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He succeeded his father as Earl of Angus. The Liber Pluscardensis records the marriage in of the second daughter of " Alanus de Galway filius Rotholandi de Galway " and " Johannes de Balliolo " []. He was killed in battle against William "the Lion" King of Scotland.

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If this is correct, Fergus was not the same person as the unnamed brother who was killed in , as Roland is named in the document as constable, an appointment which he assumed after the death of William de Morville in However, Balfour Paul refers to a charter " noted in an old Inventory of Oliphant writs, made about , and preserved in the General Register House " which states that King Alexander II granted " the erledom of South Kaythnes " to " Magnus sone to Gylcryst sum tyme erle of Angus " [26]. The lordships of Galloway and of the Isles were semi-autonomous regions which at first did not recognise the suzerainty of the Scottish crown. Her first marriage is confirmed by the undated charter under which her son " Seherus de Quency comes Wintonie " donated " totam terram de Duglyn ", held by " Nesus filius Willelmi avus meus " to Cambuskenneth priory []. Kirkcaldy is also known as the birthplace of social philosopher and economist Adam Smith , [8] who wrote his magnum opus The Wealth of Nations in the town. He was created Earl of Moray in

A charter granted in by David II , King of Scots reigned —71 , awarded the burgh the right to trade across the regality of Dunfermline. This charter allowed the burgesses of Kirkcaldy to purchase and sell goods to the burgesses of the three other regality burghs— Queensferry , Dunfermline and Musselburgh —that belonged to the Abbey. A charter issued by Charles I granting royal burgh status in led to the full independence of the town.

As a gesture, the king gave 8. For most of the 19th century, the main industries in the town were flax spinning and linen weaving. The expansion of the town led in to the extension of the royal burgh's boundaries. The town absorbed its neighbouring settlements of Linktown, in the parish of Abbotshall; Invertiel in the parish of Kinghorn; and Pathhead, Sinclairtown and Gallatown in the parish of Dysart.

During the s and s, new housing estates were built north-west of the town. The production of linoleum continues, though on a greatly reduced scale, under Swiss ownership [12] Forbo Holding AG.

Kirkcaldy Harbour, which closed in , re-opened in October to cargo ships. The grant of feu-ferme status in the middle of the 15th century meant that the town could deal with its own administrative issues and fiscal policies for the first time. The head courts of the burghs met either in the common muir now known as Volunteers' Green or in the Tolbooth on Tolbooth Street, particularly in the summer months.

Kirkcaldy enjoyed royal burgh status until this rank was abolished in under the Local Government Scotland Act , in favour of a three-tier system of regions and districts.

The district council was abolished in under the Local Government etc Scotland Act [40] when the region became a unitary council area. The new Fife Council adopted the areas of the former districts as council management areas and created area committees to represent each. Kirkcaldy is represented by several tiers of elected government. It is divided into six community council areas: Of these, only Dysart, Kirkcaldy North and Kirkcaldy West have active community councils , which form the lowest tier, and whose statutory role is to communicate local opinion to local and central government.

Fife Council, based in Glenrothes , the unitary local authority for Kirkcaldy, is the executive, deliberative , and legislative body responsible for local governance. Robert Ferguson of Raith was re-elected as Member of Parliament. Kirkcaldy forms part of the Kirkcaldy constituency of the Scottish Parliament or Holyrood , and is one of nine within the Mid Scotland and Fife electoral region.

Each constituency elects one Member of the Scottish Parliament by the first—past—the—post system of election, and the region elects seven additional members to produce a form of proportional representation. Kirkcaldy curves around a sandy cove between the Tiel West Burn to the south and the East Burn to the north, on a bay facing southeast onto the Firth of Forth.

Historians are not sure where the medieval centre of Kirkcaldy was located, but it may have been at the corner of Kirk Wynd and the High Street. On the sea side of the High Street, plots may have served as beaching grounds for individual tenements. The plots on the other side of the High Street rose steeply to the terracing of the Lomond foothills.

The small burns that are tributaries to the East Burn contributed to the draining of the lands of Dunnikier Estate. The burn emerges from a deep-set culvert to flow under the Victoria Viaduct , down a deep gorge , through the site of Hutchison's Flour Mills before running parallel to the harbour wall and into the sea.

The mill owners in Linktown also made use of the burn. Towards the end of the sixteenth century, a detailed assessment on the size of the townscape was carried out. At the beginning of the eighteenth century, the population declined. By the time of the census, the figure stood at 49, According to the Census in , the census locality of Kirkcaldy has a total resident population of 46, representing The place of birth of the town's residents was In more than 7, people claimed benefits in the Kirkcaldy area; around 90 fewer than in but more than the pre- recession average for The first industries to develop in the town were coal mining and salt panning, which date back to the early sixteenth century.

The production of heavy canvas was started in by Michael Nairn at a small factory. Approximately 22, people work in the Kirkcaldy area, the majority of which are in Kirkcaldy itself and to a lesser degree in Burntisland. Other important economic sectors in the Kirkcaldy area are retailing and construction with moderate levels of jobs in financial and business services. The work included new silos and conveyors to allow fast delivery from coastal ships. Kirkcaldy's town centre, which serves a large catchment area of around , residents within a minute drive, is the largest in Fife in terms of retail floor space.

An out-of-town retail park constructed in north-west of the town on Chapel Level, off the A92 is home to a number of warehouse retailers. Kirkcaldy Galleries is home to the town's museum and art gallery and central library. The building opened in under its former name of Kirkcaldy Museum and Art Gallery and was extended to provide a main library in The work resulted in the integration of the facilities within the building through a single entrance and reception desk.

