Albany, New York
Until after the Revolution, Albany's population consisted mostly of ethnic Dutch descendants. Archived from the original on November 3, Retrieved 23 November
The Legislative Gazette [Retrieved April 25, ]. Adoptions will begin at 1PM. Metropolitan Areas by Population, Local Television Market Universe Estimates: Sports in New York's Capital District. In , a flood ruined the fort on Castle Island, but it was rebuilt in as Fort Orange.
The quaint old building has a warm personality all of its own. The Albany Hotel is a boutique, informal, 3-star hotel situated in the heart of historic St Andrews.
Benefiting from its central location, the hotel is close to all local amenities, various shops, cafes, bars and restaurants.
The hotel building itself is a delightful conversion of a traditional Georgian terraced town house dating from Privately owned and family run, the Albany Hotel extends a warm welcome to all our guests and offers accommodation to suit all requirements. We cater for families, groups and individuals, whether it be for business, pleasure, weekend breaks or golf holidays. We often have seasonal offers and special packages, so please do visit our Special Offers page. Scotland, the home of golf, boasts some of the finest courses in the world.
Many are within easy reach of the Albany Hotel St Andrews. Whether for a weekend or a fortnight, golf breaks St Andrews are really something special.
The courses are superb, the scenery beautiful and the hospitality of the Albany Hotel guarantees the perfect golfing holiday. During the s a powerful political machine controlled by the Democratic Party arose in the state capital, connected to politics in New York City as well. It marshalled the power of immigrants and their descendants in both cities. The city's skyline changed in the s and s with the construction of office towers around the Empire State Plaza and at the uptown campus of SUNY Albany , [b] mainly under the direction of Governor Nelson Rockefeller.
While Albany experienced a decline in its population due to urban sprawl and suburbanization, many of its historic neighborhoods were saved from destruction through the policies of Mayor Erastus Corning 2nd , the longest-serving mayor of any city in the United States.
In the early 21st century, Albany has experienced growth in the high-technology industry , with great strides in the nanotechnology sector. Albany has been a center of higher education for over a century, with much of the remainder of its economy dependent on state government and health care services.
The city has rebounded from the urban decline of the s and s, with noticeable development taking place in the city's downtown and midtown neighborhoods. Albany is known for its rich history, commerce, culture, architecture, and institutions of higher education.
Albany won the All-America City Award in both and Albany is one of the oldest surviving European settlements from the original thirteen colonies  and the longest continuously chartered city in the United States.
It is likely the Albany area was visited by European fur traders, perhaps as early as , but the extent and duration of those visits has not been determined.
Halve Maen , reached the area in , claiming it for the United Netherlands. Commencement of the fur trade provoked hostility from the French colony in Canada and among the natives, all of whom vied to control the trade. In , a flood ruined the fort on Castle Island, but it was rebuilt in as Fort Orange. Beaver District in At that time the county included all of present New York State north of Dutchess and Ulster Counties in addition to present-day Bennington County, Vermont , theoretically stretching west to the Pacific Ocean ;   the city of Albany became the county seat.
The Dongan Charter was virtually identical in content to the charter awarded to the city of New York three months earlier. At this point, Albany had a population of about people. In , representatives of seven British North American colonies met in the Stadt Huys , Albany's city hall, for the Albany Congress ; Benjamin Franklin of Pennsylvania presented the Albany Plan of Union there, which was the first formal proposal to unite the colonies.
Tories and prisoners of war were often jailed in the Stadt Huys alongside common criminals. During and after the Revolutionary War, Albany County saw a great increase in real estate transactions. After Horatio Gates ' win over John Burgoyne at Saratoga in , the upper Hudson Valley was generally at peace as the war raged on elsewhere. Prosperity was soon seen all over Upstate New York.
Migrants from Vermont and Connecticut began flowing in, noting the advantages of living on the Hudson and trading at Albany, while being only a few days' sail from New York City.
From statehood to this date, the Legislature had frequently moved the state capital between Albany, Kingston , Hurley , Poughkeepsie , and the city of New York. Albany has been a center of transportation for much of its history. In the late 18th and early 19th centuries, Albany saw development of the turnpike and by , Albany was the turnpike center of the state.
