Pictish Symbols and their Meaning

Take Me to Church Lyrics and Meaning – A Christian Analysis and Critique

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If God has a plan, do we really have free-will? First of all — solipsism instantly results in the loss of the debate because the position is so heinous irrational, and secondly because it also applies to your own position. Cancel reply Leave a Comment. What an incredibly flattering comment, Sofia! Phu Mi Bun are people who are considered to have much merit from past lives, whose influence morally affects society at large. Just a a piece of advice for anyone who would like to go to church, synagogue, or temple, just know that the root belief and religion may be the same but the people in the building are what make it those things. They hate how people hide behind god to justify their hate.

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Nevertheless, the practice of transfer of merit arose by using the ethical and psychological principles of karma and merit, and connect these with the sense of responsibility towards one's parents. But, were you there for your parents births? The Bodhisatta replies that even a bit of merit is no use to him Pali: That is why I love God so much, and why I so much would love others to know that love and peace too, I think people would treat each other much more kindly, there would not be all these wars, and hatred would be gone as there would be so much more tolerance to one another. The fact that you once believed and no longer believe is inconsequential.

In several Buddhist countries, it has been common to record merits done. In China, it was common for many centuries to keep record of someone's meritorious deeds in 'merit ledgers' pinyin: Although a belief in merit and retribution had preceded the merit ledgers by many centuries, during the Ming dynasty , through the ledgers a practice of systematic merit accumulation was established for the first time.

The merit ledgers were lists of good deeds and bad deeds, organized in the form of a calendar for users to calculate to what extent they had been practicing good deeds and avoiding bad deeds every day. The ledgers also listed the exact retributions of every number of deeds done, to the detail. Through these ledgers it was believed someone could offset bad karma. In the fourteenth century CE, the Tao master Zhao Yizhen recommended the use of the ledgers to examine oneself, to bring emotion in harmony with reason.

The association of wealth with merits done has deeply affected many Buddhist countries. It is the attachment to wealth that is an obstacle on the spiritual path, not wealth per se.

Stories illustrating these themes in vernacular Buddhist literature, have profoundly influenced popular culture in Buddhist countries. Two practices mentioned in the list of meritorious acts have been studied quite extensively by scholars: Buddhist traditions provide detailed descriptions of how this transfer proceeds. Transferring merit to another person, usually deceased relatives, is simply done by a mental wish. Despite the word transfer , the merit of the giver is in no way decreased during such an act, just like a candle used to light another candle does not diminish.

The dead relatives must also be able to sympathize with the meritorious act. If the relatives do not receive the merit, the act of transferring merit will still be beneficial for the giver himself. The transfer of merit is thus connected with the idea of rejoicing. Thus, rejoicing in others' merits, apart from being one of the ten meritorious acts mentioned, is also a prerequisite for the transferring of merit to occur. In many Buddhist countries, transferring merit is connected to the notion of an intermediate state.

The merit that is transferred to the deceased will help them to cross over safely to the next rebirth. In this way it is believed their favor can be obtained. For example, Heinz Bechert dated the Buddhist doctrine of transfer of merit in its fully developed form to the period between the fifth and seventh centuries CE.

The idea that a certain power could be transferred from one to another was known before the arising of Buddhism. A similar belief existed with regard to the energy gained by performing austerities Sanskrit: Apart from these transfers of power, a second origin is found in Brahamanical ancestor worship. In Buddhism, however, ancestor worship was discontinued, as it was believed that the dead would not reach heavenly bliss through rituals or worship, but only through the law of karma.

Nevertheless, the practice of transfer of merit arose by using the ethical and psychological principles of karma and merit, and connect these with the sense of responsibility towards one's parents. This sense of responsibility was typical for pre-Buddhist practices of ancestor worship. As for the veneration of dead ancestors, this was replaced by veneration of the Sangha.

Sree Padma and Anthony Barber note that merit transfer was well-established and a very integral part of Buddhist practice in the Andhra region of southern India. This concept has led to several Buddhist traditions focused on devotion.

Indeed, the transfer of merits has grown that important in Buddhism, that it has become a major way for Buddhism to sustain itself. In South and South-East Asia, merit-making was not only a practice for the mass, but was also practiced by the higher echelons of society. Kingship and merit-making went together. Cakravartin , the king who rules righteously and non-violently according to Dharma.