The building also adopted its present name. The Adam Smith Theatre, the town's main auditorium, plays host to theatrical and musical productions as well as showing a selection of arthouse and commercial films. There are three main public parks in Kirkcaldy.

They achieved a British scoring record of goals in 34 matches in the —38 season. This has replaced the old Kirkcaldy Swimming Pool from the s. A petition organised by the campaign group Save The Car Park collected over 7, signatures in favour of keeping the car park open.

It has since been re-opened by the Old Kirk Trust and is used for musical and dramatic performances. Kirkcaldy Town House on Wemyssfield is the centrepiece of the town's civic square. In the north-east are two homes of early wealthy merchants and shipowners connected with Kirkcaldy's harbour. North of the harbour area, on The Path, are two examples of distinctive architectural styles. Two large stately homes also exist within the town. To the north of Kirkcaldy is Dunnikier House, built in the late eighteenth century as a seat for the Oswald family, replacing their previous residence at Path House.

To the east of the town are the ruins of Ravenscraig Castle on a rocky spit of land extending into the Firth of Forth. It was also a means of defending the upper reaches of the Forth, including the port of Dysart.

To a lesser extent it protected the harbour of Kirkcaldy against piracy and English rivalry. The first school to be established in the town was Kirkcaldy Burgh School in with the help of the local minister, Dr David Spens. Until premises were found, pupils were taught in the minister's house. Kirkcaldy has four secondary schools and eleven primary schools.

This caters to pupils living in the eastern half of Fife, from St Andrews to Burntisland and Lochgelly. Waste management is handled by the local authority , Fife Council. Kerbside recycling operates in the town.

A three-bin collection is in place for the majority of residents. The centre, which was completed between and , was the first building to be designed by Zaha Hadid , an Iraqi -born architect in the United Kingdom.

Statutory emergency fire and rescue services are provided by the Scottish Fire and Rescue Service. The main fire station in the town is on Dunnikier Road. The main police station in the town is on St Brycedale Avenue. The A92, which connects Dunfermline to the west with Glenrothes and Dundee to the north, passes immediately north of Kirkcaldy. The A road connects it to the western and central parts of the town. The main route through the north of the town, the B, runs roughly parallel to and one kilometre to the south of the A Kirkcaldy is the birthplace of social philosopher and economist Adam Smith , [] who wrote The Wealth of Nations at his mother's house at High Street between — The former Chancellor of the Exchequer , Prime Minister and MP for the town's constituency until his retirement in , Gordon Brown , was brought up in the town from the age of three.

Guy Berryman , bassist of the alternative rock band Coldplay , was born and brought up in the town until the age of thirteen. Sportsmen include the two-time world darts champion Jocky Wilson , footballer Colin Cameron , professional golfer Peter Whiteford , [] professional ice hockey player Adam Walker and stock car driver Gordon Moodie.

William Arnott — , a biscuit manufacturer in Australia, also came from the town. Teacher, author, journalist and former professional boxing referee Brian Donald, who wrote the only existing history of Scottish boxing, The Fight Game in Scotland, while born in Edinburgh, has lived in Kirkcaldy for 42 years. Frederick Coutts , the 8th General , or international leader, of the Salvation Army was born in Kirkcaldy. He was largely the man responsible for introducing the obligatory use of Carbolic soap throughout Scottish schools in He is the only footballer in the club's history to have won both the Scottish League Cup and Scottish Cup , in and respectively.

He has made more than appearances for the Edinburgh club. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For people with that surname, see Kirkaldy surname. For other uses, see Kirkcaldy disambiguation. Cair Chaladain [1] The Lang Toun [2]. History of local government in Scotland. Retrieved 27 April General Register Office for Scotland.

Archived from the original PDF on 27 October Retrieved 24 November National Library of Scotland. Retrieved 13 May Retrieved 18 January The pageant of the Forth.

A history of Fife and Kinross. Retrieved 11 April Archived from the original on 1 March Retrieved 5 March Retrieved 19 February Scotland's Census Results Online. Archived from the original on 12 May Retrieved 14 June Retrieved 24 January Retrieved 17 April Archived from the original on 18 July The precise parentage of Earl Magnus has been the subject of considerable speculation.

According to the Complete Peerage , " Magnus Jarl of Orkney and Earl of Caithness is stated to have been the son of Gillbride Earl of Angus by his second wife sister of Harald Ugni, to whom Magnus, though an infant, was apparently recognised as successor in his half of the Earldom " [28]. It does not cite the source on which this statement is based and, as discussed further above under the possible second wife of Earl Gilbride, the hypothesis appears to be entirely speculative.

The Complete Peerage says that " it seems…quite probable that [Magnus] was the same person as Malcolm Earl of Angus, son of Duncan, son of Gilchrist, son of Gillbride…[who] is named as Earl of Angus and Caithness in [see above]", although conceding that " the whole matter is, however, very obscure " [30].

The separate primary source references to an individual named Magnus indicate that this suggestion is probably incorrect. The Icelandic Annals record the death in of " Magni comitis Orcadensis " [31].

A charter dated which confirmed the donation of " terram de Kenny " to Aberbrothoc by " Walterum filium Turpini " quotes a document witnessed by " Domino Magno filio Comitis…Domino Anegus filio Comitis… " [35].

The same difficulties relating to the parentage of the witness Magnus, as discussed above, also apply to Angus. It is not even known whether Angus was a brother of Magnus, although if he was his junior position in the list of witnesses indicates that he must have been younger. He witnessed a charter of Arbroath Abbey in [39]. If Magnus Earl of part Caithness was the son of Earl Gilchrist as speculated below, his Norwegian name may have come from his mother.