Simeon De Witt developed a grid block system in , and renamed streets for birds and mammals that had honored British royalty. In , Robert Fulton initiated a steamboat line from New York to Albany, the first successful enterprise of its kind. Three years later, he discovered electromagnetic self-induction the SI unit for which is now the henry.
He went on to be the first Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution. Albany also has significant history with rail transport ,  as the location of two major regional railroad headquarters. While the key to Albany's economic prosperity in the 19th century was transportation, industry and business also played a role. Largely thanks to the city's Dutch and German roots, beer was one of its biggest commodities.
Beverwyck Brewery , originally known as Quinn and Nolan Nolan being mayor of Albany — ,  was the last remaining brewer from that time when it closed in The city's location at the east end of the Erie Canal gave it unparalleled access to both raw products and a captive customer base in the west.
Albany was second only to Boston in the number of books produced for most of the 19th century. To this day, one can see many intricate wrought-iron details that were constructed in those years on what are now historic buildings. The iron industry waned by the s due to increased costs associated with a newly unionized workforce and the opening of mines in the Mesabi Range in Minnesota. Albany's other major exports during the 18th and 19th centuries were furs, wheat, meat, and lumber.
The Bank of Albany — was the second chartered bank in New York. Part of the land annexed to Guilderland was ceded back to Albany in , setting up the current western border. Albany opened one of the first commercial airports in the world, and the first municipal airport in the United States, in Originally on a polo field on Loudon Road, it moved to Westerlo Island in and remained there until The Albany Municipal Airport—jointly owned by the city and county—was moved to its current location in Colonie in By Albany's northern and southern borders reached their modern courses;  Westerlo Island , to the south, became the second-to-last annexation, which occurred in Erastus Corning 2nd , arguably Albany's most notable mayor and great-grandson of the former mayor of the same name , was elected in During the s and s, a time when federal aid for urban renewal was plentiful,  Albany did not have growth in its economy or infrastructure.
It lost more than 20 percent of its population during the Corning years, as people moved to newer housing in the suburbs, followed by most of the downtown businesses moving there as well. It was known from then on as Albany County Airport until a massive upgrade and modernization project between and , when it was rechristened Albany International Airport.
Governor Nelson Rockefeller — R tried to stimulate the city with new monumental architecture and large, government-sponsored building projects; he drove construction of the Empire State Plaza , SUNY Albany 's uptown campus, and much of the W.
Frangella once quipped, "Governor Rockefeller was the best mayor Albany ever had. Rockefeller did not want to be limited by the Legislature's power of the purse , so Corning devised a plan to have the county pay for the construction and have the state sign a lease-ownership agreement. The state paid off the bonds until It was Rockefeller's only viable option, and he agreed. Due to the clout Corning gained from the situation, he gained inclusion of the State Museum, a convention center, and a restaurant, back in the plans—ideas which Rockefeller had originally vetoed.
Having the state offices in the city enabled it to keep good jobs and retain middle-class residents. Another major project of the s and s was Interstate and the South Mall Arterial. One of the project's main results, since regretted, was separating the city from the Hudson River, its source of development. The project would have required an underground trumpet interchange below Washington Park , connecting to the eventually cancelled Mid-Crosstown Arterial.
When Corning died in , Thomas Whalen assumed the mayorship and was reelected twice. He encouraged redevelopment of historic structures and helped attract federal dollars earmarked for that purpose. What Corning had saved from destruction, Whalen refurbished for continued and new uses. Prior to the recession of the s , downtown Albany was home to four Fortune companies. Long-term office holders became rare in the s. Local media began following the drama surrounding county politics specifically that of the newly created county executive position ; the loss of Corning and eventually the machine led to a lack of interest in city politics.
His tenure essentially ended the political machine that had been in place since the s. Many state workers were relocated from the Harriman State Office Campus to downtown, helping its retail businesses and vitality. Patroon Creek , along the northern border, and the Normans Kill, along the southern border, are the two major streams in the city.
