Spurred by the investment after the bomb, and aided by the XVII Commonwealth Games , Manchester's city centre has undergone extensive regeneration. Be it a hybrid or a volt system, Trailhawk implies it'll be widely available. Retrieved 30 September Visit Manchester web pages. There is also a chamber orchestra , the Manchester Camerata.
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Ceremonial county of Greater Manchester. Summer daytime temperatures regularly top 20 Celsius, typically reaching 25 Celsius on sunny days throughout July and August in particular. Retrieved 25 March As charming as the mustachioed face may be, it didn't do anything to set the car apart. The Roman habitation of Manchester probably ended around the 3rd century; its civilian settlement appears to have been abandoned by the mid-3rd century, although the fort may have supported a small garrison until the late 3rd or early 4th century. This was an increase of 7,, or 1.
Controversial plans for 84 new homes back on the table 2. Snow and ice warning issued for East Lancashire 8. Cannabis farm discovered by police in Oswaldtwistle 5. Dangerous drink-driver rammed police car in high-speed chase Road safety scheme planned for 'one of most dangerous roads in Hyndburn' 6. Town's library reopens after long battle. Speeding hotspots in Oswaldtwistle get indicators installed to increase safety 1.
Vermin worries after 'dangerous and disgusting' fly-tipping in Oswaldtwistle Oswaldtwistle library reopening this month 1. Two men in court over nut allergy death of Megan Lee after takeaway. Oswaldtwistle's last pet shop will close on Christmas Eve Final fundraising call for runner in year-long mission for family friend. Inside town centre's new micropub 4. Shoplifter who left woman terrified after forcing way into her home avoids jail. Appeal to find man after mobile phone is stolen.
Church to open doors to feed the needy on Christmas Day 2. Fundraising call to send seriously ill five-year-old boy on dream holiday to Disney 2.
MP sets up petition to stop closure of town's last bank Concerns raised over proposals to turn former allotment into caravan site 9. Community team set up to tackle long-running speed issues and stop 'boy racers' Elderly couple 'traumatised' after shots at their window 8. Children busy getting into festive spirit for their annual Christmas plays. Volunteer call as reopening date for library confirmed 6.
Today the city is well served by the rail network,  and is at the centre of an extensive countywide railway network, including the West Coast Main Line , with two mainline stations: Manchester Piccadilly and Manchester Victoria. Manchester became the first city in the UK to acquire a modern light rail tram system when the Manchester Metrolink opened in The city has one of the most extensive bus networks outside London with over 50 bus companies operating in the Greater Manchester region radiating from the city.
The airport is the third busiest in the United Kingdom and the largest outside the London region. Airline services exist to many destinations in Europe, North America, the Caribbean , Africa, the Middle East and Asia with more destinations from Manchester than any other airport in Britain. The airport has the highest rating available: A smaller airfield, City Airport Manchester , also exists 9.
It was Manchester's first municipal airport , and became the site of the first Air traffic control tower in the UK, and the first municipal airfield in the UK to be licensed by the Air Ministry. An extensive canal network, including the Manchester Ship Canal , was built to carry freight from the Industrial Revolution onward; the canals are still maintained, though now largely repurposed to leisure use.
Previously, notable Manchester acts of the s include The Hollies , Herman's Hermits , and Davy Jones of the Monkees famed in the mids for not only their albums but also their American TV show and the earlier Bee Gees , who grew up in Chorlton.
Singer-songwriter Ren Harvieu is also from Greater Manchester. Its main pop music venue is the Manchester Arena , which was voted "International Venue of the Year" in There is also a chamber orchestra , the Manchester Camerata. Manchester is a centre for musical education, with the Royal Northern College of Music , which celebrates its 40th Anniversary since its merger, and Chetham's School of Music.
Brass band music, a tradition in the north of England, is an important part of Manchester's musical heritage;  some of the UK's leading bands, such as the CWS Manchester Band and the Fairey Band , are from Manchester and surrounding areas, and the Whit Friday brass band contest takes place annually in the neighbouring areas of Saddleworth and Tameside.
Manchester has a thriving theatre, opera and dance scene, and is home to a number of large performance venues, including the Manchester Opera House , which feature large-scale touring shows and West End productions; the Palace Theatre ; and the Royal Exchange Theatre in Manchester's former cotton exchange, the largest theatre in the round space in the UK.
Smaller performance spaces include the Contact Theatre and Z-arts in Hulme. The Dancehouse on Oxford Road is dedicated to dance productions. Housing two theatre spaces, five cinemas and an art exhibition space, it replaced the Cornerhouse and The Library Theatre. Since the city has hosted the Manchester International Festival , a biennial international arts festival with a specific focus on original new work, which has included major new commissions by artists including Bjork.
Manchester's museums celebrate Manchester's Roman history, rich industrial heritage and its role in the Industrial Revolution , the textile industry , the Trade Union movement, women's suffrage and football. A reconstructed part of the Roman fort of Mamucium is open to the public in Castlefield. The Museum of Science and Industry , housed in the former Liverpool Road railway station , has a large collection of steam locomotives , industrial machinery, aircraft and a replica of the world's first stored computer program known as The Baby.