However, the junior line of the earls of Orkney and Caithness ceased to hold the earldom in , many years before the alleged grant of Caithness to Magnus. He succeeded his father as Earl of Angus [43]. He succeeded his father as Earl of Angus , witnessed a charter as such 22 Apr [47]. Her parentage and marriage are shown in the Complete Peerage without citing the corresponding primary source [50]. The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.

She succeeded her father as Ctss of Angus , suo iure. The Complete Peerage records her first marriage without citing the corresponding primary source [52] , although it is implied from the Chronicle of Melrose which records the death in of " John Cumin earl of Angus…in France " [53].

The Chronicle of Melrose records that " the lord Gillebert de Humframville took the countess of Angus to wife " in [54]. He succeeded as Earl of Angus , de iure uxoris. It has so far proved impossible to reconstruct the early generations of this family from the primary source references, but the names indicate a probable succession from father to son. Bracton records a claim, dated , by " Ricardus filius Reginaldi et Roysia uxor eius " against " Robertum filium Walteri " for part of " terre…in Lewes " inherited from " Roysia de Douera auia sua ", the defendant stating that " Matillis mater sua et Aleisia mater Ricardi de Umframuilla et Auelina auia Ricardi de Muntfichet fuerunt sorores " all of whom inherited part of the land in question [76].

His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated to [] under which his son " Gilbt de Umfravill " confirmed donations to Kelso monastery by " dni Odenell de Umfravill avi mei " [78]. It is likely that Gilbert de Umfraville was related to Simon Fraser who donated the same church to Kelso around the same time [81]. Her parentage is confirmed by the undated charter under which her son " Robertus Corbet filius filie Gilebti de Umframvilla " donated " elemosina quondam parte terre mee in territorio de Cliftun " to Melrose abbey, for the soul of " avi mei Gilebti de Umframvilla " [86].

EMMA de Umfraville -after The Testa de Nevill includes a list of landholdings in Yorkshire, dated , which includes " Emma que fuit uxor Walteri filii Giliberti…maritata Petro de Vallibus " holding land in Northumberland [91].

His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated to [] under which his son " Gilbt de Umfravill " confirmed donations to Kelso monastery by " dni Odenell de Umfravill avi mei " [95].

Lord of Prudhoe and Redsdale, co. The Testa de Nevill includes a writ of King John dated which records " Ricardus de Umfraville " holding " baroniam de Prudehoe…villam de Parva Rihull " in Northumberland which had been granted by King Henry I to " antecessores sui ", as well as " vallem de Redesdale " [98].

The Chronicle of Melrose records that " the lord Gillebert de Humframville took the countess of Angus to wife " in []. She married thirdly before 2 Dec Richard Lord of Chilham.

Matthew Paris records that " Gilebertus de Humfranvilla " left " parvulum suum " as his heir when he died []. He is styled Earl of Angus in He was summoned to the English parliament as Lord Umfraville in , and in as Earl of Angus []. He was brought before parliament for contempt for striking one of the king's ministers at the parliament held at Berwick 22 Aug [].

She married secondly before 30 Jun Bartholomew Badlesmere. He succeeded his father in as Earl of Angus , Lord Umfraville. She married secondly before 16 Aug Roger Matildauit of Eshot, co. He succeeded his father in as Earl of Angus , Lord Unfreville. He was disinherited in Scotland in []. Her parentage is confirmed, and her second marriage indicated, by the testament of Thomas Percy Bishop of Norwich, dated 25 May , which names " …Dame Margaret de Ferrers my sister…Matilda Nevill my sister… " among his beneficiaries [].

Philippa de Beauchamp my sister Durham May He inherited the castle of Harbottle and the manor of Otterburn []. Durham, son of Lincoln, son of -9 Jan He succeeded his father in at Bonkyl, co. He was created Earl of Angus before 15 Jun , when he is styled as such in a charter []. He succeeded his father in as Earl of Angus. He died of plague []. She married secondly John Sinclair of Herdmanstoun.

She succeeded her brother in as Ctss of Angus , suo iure. She resigned the Earldom 9 Apr in favour of her illegitimate son George Douglas []. Ancestors of the Earls of Haddington. He was created Earl of Angus. She married secondly or before John Carmichael of Balmedie, and thirdly after as his second wife, Robert Douglas of Lechleven. Possibly styled Lord Douglas. He succeeded his grandfather in as Earl of Angus. High Chancellor of Scotland Aug , when a sentence of forfeiture was passed against him and he retired to England.

Returned to Scotland , after the death of King James V. He died of erysipelas. She died in childbirth. Queen Regent of Scotland.

She married secondly before Sep William Baillie of Lamington. He succeeded his uncle in as Earl of Angus. She married thirdly Patrick Whitelaw of that Ilk. He succeeded in as Earl of Morton. He succeeded his cousin as Earl of Angus. The succeeding Earls of Angus, and Marquesses of Douglas, descend from him.

Atholl was one of the seven original province of Scotland, associated with Gowry, covering the north eastern parts of what was later the county of Perth.

The rulers were styled Mormaers in the 10th century. Members of his family succeeded him as Earls of Atholl until the earldom was inherited by the Strathbogie family in the midth century. Abthane of Dule, lay abbot of Dunkeld. From the house of the Kings of Ireland. The 10th century Pictish Chronicle Cronica de Origine Antiquorum Pictorum records that " Niger filius Maelcolaim " defeated " Caniculum super Dorsum Crup ", in which battle " Duchad abbas Duncalden et Dubdon satrapas Athochlach " were killed, after which Niger was expelled and " Caniculus " reigned for a short time [].