The lowest point is sea level at the Hudson River the average water elevation is 2 feet 0. A preserve was set up by the State Legislature in and is on the city's western edge, spilling into Guilderland and Colonie;  it is the only sizable inland pine barrens sand dune ecosystem in the United States,  and is home to many endangered species, including the Karner Blue butterfly. Dfa ,  and features cold, snowy winters, and warm, humid summers; the city experiences four distinct seasons.
Albany is in plant hardiness zone 6a near downtown and along the shore of the Hudson and 5b at its western end. Snowfall is significant, totaling However, Albany is close enough to the Atlantic coast to receive heavy snow from Nor'easters and the city occasionally receives Alberta clippers. The neighborhoods of Albany are varied demographically, geographically, architecturally, and historically.
Downtown Albany is the city's oldest neighborhood, centered on State Street, one of Albany's oldest streets and its original main street. North and south of Downtown Albany are old residential communities often consisting of row houses ; to the north, those neighborhoods include Sheridan Hollow, Arbor Hill , and North Albany, while to the south is the super-neighborhood of the South End, which includes several smaller neighborhoods.
Single-family detached homes , duplexes, and apartments, along with single-family houses that have been divided into multiple units, can be found west of the older neighborhoods. The western portion of the City includes the W. Averell Harriman State Office Building Campus and the University at Albany's main campus, as well as offices and commercial properties lining frontage roads along Washington Avenue Extension.
Albany has more than 60 public parks and recreation areas. Its current location has been public property since the Dongan Charter of gave the city title to all property not privately owned. Washington Park was designed by John Bogart and John Cuyler in ,  and opened for public use the following year. The original lake house, designed by Frederick W. Brown, was added in The park had previously been used as a cemetery; its graves were moved to Albany Rural Cemetery.
Washington Park is a popular place to exercise and play sports; skate during the winter; people-watch during Tulip Fest ; and attend plays at the amphitheater during the summer. Buckingham Lake Park is between Manning Boulevard and Route 85 in the Buckingham Pond neighborhood; it contains a pond with fountains, a footpath, a playground, and picnic tables. The Preserve's visitors center details the ecology of the Hudson River and the local environment. The Empire State Plaza , a collection of state agency office buildings, dominates almost any view of Albany.
Built between and at the hand of Governor Nelson A. Rockefeller and architect Wallace Harrison , the complex is a powerful example of late American modern architecture  and remains a controversial building project both for displacing city residents and for its architectural style. Albany's initial architecture incorporated many Dutch influences, followed soon after by those of the English. Housing type quickly changes as one travels westward, beginning with two-family homes of the late 19th century, and one-family homes built after World War II in the western end of the city.
It has a classical exterior, which features a block-long white marble colonnade. Architecture from the s and s is well represented in the city, especially at the W. The state office campus was planned in the s by governor W.
Averell Harriman to offer more parking and easier access for state employees. Straying from the popular open campus layout , SUNY Albany has a centralized building layout with administrative and classroom buildings at center surrounded by four student housing towers. The design called for much use of concrete and glass, and the style has slender, round-topped columns and pillars reminiscent of those at Lincoln Center in New York City.
Downtown has seen a revival in recent decades, often considered to have begun with Norstar Bank 's renovation of the former Union Station as its corporate headquarters in Historically, Albany's population has been mixed.
First dominated by the Dutch and Germans, it was overtaken by the English in the early 19th century. Irish immigrants soon outnumbered most other ethnicities by the midth century, and were followed by Italians and Poles.
In the mid-to-late 20th century, the African-American population increased with thousands of people from the rural South, as part of the Great Migration. Dutch and Yankee, German and Irish, Polish and Italian, black and Chinese—over the centuries Albany's heritage has reflected a succession of immigrant nationalities.
Its streets have echoed with a dozen languages, its neighborhoods adapting to the distinctive life-style and changing economic fortunes of each new group. Until after the Revolution, Albany's population consisted mostly of ethnic Dutch descendants. Settlers migrating from New England tipped the balance toward British ethnicity in the early 19th century.