The Cakkavatti is a moral example to the people and possesses enough spiritual merit. It is through this that he earns his sovereignty, as opposed to merely inheriting it. The emperor Asoka Sanskrit: Because of these traditions, kings have had an important role in maintaining the Sangha, and publicly performed grand acts of merit, as is testified by epigraphic evidence from South and South-East Asia.

In fact, a number of kings in Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Burma have described themselves as Bodhisattas , and epithets and royal language were established accordingly. Both facilitated one another, and both needed each other. During the reform period of Rama IV, as Thai Buddhism was being modernized , the festival was dismissed as not reflecting true Buddhism.

Its popularity has greatly diminished ever since. Nevertheless, the use of merit-making by the Thai monarchy and government, to solidify their position and create unity in society, has continued until the late twentieth century. Buddhists are not in agreement with regard to the interpretation, role, and importance of merit. The role of merit-making in Buddhism has been discussed throughout Buddhist history, but much more so in the last centuries.

In the nineteenth century, during the rise of Buddhist modernism and the Communist regimes, Buddhists in South and Southeast Asia became more critical about merit-making when it became associated with magical practices, privileging, ritualism and waste of resources. During the period of religious reform and administrative centralization in the nineteenth and early twentieth century, however, Thai temples were no longer supported in this manner and had to find other ways to maintain themselves.

At the beginning of the twentieth century, perspectives of merit-making had changed again, as merit-making was being associated with capitalism and consumerism , which had been rising in South and Southeast Asia. Cousins has coined the term " ultimatism ". Studies done in the s and s in Thailand, Sri Lanka and Burma showed that a great deal of time, effort and money was invested by people in merit-making, e.

Spiro described Burma's rural economy as "geared to the overriding goal of the accumulation of wealth as a means of acquiring merit". In some studies done in rural Burma, up to thirty percent of people's income was spent on merit-making.

Some scholars have suggested that merit-making may have affected the economies of Buddhist countries in a negative way, because spending savings on the local temple would prevent consumption and investment and therefore stunt economic growth.

Other researchers have disagreed, pointing out that spending resources on a Buddhist temple does stimulate economic growth through the investment in goods for the temple. Another criticism often leveled at merit-making in modern times is that it prevents people from using their resources to help the poor and needy. Very often, however, temples do have many social roles in society, and offer help to many groups in society—resources are therefore redistributed widely.

Scholars have often connected the notion of karma to the determinism in the caste system in India. This would be the case when the poor, who cannot make much merit, resign to their fate. In traditional Buddhist societies, quick changes in position, status, or roles are therefore considered part of life, and this insecurity is a motivator in trying to improve the situation through merit-making. The idea of merit is also at the basis of the Phu Mi Bun movements as has been studied in Thailand and other Buddhist societies.

Phu Mi Bun are people who are considered to have much merit from past lives, whose influence morally affects society at large. Besides the example of the king himself, certain monks and shamans have assumed this role throughout history. In Thailand, around the turn of the twentieth century, a millennialist movement arose regarding the coming of a Phu Mi Bun , to the extent of becoming an insurgency which was suppressed by the government.

One merit-making practice that has received more scholarly attention since the s is the practice of "merit release". Merit release is a ritual of releasing animals from captivity, as a way to make merit. Merit release is a practice common in many Buddhist societies, and has since the s made a comeback in some societies. Studies done in Cambodia, Hong Kong and Taiwan have shown that the practice may not only be fatal for a high percentage of the released animals, but may also affect the survival of threatened species , create a black market for wildlife, as well as pose a threat for public hygiene.

According to the SCB, the communities have generally responded positively. In Singapore, to limit merit release on Vesak celebrations, people were fined. Despite its critics, merit release continues to grow, and has also developed new forms in western countries.

The release was planned in agreement with local lobster-men. The costly release, advertised on Facebook as The Great Rabbit Liberation of , was supported by Buddhist monastics from Singapore and the Tibetan tradition, and was based on the idea of merit-making. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the concept of merit in Hinduism, see Punya Hinduism. Thus the Buddhist's view of his present activities has a wider basis, they being but one group of incidents in an indefinitely prolonged past, present and future series.

They are, as has been said, no mere train of witnesses for or against him, but a stage in a cumulative force of tremendous power. He and his works stand in a mutual relation, somewhat like that of child to parent in the case of past works, of parent to child in the case of future works. Now no normal mother is indifferent as to whether or how she is carrying out her creative potency. Nor can any normal Buddhist not care whether his acts, wrought up hourly in their effect into his present and future character, are making a happy or a miserable successor.