Lay abbot of Dunkeld. Steward of the Western Isles. He was killed fighting King Macbeth. The primary source which confirms that this is correct has not yet been identified. From the names of the earls of Fife and Angus, it is unlikely that this document can be dated to before at the earliest. If that is correct, it is evidently impossible from a chronological point of view that Maelmuire could have been the son of King Duncan I.

According to the Complete Peerage , Madach Earl of Atholl was the son of Maelmuire, but it cites no corresponding primary source []. The sources quoted below, dated to before the charter in which Maelmuire is named see above , suggest that this affiliation cannot be correct. The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.

He is known as the first Earl of Atholl. It is unlikely that Margaret was born after [] if it is correct that her son was born in William King of Scotland confirmed the donation of " ecclesia de Login " made to Scone Abbey by " Malcolmus comes Atholie " by undated charter []. Balfour Paul corrects the first name in the list to " Malcolmus filius Madi.

It is suggested that the supposed parentage of Hextilda should be treated with caution. It is possible that Simon was the same person as the son of Hextilda by her first marriage. He succeeded his father in [] as Earl of Atholl. She succeeded her father in [] as Ctss of Atholl suo iure. Her possible second marriage is discussed by Noel Paton []. Earl of Atholl de iure uxoris. He was designated Earl of Atholl in and , but may have held the earldom in wardship for his supposed stepson [].

She succeeded her nephew in as Ctss of Atholl suo iure. The earldom of Atholl passed to her daughter on her death. Balfour Paul names " John of Hasting who…apparently…held the lands of Dun in Forfarshire and was a frequent witness to the charters by King William the Lion to the monks of Aberbrothoc and to those of Cupar Angus… " as father of David Hastings []. Balfour Paul says that Ada " is said to have married John of Strathbogie, son of David of Strathbogie…third son of Duncan sixth Earl of Fife…there is no proof of this statement, but it is rendered probable by the fact that the later Earls of Atholl designed themselves as of Strathbogie, and the evidence of seals " [].

She succeeded as Ctss of Atholl , suo iure. He succeeded as Earl of Atholl , de iure uxoris. Henry had one illegitimate child by Mistress 1: Conan must have been illegitimate as he did not succeed to the earldom on the death of his father. Ewyn filio meo, Hath filio Gilbrid genero meo …" []. According to Balfour Paul, Mary was " daughter and co-heiress of Convall, son of Duncan, Laird of Tullibardine ", but he cites no primary source apart from the charter just quoted which does not name her father [].

However, other related charters in the Liber Insule Missarum refer to donations by her presumed sister " Muriela quondam filia Coneuall filii Duncani " and her grandson " domino Willelmo de Moravia militi filio domini Malcolmi de Moravia " see Chapter 6. B of the present document []. In the case of the last three names on the list, it is difficult to identify "eius" applied to each name, but it is reasonable to suppose that it refers back to Henry and Duncan, and that Christina, Margaret and the unidentified parent of Constantine were siblings of the two brothers.

She was heiress of her brother at Chilham. A charter dated 1 May ordered the valuation of the assets of " the late Isabella countess of Athol to her husband Alexander de Balliol " []. He succeeded his father in as Earl of Atholl. He swore fealty to Edward I King of England in but fought for the Scots when they were defeated at Dunbar 28 Apr and taken prisoner to London.

He was released 31 Jul He became a staunch supporter of Robert Bruce, who was his wife's brother-in-law. He was taken prisoner again when the English invaded Scotland in and taken to London again where he was executed.

His titles were forfeited []. A charter dated 3 Sep records petitions to King Edward I by women whose estates had been seized in Scotland, including an order of restoration of property to " la contesse de Atheles " []. He was created Earl of Carrick shortly before 24 Oct by his brother. He was a prisoner in England 23 Dec He was summoned to the English parliament as Lord Strathbogie in He commanded English troops in Gascony in [].

He was summoned to the English parliament as Earl of Atholl in He was restored as Earl of Atholl by Edward Balliol King of Scotland in , rebelled in but was pardoned under the treaty of peace 18 Aug []. Monsr John Bardolf and to my said daughter his wife Monsieur William de Ferrers Earl of Atholl He succeeded his father in as Earl of Huntly. Bishop of Caithness Caithness, with Sutherland, was one of the original seven provinces of Scotland in the 9th century, but does not appear to have been counted as one of the seven Mormaerships of the kingdom [].

This is presumably because it fell under the influence of the Norsemen who had colonised Orkney. The descendants of Thorfinn Jarl of Orkney controlled Caithness until []. Thorfinn's descendants ruled Caithness until when Earl John was murdered nominally under the suzerainty of the kings of Scotland throughout this period, although it is doubtful whether the king exercised much direct control in Caithness.

The other part of Caithness was controlled by Freskin of Moray, Lord of Duffus, probably the son-in-law of Earl John who was murdered in see Chapter 6. After the death of Magnus Earl of Caithness, Malise Earl of Strathearn styled himself Earl of Caithness and Orkney, the Complete Peerage suggesting that he may have inherited the earldom through his mother []. It was held by different members of the Stewart family until He appears to have become Jarl of Caithness.

A charter dated which confirmed the donation of " terram de Kenny " to Aberbrothoc by " Walterum filium Turpini " quotes a document witnessed by " Domino Magno filio Comitis…Domino Anegus filio Comitis… " [].

However, Balfour Paul refers to a charter " noted in an old Inventory of Oliphant writs, made about , and preserved in the General Register House " which states that King Alexander II granted " the erledom of South Kaythnes " to " Magnus sone to Gylcryst sum tyme erle of Angus " [].

