly lifted some of the leaves with tweezers and spotted the name Judas. While the two sides lunched, he slipped away and frantically noted down everything he could remember. That was the last any scholar saw of the documents for the next 17 years. According to the present owners of the Judas gospel, the Egyptian in that Geneva hotel room was a Cairo antiquities dealer named Hanna.
He had bought the manuscript from a village trader who made his living scouting such material. Exactly where or how the trader had come across the collection is unclear.
Soon after Hanna acquired the manuscript and before he could take it overseas, his entire stock disappeared in a robbery. Later Hanna succeeded in retrieving part of the hoard, including the gospel. Once upon a time, few would question how a priceless antiquity left its host country. Any visitor could simply pick up artifacts and send them abroad.
That is how great museums like the British Museum and the Louvre acquired many of their treasures. Today, antiquities-rich nations take a more proprietary attitude, banning private ownership and strictly controlling the export of their heritage.
Respectable buyers such as museums try to ensure a legitimate provenance, or origin, for an artifact by establishing that it has not been stolen or illegally exported.
In early , when the theft took place, Egypt had already made it illegal to possess unregistered antiquities or export them without a government license. It is not clear precisely how this law applies to the codex. But questions about its provenance have shadowed it ever since. Hanna, however, was determined to get top dollar for it.
The foray came to nothing, whereupon Hanna apparently lost heart and retired back to Cairo. Before he left New York, he rented a safe deposit box in a Citibank branch in Hicksville, Long Island, where he parked the codex and some other ancient papyri.
There they remained, untouched and moldering, while Hanna intermittently tried to interest other buyers. His price, reportedly, was always too high. Finally, in April , he made a sale. The buyer was Frieda Nussberger-Tchacos, an Egyptian-born Greek who had made her way to the top of the cutthroat antiquities business after studying Egyptology in Paris. Her rejection by Yale had been disheartening, and the trip to Akron was a nightmare.
In return for Judas and other manuscripts, Ferrini gave Tchacos a sales contract with a Ferrini company called Nemo and two postdated checks for 1. Ferrini did not return numerous phone calls seeking his version of the story. But people who saw the Judas manuscript while it was in his possession say that he shuffled the pages.
More fragments were coming off. Tchacos had begun having qualms about the deal within days of returning home. Roberty, a quick-witted and engaging Swiss lawyer, knows the world of antiquities dealers and runs a foundation dedicated to ancient art. The London-based van Rijn runs a wide-ranging website that is totally uninhibited in flaying his many enemies in the antiquities world.
You will be prosecuted! At that moment, she says, Judas turned from curse to blessing. As Kasser began painstakingly teasing the meaning of the codex from the fragments, Roberty embarked on an imaginative solution to the provenance problem: Relieved of her marketing concerns, Tchacos has herself begun to sound a little mystical. On the edge of Lake Geneva, upstairs in an anonymous building, a specialist carefully manipulates a tiny scrap of papyrus into its proper place, and part of an ancient sentence is restored.
I have today heard that the codex of the Greek Exodus, and the codex containing the Letters of Paul, were recovered by Frieda Nussberger-Tchacos from Bruce Ferrini, and are still in her possession. It seems that Ferrini may have 'misappropriated' and sold leaves from some or all of these. Rumours about the missing three codices! I have been doing some digging, and emailing some of the people who might know something about the 3 missing codices, or have handled them.
The following comments have emerged. As ever, while I am sure that everyone is sincere, not everyone may be accurately informed. I have suppressed names in the interest of keeping the information flowing! Here are a few quotes from various sources.
My first quotation is from someone who warned me that it was hearsay. The first step to losing an extra chin is to lose weight — like the spare tyre around your waist, a spare chin is often down to excess body fat. Loss of definition around your cheeks and jawline is often caused by lost teeth that haven't been replaced — your gnashers and jawbone are the scaffolding to your skin.
Get well-fitting dentures to ensure this isn't the case for you. And to target the chin through exercise try this: Do this exercise twice daily. A main cause of eye bags is collected toxins and water under your eyes - that's why you look slightly puffy eyed if you've been drinking the night before.
Try these quick fixes for puffy eyes, dark circles and t-zone trouble. Exercise different forehead muscles to increase blood flow to the area. Resist with your fingertips. Repeat this times, rest, then repeat five times.
Exercising these muscles can't repair or restore the ligaments that hold the muscles in place and weaken with age. If you repeatedly manipulate your skin, it is likely to cause more elasticity. Ten of the most ageing foods.
Meditation appears to slow some of the cell loss which causes wrinkling of the skin. A study from the University of California has found that meditation increases telomerase activity too. Telomeres are structures at the end of chromosomes, sometimes envisaged as the equivalent of the cap on the end of a shoelace.
They get shorter each time a cell divides and when they drop below a specific length, that cell can no longer divide and dies. The researchers believe that this beneficial side effect of meditation is down to the reduced stress that practitioners feel.
They base this theory on the fact that those study participants who showed the highest levels of telomerase activity were also those who showed the greatest improvement in terms of positive psychological changes.
If meditation makes you feel good, de-stressing you and giving you a general sense of wellbeing, then it may also increase your telomerase activity. But if gardening or painting gives you a similar sense of wellbeing, it may well be just as effective. Find out more about meditation.
Useful link - Method Putkisto website. Why not sign up for some of our weekly newsletters? The material is for general information only and does not constitute investment, tax, legal, medical or other form of advice.
You should not rely on this information to make or refrain from making any decisions. Always obtain independent, professional advice for your own particular situation. The first steps towards finding the perfect companion. Create your online dating profile in under 5 minutes.
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Any visitor could simply pick up artifacts and send them abroad. The discovery and restoration of the manuscript is in H. Primers for the prime of your life Disguise hooded eyes Hooded eyes can be disguised by using different shadow in the right places.
Robinson prints this, and it gives us some solid info on the Letters of Paul codex: The 'Coffer Illusion' derives its name from the word coffer which means a decorative sunken panel. He made seventy-two luminaries appear in the incorruptible generation, in accordance with the will of the Spirit.
The two merchants cifcles three million dollar for the dating profile layout collection. It may be a text for teaching practical mathematics. Such a unique copy needs to be owned by a library or a museum as soon as possible, to restore, publish and conserve it. Saga circles dating we sure that it is part of our Ms? Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain saga circles dating his muscular chest in new shaving advert He is our star.
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