And so, without any definite belief as to how, or in what realm of the universe he will re-arise as that successor to his present self, the pious Buddhist, no less than his pious brethren of other creeds, goes on giving money and effort, time and thought to good works, cheerfully believing that nothing of it can possibly forego its effect, but that it is all a piling up of merit or creative potency, to result, somewhere, somewhere, somehow, in future happiness—happiness which, though he be altruistic the while, is yet more a future asset of his, than of some one in whom he naturally is less interested than in his present self.

He believes that, because of what he is now doing, some one now in process of mental creation by him, and to all intents and purposes his future " self," will one day taste less or more of life's trials. To that embryonic character he is inextricably bound ever making or marring it, and for it he is therefore and thus far responsible. At the same time, Aung San Suu Kyi referred to the struggle for democracy as meritorious. Merit Transfer in the Early Buddhist Tradition".

New Encyclopedia of Philosophy in Russian. Brahmanical Terms in a Buddhist Guise". Retrieved 13 October The Journal of Asian Studies. Ramakrishna; Paranjpe, Anand C. Psychology in the Indian Tradition. Translated by Masefield, Peter; Jayawickrama, N. Translated by Bodhi, Bhikkhu. Buddhist Rituals of Death and Rebirth: Worldmark Encyclopedia of Religious Practices. Archived from the original PDF on 2 March Journal of the Siam Society. Philosophy East and West.

Journal of Indian Philosophy. In Buswell, Robert E. The way to Nirvana: Six lectures on ancient Buddhism as a discipline of salvation. Retrieved 13 November The Journal of Religious Ethics. An Interpretation and Defense of Buddhist Ethics. The impact of Buddhism on Chinese material culture. University Presses of California, Columbia and Princeton. Buddhism in Tibet" PDF. A Study of the Buddhist Norm. Mathes, Klaus-Dieter; Freese, Harald, eds.

Buddhism in the Past and Present in German. Asia-Africa Institute, University of Hamburg. Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Universities.

Reconfiguring religion, power and moral order in Cambodia today , Copenhagen: Buddhist devotional life in Tibet" PDF. The History of the Buddha's Relic Shrine: A Translation of the Sinhala Thupavamsa. Archaeology of Early Buddhism. In Kawamura, Leslie S. The Bodhisattva Doctrine in Buddhism. Many of you were right in recognizing the arrows as common symbols for time, same with the serpent. As a boy he studied in Egypt, Babylon and Chaldea. He was also a contemporary of Buddah and Lao Tse, so an unimaginable amount of high level wisdom, symbols, and allegory being passed around.

Which brings us to the z with 2 discs or z with serpent. Combined with our ancestors ritually using hallucinations woad being one they likely tried to draw some very complex visions with very primitive art skills. The Crescent and V-Rod is an ancient quadrant and the Z-Rod is a compound pendulum and the Picts were building recumbent stone circles and passage cairns nearly years before the first Viking tourists arrived to scratch their graffiti onto the walls.

Hey Djin i noticed you posted regarding your understanding on vikings being related to picts this is what i totally believe from my current understanding If you read this message please contact me on rickfire1 googlemail.

The Picts were Celtic, not Norse. Pictish was a Celtic language similar to Welsh. The Picts pre-Christian religion was Celtic polytheism. The Norse only came from there native homelands in Scandinavia where as the Picts were native to Scotland.

There are differences in the celtic and pict lifestyles, even in their early relations. Some of these differences between the celtic and pict are not the same between the pict and vikings. These common practices are too core to be a coincidence. There is also proof out there that the celtic and pict did not derive from the same people. What is true and what is not may never be known, thanks to religions and governments destroying and wiping out any evidence of a culture.

Many of the comments are probable. However, as well as deep meanings, remember the Inuit have marker stones for safe ice drinking water. The Aboriginals have stones marking water holes And in Africa and some ancient Native American communities marked water, food and other things with marks, for example a wooden spoon denotes water, certain berries hanging or moose bones, mean they are found here etc. But at the same time could have been also offerings for gratitude.

So, Pictish symbols may also be sign-posts and religious symbols,at the same time. Jennifer February 6, at 5: The Monster of Morar? This could be the serpent like symbol on the Pictish stones. The story goes back thousands of years before Nessie and I was taught about it in school before I knew of Nessie The origins of the Clan system were most likely the different Pictish kingdoms. Greek fire was more likely Pictish fire the Romans learned that.