It was presumably after 7 Oct , the date of a charter under which Alexander II King of Scotland donated revenue from mills in Invernarn to the bishopric of Moray which was witnessed by " …M comite de Anegus et Katania… " [].

According to the Complete Peerage , " Magnus Jarl of Orkney and Earl of Caithness is stated to have been the son of Gillbride Earl of Angus by his second wife sister of Harald Ugni, to whom Magnus, though an infant, was apparently recognised as successor in his half of the Earldom " []. The Complete Peerage says that " it seems…quite probable that [Magnus] was the same person as Malcolm Earl of Angus, son of Duncan, son of Gilchrist, son of Gillbride…[who] is named as Earl of Angus and Caithness in [see above]", although conceding that " the whole matter is, however, very obscure " [].

The Icelandic Annals record the death in of " Magni comitis Orcadensis " []. However, assuming that his name, recorded in the sources as Gibbon and Gilbert, can be correctly interpreted as Gillbride, this suggests a close relationship with the earls of Argyll and that he was probably the son of Earl Magnus whose death is recorded in Earl of Caithness and Orkney.

The Icelandic Annals record the death in of " Gibbon comes Orcadensis " []. Earl [ of Caithness ]. He succeeded his father in as Earl of [part] Caithness. The Icelandic Annals record the death in of " Magnus comes Orcadum " []. He succeeded his brother in as Earl of [part] Caithness. The Icelandic Annals record the birth in of " Ingiburga filia Erici regis " []. He succeeded as Earl of [part] Caithness in [] [].

Fraser records that Simon Fraser married " Margaret co-heiress of an Earl of Caithness ", suggesting that her father must have been Earl Magnus []. From his text, it is difficult to ascertain the source on which this information is based. From a chronological point of view, assuming that her parentage is correctly stated, it seems more likely that she was the daughter of Earl John.

Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a charter dated 12 Dec under which " Malisius comes de Stratherne " granted the advowson of the church of Cortachy to Inchaffray, obliging " heredes nostros quos habuerimus de Matilda sponsa nostra filia domini Gilleberti quondam comitis Kattanie et Orkadie " []. Fife, with Forthreve, was one of the original seven provinces of Scotland in the 9th century. BETH , son of -after Possibly Mormaer of Fife or Moray.

HETH or after. However, if this is correct, it is unclear why his relationship with King David was not specified in the two charters referred to above, close family members being identified as such in other charters of the king. In any case, the death of Ethelred is estimated to before David King of Scotland instructed " Constantinus comes " to respect the rights of the church of Dunfermline by undated charter witnessed by "… Madeth comit, Malis comit, Head comit, Hug de Morevill, Herbt cancell, Rob Corbet …" [].

Duncan suggests that Malcolm MacHeth was the son of "Heth" who witnessed two charters in the early years of the reign of King David I []. The Chronicle of John of Fordun Continuator - Annals records that " Malcolm Macheth " made peace with the king the year after his son was captured []. He was created Earl of Ross in or before []. He may have been Earl of Fife or Earl of Forthreve []. Earl [ of Fife ]. He succeeded his father in as Earl of Fife.

The date of his death is not known. Her first marriage is confirmed by the undated charter under which her son " Seherus de Quency comes Wintonie " donated " totam terram de Duglyn ", held by " Nesus filius Willelmi avus meus " to Cambuskenneth priory []. There seems little doubt that the witness was Orabilis, daughter of the donor, and her third husband, as the name is so unusual. The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified. Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the Book of Deer which records the donation made by " Gartnait son of Cainnech and Ete daughter of Gille Michel " for " the consecration of a Church of Christ and Peter " [].

Gilleb, Eth filio com. Malcolm IV King of Scotland granted " Scradimigglock et Falecklen et Radhulit et Strathbranen et totam firmam meam de Cattel…in maritagium " to " Duncano comiti et heredi suo qui de uxore sua Ada nepte mea nasceretur " by charter dated " anno septimo regni regis " []. King Malcolm was too young to have had a niece who married around the date of this charter. However, it is possible that " nepte " should be interpreted more loosely in this document and that the bride was a more remote relative of the king, maybe his first cousin, daughter of an otherwise unrecorded paternal uncle or aunt.

The following charters demonstrate that the wife of Earl Duncan was named Ela not Ada, presumably indicating a mistranscription in the reproduction of the charter. The Extracta ex Cronicis Scocie records that " Malcomus filius eius, qui postea fundavit Culros " succeeded on the death of " Duncanus comes de Fyff " [].

The Chronicle of Lanercost records the death in of " comes de Fif, Malcolmus " and his burial " apud Cullenros " []. The Liber Pluscardensis records the death in of " Malcolmus comes de Fife " and his burial " apud Culros in ecclesia sancti Servani " which he had founded []. Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by an undated charter under which Alexander II King of Scotland confirmed the donation by " Malcolmus comes de Fyf " of " terras de Petgornoc et de Drundol in Fyf ", given by the donor to " Marjerie cognate nostre…quas dominus Willelmus Rex pater noster dedit predicte Marjerie in liberum maritagium ", after the death of " dicte Marjorie comitisse ", to Balmerino Abbey [].

He succeeded his uncle in as Earl of Fife. A charter dated 18 Mar records an agreement between the bishop of Moray and " David filium Duncani quondam comitis de Fyf " concerning " advocationibus ecclesiarum de Strathbolgyn…in feudo suo de Strathbolgyn " [].

Andrew Bishop of Moray and " David de Strathbolgyn filium inclyte memorie Duncani comitis de Fif " reached agreement concerning the boundaries of " terrarum…ecclesiarum de Rynyn et de Dunbanan… " by charter dated 10 Oct [].