The municipally owned Manchester Art Gallery on Mosley Street houses a permanent collection of European painting, and has one of Britain's most significant collections of Pre-Raphaelite paintings.
In the south of the city, the Whitworth Art Gallery displays modern art, sculpture and textiles and was recently voted Museum of the Year in The works of Stretford -born painter L. Lowry , known for his "matchstick" paintings of industrial Manchester and Salford, can be seen in both the city and Whitworth Manchester galleries, and at the Lowry art centre in Salford Quays in the neighbouring borough of Salford devotes a large permanent exhibition to his works.
These included Elizabeth Gaskell 's novel Mary Barton: The library was founded in and lays claim to being the oldest public library in the English-speaking world.
Elsewhere in the city, the John Rylands Library holds an extensive collection of early printing. The Rylands Library Papyrus P52 , believed to be the earliest extant New Testament text, is on permanent display in the library. Charles Dickens is reputed to have set his novel Hard Times in the city, and while it is partly modelled on Preston , it shows the influence of his friend Mrs Gaskell.
Also closely associated with the city is Victorian poet and novelist Isabella Banks , most famed for her novel The Manchester Man. Anthony Burgess is among the 20th century writers who made Manchester their home, he wrote the dystopian satire A Clockwork Orange in The night-time economy of Manchester has expanded significantly since about , with investment from breweries in bars, public houses and clubs, along with active support from the local authorities.
Many of the big clubs suffered problems with organised crime at that time; Haslam describes one where staff were so completely intimidated that free admission and drinks were demanded and given and drugs were openly dealt. In , Manchester was often referred to as Madchester for its rave scene.
Known for developing many talented s influential acts, it also influenced the graphic design industry via Factory artists such as Peter Saville PSA , Octavo 8vo , Central Design Station, etc. The memorabilia from this club holds a high value among collectors and fans of these artists and the club. Peter Saville was most notable for his minimalistic influence that still affects contemporary graphic design everywhere. Since the opening of new bars and clubs, the area attracts 20, visitors each weekend  and has hosted a popular festival, Manchester Pride , each August since There are three universities in the City of Manchester.
The University of Manchester is the largest full-time non-collegiate university in the United Kingdom and was created in by the merger of Victoria University of Manchester founded in and UMIST , founded in ,  though the university's logo appears to claim it was established in Manchester Metropolitan University was formed as Manchester Polytechnic on the merger of three colleges in The three Universities are grouped around Oxford Road on the southern side of the city centre, which forms Europe's largest urban higher education precinct.
One of Manchester's most notable secondary schools is the Manchester Grammar School. Established in ,  as a free grammar school next to what is now the Cathedral, it moved in to Old Hall Lane in Fallowfield, south Manchester, to accommodate the growing student body.
In the post-war period, it was a direct grant grammar school i. There are three schools nearby: The LEA also had the highest occurrence of absences, with Manchester is well known for being a city of sport. The City of Manchester Stadium was initially built as the main athletics stadium for the Commonwealth Games and was subsequently reconfigured into a football stadium before Manchester City's arrival.
Manchester has hosted domestic, continental and international football competitions at Fallowfield Stadium , Maine Road , Old Trafford and the City of Manchester Stadium. The Manchester Velodrome was built as a part of the bid for the games and has become a catalyst for British success in cycling. Manchester also hosted the World Squash Championships in ,  and also hosted the World Lacrosse Championship in July Although its influence has waned Granada had been described as 'the best commercial television company in the world'.
Manchester was one of the BBC 's three main centres in England. Quays News and Manchester. The city will also have a new terrestrial channel from January when YourTV Manchester, who won the OFCOM licence bid in February begins its first broadcast but in when That's Manchester took over to air on 31 May and launched on the freeview channel 8 service slot before moving to channel 7 in April The Guardian newspaper was founded in as The Manchester Guardian.
Its head office is still in the city, though many of its management functions were moved to London in It is free in the city centre on Thursdays and Fridays, but paid for in the suburbs. Despite its title, it is available all day. The MEN group distributes several local weekly free papers. Only The Daily Sport remains based in Manchester. At its height, 1, journalists were employed, though in the s office closures began and today the "second Fleet Street" is no more.
Manchester has formal twinning arrangements or "friendship agreements" with several places. Manchester is home to the largest group of consuls in the UK outside London. The expansion of international trade links during the Industrial Revolution led to the introduction of the first consuls in the s and since then over , from all parts of the world, have been based in Manchester.
Manchester hosts consular services for most of the north of England. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the city of Manchester in England. For the larger conurbation, see Greater Manchester Built-up Area.
For the wider metropolitan county, see Greater Manchester. For the city in the U. For other uses, see Manchester disambiguation. Timeline of Manchester history. Manchester from Kersal Moor , by William Wyld in , a view now dominated by chimney stacks as a consequence of the Industrial Revolution. Politics in Manchester and Manchester City Council.
Geography of Greater Manchester. North West Green Belt. Demography of Greater Manchester. Religion Not Stated 6. List of companies based in Greater Manchester. List of people from Manchester. Popular music of Manchester , List of music artists and bands from Manchester , and Madchester.
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