Take this into consideration Scotland then was covered in the Caledonian forest which was made up of mostly Scots Pine. The fire that burned more when you threw water on to it was believed to be made from mainly highly flammable Pine resin. Scots Pine trees are full of resin. There are hill forts allover Scotland that have signs of vitrification built long before the Romans existed as a force.

We are now finding Picitsh symbols all the way down to the Border with England. A lot of us who have researched this have known this already and had no doubt that the Picts build the Brochs which were a sign of their genius. The Picts died out? Rubbish most Scots are Picts all that changed was religion aka Christianity which has a lot to answer for. Their is Pictish stones were I live south of the Clyde and Forth.

Since Scotland has had its own Parliament again our history is very much on the agenda and we have only scratched the surface. Scotland is one of the most ancient cultures and civilisations on this planet. I am not certain how you define cultures ans civilizations but there are defining characterization of both. If you mean to say there were people in Scotland from an early time period, you should be more explicit. So sorry, but African cultures and civilizations have been around the longest- see art at the Blombos Cave, etc.

There were trading civilizations with buildings and temples underwater off the coast of India dating older than 10, BC, and the Chinese were making pottery at 10, BC Europeans baking clay figurines at 25,, tho. Armenian caves with some textile making at 35, BC, and beer and wine making around 8,? Please let me know if I missed something about my beloved Scotland. That is one of the most ridiculous comments ever.

We know virtually nothing about human cultures prior to 3, BC. Note I did not say this, or any other culture was the oldest, and Archaeology does give us some ideas about cultures older than 3, BC. If you read many of the latest sources on the history of Great Britain, and the genetics of people there, you will read about the Mesolithic structures being Pre-Celtic.

Most modern theory of the Picts, that they were Mesolithic people who later intermarried with the Scots to fight the Romans. This makes sense with what little I have read. Furthermore, there is newer released evidence of Neanderthal civilizations and how much further advanced they really were.

To say there was not human life in Scotland during the ice age, imo, is at the very least, naive. We know that Neanderthals were not completely wiped out. Basically, what happened to the Neanderthals is what happened to the Picts.

They were absorbed by other humans lol. Until they completely link us all genetically, there will always be questions and differences of opinions. One thing is for sure, Picts have been a civilized people in Scotland for thousands of years before any other races of humanoids stepped foot on the highlands. Djin May 19, at 7: I have also discovered the origin of some of the pictish symbols in viking artwork for example the half moon sign is a yoke for oxen, meaning they owned a farm, the v rod indicates a furnace for metal working and the linked double disc is the symbol for a cart all can be found in viking artwork.

Hi Djin, dont you mean the Vikings were later tribes of Picts? The Picts were about long before the Vikings.

They were known to be masters of the Sea long before the Vikings existed this was recorded by the Greeks and Egyptians who called them the Pretanikke or Pretanae and feared their Navy. I would say more in thought though than artwork or symbolism. To say they were mercenaries is just wrong the Picts or whatever they called themselves are the original inhabitants of Scotland and they go back a hell of a long time. The Brochs were no doubt built by the Picts this is hardly in keeping with the label mercenaries.

It would have taken a very structured and sophisticated network to have linked up all of Scotland and its islands in their era. Im Istvan Vallus from Hungary. I have gauls ancestors from Treveri tribe. I researching ancient Celtic roots seventh years. My logic of these signs are clearly explained this symbols going from the Carpathian Basin is a 10, annual cultural relics. Now I make a studie: What mean the Pictish symbols!!!

The orientation of the double discs and zrod is normally from right to left with the earth on the right and the underworld on the left, just as the sun is born every morning in the east and dies every night in the west, explaining why the discs are often solar in appearance.

It seems that the end of the z pointing down is a seed and the end pointing up is a plant.

Imsges: meaning of dating bases

meaning of dating bases

One of my favorite passages is Matthew 7. FYI, I was baptized and raised Catholic. And I am in the US, where the study was conducted.

meaning of dating bases

When people begin loosing an argument or have nothing substantial to back their point up with, they always start attacking the person. These are considered an addition to the traditional list and can help protect against calamities or other negative events caused by bad karma.

meaning of dating bases

Religion should be meaning of dating bases in the home, along basfs all belief systems. In several Buddhist countries, it has been common to record merits done. Let me start with a very common misconception: We see this often enough in our own lives. I wondered how my friend coped with it all.