Their numbers were smaller than in many other eastern cities mainly because most had found manufacturing jobs at General Electric in Schenectady. Its population rose during the late 19th century, when many Ashkenazi Jews immigrated from eastern Europe.
Many of their descendants have since moved to suburban areas. Albany was also a destination of internal migration, as many African Americans moved north in their Great Migration from the rural South before and after World War I to fill industrial positions and find new opportunities. In the early years, they lived together with Italians, Jews and other immigrants in the South End, where housing was older and less expensive. African Americans made up 3 percent of the city's population in , 6 percent in , 12 percent in , and 30 percent in The change in proportion is related mostly to middle-class white families moving to the suburbs, and black families remaining within city limits during the same time period.
Since the number of Burmese refugees has increased, who are mostly of the Karen ethnicity; an estimated 5, reside in Albany as of January As of the census ,  there were 97, people residing in the city. There were 46, housing units at an average density of 2, The racial makeup of the city residents was A total of 9.
Albany is home to a Triqui language -speaking community of Mexican-Americans. The population had The median age was For every females there were For every females age 18 and over, there were There were 40, households in , out of which The average household size was 2. Reported property crimes 4, incidents per , residents are somewhat lower. Demographically speaking, the population of Albany and the Capital District mirrors the characteristics of the United States consumer population as a whole better than any other major municipality in the country.
According to a study conducted by the Acxiom Corporation , Albany and its environs are the top-ranked standard test market for new business and retail products. Albany, Rochester, and Syracuse all scored within the top five.
Albany's geographic situation—roughly equidistant between New York City to the south and Montreal to the north, as well as approximately 4. The Palace Theatre and The Egg provide mid-sized forums for music, theater, and spoken word performances, with the Capital Repertory Theatre filling the small-sized niche.
It also hosts trade shows, sporting events, and other large-scale community gatherings. In recent years, the city's government has invested resources to cultivate venues and neighborhoods that attract after-hours business. Many restaurants, clubs, and bars have opened since the mids, revitalizing numerous areas that had once been abandoned; various establishments have reclaimed old row houses, businesses, and even a pump station. The downtown scene is focused on Pearl Street, stretching about two blocks.
Up State Street, past the business district, is the Lark Street strip, home to smaller bars that fit into the neighborhood's artistic and eclectic style. The midtown strip generally draws a younger crowd, as it is popular to the local college students.
Last call in Albany is 4: More than half of the state's counties have an earlier closing time, but Albany County, as with all counties in the Capital District, has retained the 4: Alive at 5 is a free, weekly concert series held downtown during the summer on Thursdays;  with 10 concerts in , total attendance was roughly , This traditional Albany event marks the beginning of spring as thousands of tulips bloom in the park in early May;  attendance to the Tulip Festival in was approximately 80, Because of Albany's historical and political significance, the city has numerous museums, historical buildings, and historic districts.
It is the only ship of its kind still afloat. The museum is home to exhibits highlighting the contributions of the Irish people in America. The Albany Institute of History and Art , on Washington Avenue near the Center Square Neighborhood and State Capitol, is "dedicated to collecting, preserving, interpreting and promoting interest in the history, art, culture of Albany and the Upper Hudson Valley region.
Albany has been the subject, inspiration, or location for many written and cinematic works. Many non-fiction works have been written on the city. One of the city's more notable claims to fame is Ironweed , the Pulitzer Prize-winning book by Albany native William Kennedy.
Ironweed was the third in a series of books by Kennedy known as the "Albany Cycle". The book is considered a semi-autobiographical memoir. In , the film version of Ironweed premiered at the Palace Theatre. Authors Herman Melville and Henry James lived with their families in Albany when young, before their careers.
The City School District of Albany CSDA operates the city's public school system, which consists of 17 schools and learning centers;  in addition, there are 7 charter schools. Albany has a prominent history in higher education and was ranked third in a Forbes survey called "The Best Places with the Best Education" in ;  it ranked top on Forbes' "IQ Campuses" list as part of its Cheap Places to Live series in Albany Law School private is the oldest law school in New York and the fourth-oldest in the country; it was opened in President William McKinley was an alumnus.
