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Trinity College Dublin Students' Union. Patrick's Close, Dublin 8 Official site: The Dublin Fire Brigade is run by the city council on behalf of the three other local authorities in the urban area. It also has conference and banqueting facilities. It houses Irelands biggest individual Swimming Lessons programme over 2, participants weekly , has over 5,
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The Iveagh Gardens are among the finest and least known of Dublin's park and gardens. The city had a population of 21, in before a plague in —51 wiped out almost half of the city's inhabitants. The Grand Canal was constructed to the south and the Royal Canal to the north of these peripheral roads; both canals enter the Liffey at the harbour entrance and both connect with the River Shannon. Trinity College has a tradition of student publications, ranging from the serious to the satirical. DIT specialises in engineering, architecture, sciences, health, journalism, digital media, hospitality and business but also offers art, design, music and humanities programmes.
Several industrial estates, however, were built in the suburbs around the city and, with the help of government grants and general economic improvement in the s, attracted new enterprises, notably information technology, electronics, chemicals, engineering, and financial services firms.
In addition to the major clearing banks, all of which have their main offices in Dublin, there has been a rapid increase in the number of other banks, principally from EU countries. The Irish Stock Exchange, an integral part of the British Stock Exchange system, is also located in central Dublin and is one of the oldest such markets in the world, trading continuously since Traffic through the port of Dublin has grown steadily since the s. It began the regeneration of the docks as a flourishing business and residential area.
Millions of tourists flock to Dublin annually, and the city has responded with new hotels, events, activities, and transport systems. The city council has prime responsibility for traffic management in Dublin.
Major roads are a national responsibility, but this inevitably has a great effect on the capital. A tram system from St. City bus services provide extensive service. Dublin is the headquarters for government departments, their advisory committees, and associated agencies. The judiciary is based at the Four Courts. More than 40 countries maintain embassies, and several others are represented by consuls, both honorary and professional.
The Dublin Regional Authority coordinates the plans, reviews the budgets, and monitors the spending of EU funds by the three counties and Dublin City Council formerly Dublin Corporation.
The council is the largest local authority in Ireland, consisting of more than 50 councillors elected every five years by proportional representation. The council is led by a lord mayor chosen annually by the councillors from among themselves. The lord mayor chairs meetings, but the role is otherwise principally ceremonial; a city manager performs the executive functions. Police services are a national responsibility, and Ireland is divided into six police regions.
The city is home to numerous parks. Landscaped in , they include a maze, archery grounds, woodland, fountains, a grotto, and a cascade.
The National Botanic Gardens in Glasnevin to the north of the city contain some 20, different plants. The Dublin Fire Brigade is run by the city council on behalf of the three other local authorities in the urban area. The brigade also provides an emergency ambulance service for the Greater Dublin area, and several fire stations have ambulances that operate. In the Health Boards system responsible for providing national health care was abolished.
Dublin is divided into two HSE regions. The regions have their own public health ambulance service. There are several private ambulance services, including air ambulances. Dublin contains numerous public and private hospitals, including four university hospitals—the Mater Misericordiae, Beaumont, St. The Mater is associated with University College Dublin and is the national centre for cardiothoracic surgery.
Beaumont Hospital, opened in , is the principal undergraduate and postgraduate teaching and research centre associated with the Royal College, whose campus it shares. It is the national centre for neurosurgery. It possesses the largest collection of publications in Ireland, including the early 9th-century Book of Kells and the midth-century Book of Leinster , both lavishly illustrated religious manuscripts.
In fact, the college was among the most liberal in the British Isles. In the 18th century, while Roman Catholics were barred by law from taking degrees, they could still attend the college.
The Catholic Relief Act enabled Catholics to take degrees but not to have full standing. All such religious exclusions were dropped in University College Dublin, established as the Catholic University of Ireland in the s and now a constituent college of the National University of Ireland, is the largest campus in Ireland, with more than 20, students.
Also in the city are a number of other institutions of higher education , including colleges of technology, teacher-training colleges, and specialized vocational colleges.
Pagan Viking raiders from Scandinavia established a stronghold on the southern bank of the river Liffey in the ninth century, which eventually formed the nucleus of the city and kingdom of Dublin roughly coterminous with the modern county of the same name. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval.
Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions. Our editors will review what you've submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we'll add it to the article. The River Liffey, which flows into the harbor, slices the city in two. Several bridges span the north-south divide, the most famous of which is O'Connell Bridge.
Pre-independence Dublin was once the second city of the British Empire, the graceful Georgian architecture and picturesque parks bearing testament to a troubled legacy. Ireland's capital has given the world such renowned literary figures as Yeats, Beckett, Joyce, Shaw, and Wilde. Although Dublin sprawls rather than soars, the city center is easily explored on-foot and a convenient transport network takes you wherever you wish to go. Where to Stay in Dublin. Trinity College is probably the best spot to kick off your Dublin tour.