Alexander II King of Scotland confirmed donations to Kinloss, including the donation of " totam illam partem terre de Belach " by " David filii comitis Dunecani de Fif ", by charter dated 12 Feb []. The charter does not indicate that the donor was deceased at the time of the confirmation. Earl of Atholl, de iure uxoris. It is not known whether the marriage ever took place.

He was one of the Guardians of the Realm in []. The Chronicle of Melrose records the death in of " Malcolm earl of Fife " and the succession of " his nephew Malcolm, the son of his brother ", adding that the latter " afterwards married the daughter of Leulin " []. It is assumed that she was illegitimate. It is not certain that this widow of Earl Malcolm was the same person as his wife who was the daughter of Prince Llywelyn. This would mean that she gave birth to children over an approximately thirty year span, which although not impossible would be unusual.

In addition, it seems unlikely that Earl Donald would have married, as his first marriage, a woman who would have been more than 35 years old.

She married secondly Donald Earl of Mar. The Liber Pluscardensis records that " Colvanum filium Malcolmi comitis de Fife " was knighted " die natalis Domini " in [].

His birth date is estimated on the assumption that he was between 18 and 20 years old at the time. She married secondly as his first wife, William Ferrers of Groby, Leicestershire. The Extracta ex Cronicis Scocie records that " filius Colbani " was eight years old when his father died []. A charter dated 6 Jun records that King Edward I granted permission to " Johanna de Clare comitissa de Fif uxor quondam Duncani comitis de Fif " to marry whom she pleases on payment of a fine of marks [].

She married secondly after 23 Apr Gervase Avenell. Orders for the " farther…custody of the countesses of Carrick and Buchan, Marie and Christine the sisters, and Margerie the daughter, of Robert de Brus ", specifying that " three of the ladies to be in kages ", are dated 7 Nov [].

She was released in Apr []. He succeeded his father as Earl of Fife. She succeeded her father in as Ctss of Fife. He succeeded as Earl of Fife, de iure uxoris. He succeeded as Earl of Fife , de iure uxoris. It is assumed that she died before her mother sold the earldom. The Chronicle of John of Fordun Continuator - Annals records that King John Balliol " sought to deprive Macduff, brother of Duncan the lately murdered Earl of Fife, of his lands and property of Kilconquhar ", which was appealed to the English king [].

Mar, with Buchan, was one of the original seven provinces of Scotland in the 9th century. It covered the territory of the future counties of Aberdeen and Banff. Buchan separated from Mar, probably at the same time as Caithness was conquered by the Norwegians []. The early rulers of Mar were styled "Mormaer". His parentage is confirmed by the Annals of Ulster which record the death of his son " Domnall son of Eimen son of Cainnech, earl of Marr in Scotland " in [].

He is said to have been one of the 10 Mormaers who crossed to Ireland to assist Brian Boroihme against the Danes: The probably midth century War of the Gaedhil with the Gaill records the participation of " Domhnall son of Emin " at Clontarf in , adding in a later passage that " Domhnall son of Eimhin " was among those who were killed in the battle [].

His relationship with the earlier Mormaers is not known. No source has yet been identified which names William in his own right. His name suggests that he was a Norman immigrant to Scotland but no information has so far been found which could indicate his origin. The chronology in fact appears impossible: Nes had two illegitimate children by an unknown mistress or mistresses: However, Morgund was later restored as earl of Mar, as shown by a memorandum dated which records that, when William King of Scotland returned " comitatum suum de Mar " to " Morgundo M[ac] Gyloclery predecessori Domini Donenaldi comitis de Marre ", certain portions of land were omitted [].

Selden published a document which purports to record the regrant of his earldom as well as the earldom of Moray by King William to " Morgund son of Gillocher, formerly Earl of Mar ", confirming him as the lawful son and heir of " Gillocher, Earl of Mar…[Earl] of Moray ", dated 23 May []. Skene recites the arguments which indicate the spurious nature of this document, concluding that it is " open to serious objections " while admitting that " it is difficult to devise a motive for inventing such a document " [].

Nevertheless the memorandum quoted above suggests some historical basis for the factual background of the spurious document. This was presumably the occasion when the alleged document was produced. Earl Gilchrist is recorded after , whereas Orabilis is named with her [third] husband in a charter of her father which, although undated, is probably not dated much later than Orabilis married thirdly Adam of Fife. Skene suggests that the challenge was made by Gilchrist Earl of Mar who replaced him briefly as Earl of Mar [].

However, he cites no contemporary primary source which confirms that this supposition is correct. Balfour Paul also states that there is " no valid evidence that Gilchrist was Earl before " []. However, if as shown above Earl Morgrund was restored as Earl of Mar by William King of Scotland towards the end of his life, it would seem surprising that his supposed illegtitimacy would be revived as the basis for the debarring the succession of his son after Morgrund died.

One possibility is that all the later claims were completely fabricated and that Gilchrist was simply the oldest son of Earl Morgrund. Burnett points out that in these abbreviated forms of the last charters the name " G. No later information has been found concerning Earl Gilchrist and his date of death is unknown. It is possible that the earldom of Mar was confiscated from him, which would explain why it was restored to the descendants of Earl Morgrund before see below.

As noted above, it has been suggested that she was Orabilis, who is shown above as the suggested second wife of Morgund Earl of Mar. The various related arguments are discussed more fully above. Presuming that he was adult at the time, Thomas could not therefore have been born much later than This would place the birth of his mother in [] or before, probably when Orabilis was still married to her first husband.