It's at the heart of the capital, packed full of incredible history, and it's the oldest university in Ireland having been founded in by Queen Elizabeth I. Occupying an enviable acre site, Trinity retains some of its ancient seclusion of cobbled squares, gardens, and parks and is famed throughout the world for its collection of great treasures. These include, on permanent exhibition, the 9th century illuminated manuscript, the Book of Kells , the Books of Durrow and Armagh, and an ancient Irish harp.
The priceless artefacts are displayed in the Treasury and the awe-inspiring 18th-century Long Room, which houses more than , of Trinity's oldest books and hosts regular literary exhibitions.
Trinity is a haven in an otherwise bustling area. Entering through a timber-tiled archway, you are instantly brought back in time. The immaculate green lawns, 18th- and 19th-century buildings, and cobbled pathway are reminiscent of a more gentile age and ooze a sense of hushed academia.
It's best to time your visit as buildings open to the public can become crowded during peak season. As well as taking in the must-see sights do make time to relax and simply enjoy the atmosphere. A short southerly stroll from Trinity College takes you down towards Dublin's premier shopping location, Grafton Street. A statue of Molly Malone sits at the bottom of the street, so it's impossible to miss. This eclectic stretch buzzes morning, noon, and night and is a magnet for buskers, from classical quartets to traditional fiddle players and singer-songwriters.
Many famed bands and musicians have given impromptu performances here, including Bono of U2. Aside from buskers, you will find a broad range of boutiques, jewelers, and department stores including upmarket Brown Thomas. If on a shopping spree it's well worth taking a slight diversion to the arty Powerscourt Townhouse Centre with its designer shops and trendy places to eat.
Georgian buildings surround 'the Green' as it's known locally , although some sadly fell by the wayside during redevelopment, mainly in the s, 70s, and 80s. The acre park is a Dublin gem and an oasis of calm away from the hustle and bustle of downtown city life.
When weather permits, you should do as the locals do and stretch out on the grass for some rest and relaxation, or grab a picnic lunch. Immaculate flowerbeds fringe the lawns. Also in the park is an ornate fountain at its center, a bridge over a duck pond, and a children's playground.
Incidentally, the park was the scene of bitter combat during the Uprising, however it was agreed by both sides that hostilities should cease while the park-keeper fed the ducks.
Open all year Mon-Sat 7. A couple of minutes stroll from Fusilier's Arch, at the top of Dawson Street is a must-see for those interested in how Dublin and its people lived their lives and evolved over the past century.
James Joyce once famously said, 'in the particular is contained the universal,' which neatly sums up the ethos of this treasure trove. In the minutiae of people's belongings, history is indeed writ large.
Opened in following an appeal for mementos and artefacts, the museum has gone from strength to strength and now hosts an array of temporary exhibitions and events as well as permanent installations, including a U2 retrospective with exhibits donated by band members. Other treats include the lectern used by John F. Kennedy when he addressed both houses of the Irish Parliament Oireachtas in June The parliament building was once known as Kildare House after James Fitzgerald, the Earl of Kildare, who commissioned its construction in and set out to create a grand Georgian mansion to reflect his loft social status.
When he became Duke of Leinster in , the house was renamed Leinster House. On the opposite side is a branch of the National Museum of Ireland Archaeology with outstanding permanent exhibitions including Ireland's Gold, Prehistoric Ireland, the Viking Collection, and the Treasury, including the magnificent Ardagh Chalice.
If you're interested in literature you should visit the National Library close by, which has a permanent W. National Library exhibitions - Open Monday-Wednesday 9. Housing the finest collection of Irish art in the world alongside an outstanding collection of European art from the Middle Ages to the present day, this is a must-see while in the capital. The gallery opened in with wings being added in , , and most recently, Exit the National Gallery's main portal and you're on Merrion Square.
Made up of stately private houses and offices, this is arguably Dublin's grandest Georgian square and stars in countless images and postcards of the city.
At its center is a pretty park with a vibrant statue of that most colorful writer and renowned Dublin wit, Oscar Wilde. An amiable stroll around the square is a journey back in time to the Georgian era. You may notice that the top windows in many buildings are smaller than those lower down. This was done in order to create an optical illusion, that of the houses being taller than they really are. At weekends, local artists line the perimeter of the park and display their paintings on the railings.
The failed Uprising began here and bullet holes still dot the neo-classical portico. The first phase of a proposed eastern bypass for the city is the Dublin Port Tunnel , which officially opened in to mainly cater for heavy vehicles. The city is also surrounded by an inner and outer orbital route. The inner orbital route runs approximately around the heart of the Georgian city and the outer orbital route runs primarily along the natural circle formed by Dublin's two canals, the Grand Canal and the Royal Canal , as well as the North and South Circular Roads.
The TomTom Traffic Index ranked Dublin the 15th most congested city in the world and the 7th most congested in Europe.
Dublin is served by a network of nearly bus routes which cover the city and suburbs. The majority of these are controlled by Dublin Bus , but a number of smaller companies also operate. Fares are generally calculated on a stage system based on distance travelled. There are several different levels of fares, which apply on most services. Electronically displayed signs relay information about the time of the next bus' arrival based on its GPS determined position. Heuston and Connolly stations are the two main railway stations in Dublin.
The Luas is a light rail system, run by Transdev Ireland under contract from Transport Infrastructure Ireland , and has been operating since , carrying over 34 million passengers annually. Together these lines comprise a total 67 stations and The airport offers a short and medium haul network, as well as domestic services to several regional airports in Ireland.
Dublin Airport is the busiest airport in Ireland, followed by Cork and Shannon. Construction of a second terminal began in and was officially opened on 19 November In , Dublin Airport was the 18th busiest airport in Europe, serving over 21 million passengers. In and , transatlantic traffic grew somewhat. For example, in the summer of , Dublin Airport had flights a week to North America, making it the sixth largest European hub for that route over the year.
From to , Dublin Airport saw an increase of nearly 9. Dublinbikes is a self-service bicycle rental scheme which has been in operation in Dublin since Sponsored by JCDecaux and Just Eat , the scheme consists of French-made unisex bicycles stationed at 44 terminals throughout the city centre. Users must make a subscription for either an annual Long Term Hire Card or purchase a three-day ticket.
The Census revealed that 5. Dublin is one of the primary centres of education in Ireland, and is home to three universities, Dublin Institute of Technology and a number of other higher education institutions. There are 20 third-level institutes in the city and in surrounding towns and suburbs.
Dublin was European Capital of Science in The University of Dublin is the oldest university in Ireland dating from the 16th century, and is located in the city centre. It was closed to Roman Catholics until Catholic Emancipation , and the Catholic hierarchy then banned Roman Catholics from attending until It is situated in the city centre, on College Green , and has 15, students.
Founded in , it is now the largest university in Ireland. With a continuous history dating back to , Dublin's principal, and Ireland's largest, institution for technological education and research, Dublin Institute of Technology DIT has over 23, students. DIT specialises in engineering, architecture, sciences, health, journalism, digital media, hospitality and business but also offers art, design, music and humanities programmes.
It has commenced consolidation to a new campus in Grangegorman. Stephen's Green in the city centre. The Institute of European Affairs is also in Dublin.
The Irish public administration and management training centre has its base in Dublin, the Institute of Public Administration provides a range of undergraduate and post graduate awards via the National University of Ireland and in some instances, Queen's University Belfast.
The western suburb of Blanchardstown offers childcare and sports management courses along with languages and technical subjects at the Institute of Technology, Blanchardstown. Together, the four areas form the traditional County Dublin.
This area is sometimes known as the Dublin Region. The population of the administrative area controlled by the City Council was , in the census, while the population of the urban area was 1,, The area's population is expanding rapidly, and it is estimated by the Central Statistics Office that it will reach 2. Since the late s, Dublin has experienced a significant level of net immigration , with the greatest numbers coming from the European Union, especially the United Kingdom, Poland and Lithuania.
Dublin is home to a greater proportion of newer arrivals than any other part of the country. Sixty percent of Ireland's Asian population lives in Dublin. The capital attracts the largest proportion of non-Catholic migrants from other countries. Increased secularisation in Ireland has prompted a drop in regular Catholic church attendance in Dublin from over 90 percent in the mids down to 14 percent according to a survey. It is also the location of key and notable works of James Joyce , including Ulysses , which is set in Dublin and includes much topical detail.
Dubliners is a collection of short stories by Joyce about incidents and typical characters of the city during the early 20th century. Other renowned writers include J. The Gaiety specialises in musical and operatic productions, and also opens its doors after the evening theatre production to host a variety of live music, dancing, and films.
The Abbey was founded in by a group that included Yeats with the aim of promoting indigenous literary talent. It went on to provide a breakthrough for some of the city's most famous writers, such as Synge , Yeats himself and George Bernard Shaw. Apart from being the focus of the country's literature and theatre, Dublin is also the focal point for much of Irish art and the Irish artistic scene.
The Chester Beatty Library houses a collection of manuscripts, miniature paintings, prints, drawings, rare books and decorative arts assembled by American mining millionaire and honorary Irish citizen Sir Alfred Chester Beatty — Three branches of the National Museum of Ireland are located in Dublin: Dublinia is a living history attraction showcasing the Viking and Medieval history of the city.