Another possibility is that, if Orabilis was the wife of Earl Gilchrist, she was not the mother of his children. He presumably predeceased his father as there is no record of his having succeeded to the earldom of Mar, unless the earldom was confiscated from Earl Gilchrist before it was restored to the descendants of Earl Morgrund.

Other charters quoted above indicate donations to the same church by Gilchrist Earl of Mar. This hypothesis appears supported by the claim made in by her grandson Alan Durward to the earldom of Mar. He succeeded his father in [] as Earl of Mar , first recorded as such as witness of a royal charter dated 7 Feb Alan Durward claimed the earldom of Mar in , impugning the legitimacy of his predecessors, a bull of Pope Alexander IV dated 4 Oct detailing the whole case [].

This document, if correctly dated, suggests that Earl William was still alive at that time. However, his son Donald is recorded as Earl of Mar 25 Jul , which suggests that the previous document should be redated to an earlier year or that " William earl of Mar " in the text was an error for " Donald earl of Mar ".

The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified. She married secondly before Jan , [divorced before ] James James Stewart , later High Steward of Scotland. Pleas taken at Newcastle 20 Jan N. Andrew MacEwen indicates that " Muriella…Maria " were the two daughters of Malise Earl of Strathearn by his first wife Marjory de Muschamp, and identifies " Jacobus filius Alexandri ", the husband of Muriel, as James Stewart the future High Steward of Scotland, although he cites no primary source which confirms that the latter identification is correct [].

He succeeded his father in as Earl of Mar. From a chronological point of view, it appears likely that he was the son of Earl Duncan. He succeeded his father as Earl of Mar. He was taken prisoner at the battle of Dunbar 27 Apr , but did homage to the English king after the submission of John Balliol in Jul []. However, it is not certain that this widow of Earl Malcolm was the same person as his wife who was the daughter of Prince Llywelyn.

He succeeded his father in [] as Earl of Mar. He was brought up at the English court and remained in England after the English defeat at Bannockburn in He was killed in battle fighting the invading Edward Balliol []. She married secondly before 15 Sep , divorced before Easter Geoffrey Mourray , and thirdly licence 3 Jun William Careswell.

He was appointed Great Chamberlain of Scotland and She succeeded her brother in as Ctss of Angus, suo iure. She was the mistress of William Douglas Earl of Douglas , and resigned the earldom of Angus 9 Apr in favour of her illegitimate son by him George Douglas [].

She succeeded her brother in [] as Ctss of Mar , suo iure. A charter dated 18 Mar O. He was created Earl of Douglas in She is named as wife of Malcolm Earl of Lennox by Fraser []. She may have been the daughter or the sister of Donald Earl of Mar. Together with Ross, it was one of the seven original provinces of Scotland, covering the territory of what later became the counties of Inverness and Ross.

Although the Mormaership of Moray was conquered by the Scots in , it was not until that Robert I King of Scotland created the earldom of Moray, installing Thomas Randolph as first earl. Irish genealogies show the descent of Findlaech MacRory from "cenel Loairn, one of the ruling kindreds of Dalriada…in the 8th century" [] , but it is unknown how accurate this may be. Thane of Angus, Mormaer of Moray.

It seems that the proof for this connection is slim. The word " nepos " is of course treacherous, and could indicate a variety of relationships in addition to grandson. However, it appears that early historians assumed that "grandson" was the correct translation. Another variation is provided by the Cronykil of Andrew of Wyntoun, which records that " Makbeth-Fynlak, his systyr sowne " murdered King Duncan [].

From a chronological point of view, it is unlikely that Macbeth could have been a nephew of King Duncan, but it is possible that the passage represents an interpretation of " nepos " from an earlier source and has confused the king with whom Macbeth enjoyed this relationship. No source earlier than Holinshed has been found which names her Donada. He was defeated in battle 27 Jul by the army of Siward Earl of Northumbria who had invaded Scotland to support the claim to the throne of Malcolm son of King Duncan I.

Her possible first marriage appears to be based on the following logic. Dunbar, basing his argument on this and the other sources which are quoted in this section, states that " from the above it seems most probable that Lulach was son of Gillacomgan and step-son of Macbeth " [].

In addition, the 12th century Cronica Regum Scottorum lists " Lulac nepos filii Boide " ["nephew of the son of Boite"] as successor of King Macbeth []. A grant by " Maelcoluim son of Maelbrigte " to the church of Deer is recalled in a notice of grants between and []. As noted above, the primary sources are unclear concerning the parentage of Lulach. A grant by " Maelsnecte son of Luloeg " to the church of Deer is recalled in a notice of grants between and [].

Mormaer of Moray until The name of her husband is not known. Moray was conquered by the Scots in after Mormaer Angus's defeat at Strickathrow []. Brice Bishop of Moray confirmed the foundation of " in una trium ecclesiarum…Brennath et de Spyny et de Kenedor " by undated charter which reserves the rights of " Willelmi filii Willelmi filii Freskyny " in " terris…Lynyn et Duldauy " and of " Hugonis filii Willelmi filii Freskyny " in " Duffus " [].

A charter dated 7 Oct records a dispute between " Andreas episcopus Moraviensis " and " Walterum de Moravia filium quondam Willelmi de Moravia " concerning " terris de Ardtrillen et Lunnin et Duldaui et Croyn…et super advocatione ecclesiarum de Croyn, Abirlouer, Buthrothyn et Arteldol ", signed by " Walteri de Moravia filii quondam Hugonis de Moravia ", witnessed by "… Alexandro vicecomite de Elgyn, H. A charter dated 20 Mar records an agreement between the bishop of Moray and " Freskynum de Moravia dominum de Duffus " concerning " Spyny et…Fynroffy ", confirming an earlier agreement between Bishop Andrew and " Walterum de Moravia dicti Freskyni genitorem " [].