Dublin has long had an 'underground' arts scene, with Temple Bar hosting artists in the s, and spaces such as the Project Arts Centre acting as a hub for collectives and new exhibitions. The Guardian noted that Dublin's independent and underground arts flourished during the economic recession of c.
Dublin was shortlisted to be World Design Capital The best known area for nightlife is Temple Bar , south of the River Liffey. The area has become popular among tourists, including stag and hen parties from Britain. However, it has been criticised as overpriced, false and dirty by Lonely Planet.
The two best known cinemas in the city centre are the Savoy Cinema and the Cineworld Cinema, both north of the Liffey. Large modern multiscreen cinemas are located across suburban Dublin. The 3Arena venue in the Dublin Docklands has played host to many world-renowned performers. Dublin city centre is a popular shopping destination for both locals and tourists.
The city has numerous shopping districts, particularly around Grafton Street and Henry Street. The city centre is also the location of large department stores, including Arnotts , Brown Thomas and prior to its closure Clerys. The city retains a thriving market culture, despite new shopping developments and the loss of some traditional market sites. Amongst several historic locations, Moore Street remains one of the city's oldest trading districts. Dublin is the centre of both media and communications in Ireland, with many newspapers, radio stations, television stations and telephone companies based there.
The headquarters of An Post and telecommunications companies such as Eir , as well as mobile operators Meteor , Vodafone and 3 are all located there.
Dublin is also the headquarters of national newspapers such as The Irish Times and Irish Independent , as well as local newspapers such as The Evening Herald. Commercial radio stations based in the city include 4fm There are also numerous community and special interest stations, including Dublin City FM Croke Park is the largest sport stadium in Ireland.
The headquarters of the Gaelic Athletic Association , it has a capacity of 82, Muhammad Ali fought there in and it played host to the opening and closing ceremonies of the Special Olympics. It also has conference and banqueting facilities. There is a GAA Museum there and tours of the stadium are offered, including a rooftop walk of the stadium.
During the redevelopment of Lansdowne Road , Croke Park played host to the Irish Rugby Union Team and Republic of Ireland national football team as well as hosting the Heineken Cup rugby —09 semi-final between Munster and Leinster which set a world record attendance for a club rugby match.
Stadium Lansdowne Road was laid out in This was the venue for home games of both the Irish Rugby Union Team and the Republic of Ireland national football team. County Dublin is home for 13 of the senior rugby union clubs in Ireland including 5 of the 10 sides in the top division 1A. C play at Dalymount Park , the oldest football stadium in the country, and home ground for the Ireland football team from to College Park has Test status and played host to Ireland's only Test cricket match to date, a women's match against Pakistan in The Dublin Marathon has been run since at the end of October, having been staged on the final Monday in October from to , before moving to the final Sunday in and The Women's Mini Marathon has been run since on the first Monday in June, which is also a bank holiday in Ireland.
It is said to be the largest all female event of its kind in the world. The Dublin area hosts greyhound racing at Shelbourne Park and horse racing at Leopardstown.
The National Basketball Arena is located in Tallaght, is the home of the Irish basketball team , the venue for the basketball league finals, and has also hosted boxing and wrestling events. There are also Gaelic Handball , hockey and athletics stadia, most notably Morton Stadium in Santry , which held the athletics events of the Special Olympics.
Haute cuisine in Dublin was dominated by French restaurants and chefs. The Dublin Institute of Technology commenced a bachelor's degree in culinary skills in Many awarded restaurants have Irish head chefs. Historically, Irish coffee house were associated with those working in media. There may be also up to another 10, Gaeltacht speakers living in Dublin. Many other radio stations in the city broadcast at least an hour of Irish language programming per week.
A number of Irish language agencies are also located in the capital. Conradh na Gaeilge offers language classes, has a book shop and is a meeting place for different groups. Dublin is twinned with the following places: The city is also in talks to twin with Rio de Janeiro ,  and Mexican city Guadalajara. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the capital of Ireland. For other uses, see Dublin disambiguation. For the village in Scotland, see Hurlford.
Other names of Dublin. History of Dublin and Timeline of Dublin. List of public art in Dublin.
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Blanchardstown Centre Blanchardstown, Dublin 15 01 www.
During the last quarter of the 20th century, however, central city areas began to lose population, while new suburbs southwest and north of Dublin grew. In , Forbes ranked the it as one of the 15 most beautiful college grounds in the world. The academic year is divided into three terms.
The lord mayor chairs meetings, but the role dublin dating scene otherwise principally ceremonial; a city manager dublin dating scene the executive functions. Buses to venue 94040bscenr Stephens Green between Harcourt Street and Earlsfort Asexual dating canada, secluded from the city noise and bustle. Office of Public Works. For the village in Scotland, see Hurlford.