Skene says that " the probability is that…half [of the earldom of Caithness] " was inherited by the Moray family from " Johanna…as indicated by her name, the daughter of John Earl of Caithness of the line of Paul " []. A charter dated confirmed a donation to the church of Moray by " domino Reginaldo le Chen minori domino de Duffus et Marie sponse sue filie quondam Friskyni de Moravia " and named " domina Johanna quondam sponsa domini Friskyni de Moravia " [].

Constable of Roxburgh Richard Bishop of Moray confirmed the donation of " Logynauedal et le Logyndykis " made by " Willelmo filio Freskyni " by undated charter confirmed by " Andree persone clerico nostro et filio suo " [].

The editor of the cartulary of the bishopric of Moray suggests that Walter was the son of Walter de Moray, son of William de Moray, who died after see above but he cites no primary source on which he bases this speculation []. Inquisitions dated 28 Nov writ 10 Nov following the death of " William de Moray " record that " Andrew de Moray, slain at Stirling against the king, son of the late Sir Andrew de Moray, has a lawful son…Andrew who dwells in Moray…two years of age at Pentecost last " was his heir [].

She married secondly before Alexander Comyn. A charter dated 16 May names " …Andrew de Moray… " among those captured at Dunbar castle 27 Apr [] and sent to the Tower of London [].

A charter dated 6 Nov ordered the Sheriffs of London to pay " …Andrew de Moray…knights, Scottish prisoners in the Tower " for their sustenance []. A charter dated 16 May names " …Andrew de Moray… " among those captured at Dunbar castle 27 Apr [] and sent to Chester castle []. She married secondly Papal dispensations 15 Aug and 29 May , divorced before Feb as his first wife, Thomas Earl of Mar , thirdly Papal dispensation John Drummond of Concraig, and fourthly Papal dispensation 9 Sep as his first wife, Robert Stewart , who succeeded as Earl of Menteith in , de iure uxoris , and was appointed Duke of Albany in According to the editor of the cartulary of the bishopric of Moray, John son of Andrew was ancestor of the " De Moravias of Drumsargard and Abercairney " but he cites no corresponding primary source [].

Scocie tunc comitis de Stratherni ", by charter dated 10 Nov []. He was presumably related to the Moray family of Tullibardine, as shown by the undated charter under which " Malisius comes Strathern " confirmed " terram de Tulibardy…infra comitatum nostrum de Strathern que fuit domine Ade de Moravia sponsa quondam domini Willelmi de Moravia de Tulibardy militis " to " Willelmo de Moravia filio Andree de Moravia de Tulibardy ", witnessed by " …domino Johanne de Moravia de Dromfergarth… " [] , but the precise relationship has not yet been ascertained.

He captured Edinburgh Castle from the English in Mar and commanded the left wing at the battle of Bannockburn 24 Jun He took part in Edward Bruce's invasion of Ireland , and captured Berwick by surprise in He succeeded his father in as Earl of Moray. He succeeded his brother in as Earl of Moray. He was made Regent for David II King of Scotland in [], jointly with Robert Stewart, but was captured in Aug and kept in captivity by the English until early when he was exchanged for the Earl of Salisbury [].

She was co-heiress of her brother in Her issue became sole heirs after the death of her older sister Agnes Ctss of Dunbar without surviving issue in []. A charter dated 16 May names " …Nicholas Randolf son of Thomas Randolf… " among those captured at Dunbar castle 27 Apr [] and sent to the Tower of London [].

Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by an undated charter under which " Thomas Randolph Earl of Moray " granted land " de Cumlungan et de Ryvel in Valle Anandie " to " Willelmo de Moravia nepoti nostro…Patricium fratrem suum " [].

He was chief of the commission which met the English in Ayton church, near Berwick, in Jul to arrange truce terms []. She married secondly before 24 Apr Alexander Keith of Grandown.

He succeeded his father as Earl of Moray before 15 Feb , when he was declared himself as such in an exchange of lands which names both his parents and his wife. He was taken prisoner by the English at the battle of Homildon Hill in []. He succeeded his father after early as Earl of Moray. She married secondly before John Ogilvy of Lintrathen.

He succeeded his cousin in [] as Earl of Moray. She succeeded her father in Frendraught. After the death of her first husband, she continued to style herself Ctss of Moray despite the earldom being conferred on David Stewart, son of James II King of Scotland, in Feb []. She resigned the Barony of Frendraught to her grandson James Crichton in []. He succeeded his father in as Lord Crichton. He was installed in parliament as Earl of Moray 3 Jul , a reflection of the power of the Douglas family rather than his wife's hereditary right.

He rebelled against the king following the murder of his brother William Earl of Douglas. He was attainted posthumously and his assets and title declared forfeited [].

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According to the Complete Dating fife scotlandGillbride Earl of Angus married as his second wife " the heiress of the earls of Caithness dating fife scotland, scotlland another passage scotpand that she was " sister of Harald Ungi Earl of Caithness " [15]. It is therefore unclear how Margaret could legitimately have claimed to be countess of Buchan after he died. A red alert for Munster and Leinster in the Republic of Ireland and the central belt of Scotland has been put out for heavy snow friends of the earth speed dating strong winds. Arregaithel or Argyll was previously the kingdom of Dalriada in the west of Scotland. She was co-heiress of her brother in He also styled himself Earl of March from Mar William King of Scotland confirmed donations to Aberbrothoc, including the donation of an annuity of a mark of silver made by " comes Fergus de Buchan ", by charter dated dating fife scotland before [].