The center of the campus moved to its current Uptown Campus in the west end of the city in Combining the student bodies of all the aforementioned campuses except HVCC results in 63, students, or almost 70 percent of the estimate of Albany's permanent population. Albany's economy, along with that of the Capital District in general, is heavily dependent on government, health care , education , and more recently, technology. Because of these typically steady economic bases, the local economy has been relatively immune to national economic recessions in the past.
In March , the Albany area had the lowest unemployment rate of any major metropolitan area in New York, at 7. Since the s, the economy of Albany and the surrounding Capital District has been redirected toward a high technology focus.
The area's high technology ecosystem is supported by technologically focused academic institutions including Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and the State University of New York Polytechnic Institute.
In , the Albany-Schenectady area was listed fourth on Forbes Magazine's annual "Best Cities for Jobs" list, noting that job losses in state and local government were overcome by expansion of the high-tech field. Albany has a mayor-council form of government , which functions under the Dongan Charter , adopted in when Albany was incorporated as a city. A revised charter was adopted by referendum in , but was applied strictly as an amendment to Dongan.
This gives Albany the distinction of having the oldest active city charter in the United States and "arguably the longest-running instrument of municipal government in the Western Hemisphere. She replaced former mayor Gerald Jennings who was mayor for 20 years from to While Albany has its own city government, it has also been the seat of Albany County since the county's formation in and the capital of New York since As such, the city is home to all branches of the county and state governments, as well as its own.
In the New York Assembly , the western portion of the city is in the th district, represented by Patricia Fahy D and the eastern portion is in the th district, represented by John T.
Albany's politics have been dominated by the Democratic Party since the s; Daniel Uncle Dan O'Connell established a political machine in the city with the election of William Stormont Hackett as mayor in Barnes' success is attributed to the fact that he owned two newspapers in Albany and that he was the grandson of Thurlow Weed , the influential newspaper publisher and political boss.
In many instances, votes were outright bought;  it was not uncommon for the machine to "buy poor folks' loyalty and trust with a fiver ". Gerald Jennings' upset in the Democratic mayoral primary over Harold Joyce, who had the Democratic Party's formal endorsement and had only recently been its county chairman, is often cited as the end of the O'Connell era in Albany.
Every elected city position has been held by a Democrat since Like most cities of comparable age and size, Albany has well-established Orthodox Christian , Roman Catholic , Protestant , and Jewish communities. A significant Jewish presence has existed in Albany since as early as ,  and today includes many synagogues ; there are two Conservative , a Chabad-Lubavitch , an Orthodox , and two Reform synagogues.
Exact numbers on religious denominations in Albany are not readily available. Demographic statistics in the United States depend heavily on the United States Census Bureau , which cannot ask about religious affiliation as part of its decennial census. One report from offers religious affiliations for Albany County. According to the data, Residents who practice Judaism make up 4.
The Times Union is Albany's primary daily newspaper and the only one based close to the city; its headquarters moved from within city limits to suburban Colonie in the s after a dispute with Mayor Corning over land needed for expansion. The Albany-Schenectady-Troy media market is the 63rd-largest in the country in terms of radio  and the 57th-largest in terms of television audiences.
The pioneering influence of General Electric in Schenectady directly contributed to the area emerging as the birthplace of station-based television with WRGB ; the station was also the first affiliate of NBC. Charter Communications hosts Spectrum News Capital Region , the area's only local hour news channel. Interstate links Albany to Watervliet, Colonie, and Menands; by way of Route 7 , I connects to the Northway, offering Saratoga County residents a rather direct, albeit congested route to and from Albany during rush hour.
With the closure of Union Station on Broadway, area passenger-rail service is provided by Amtrak at the Albany-Rensselaer station across the river in Rensselaer. Albany's nearest airport is Albany International Airport in Colonie.
Major airline service to Albany includes service by: As in many American cities, after the advent of the automobile, light rail services declined in Albany and were replaced by bus and taxi services. Brown Coach provides commuter service. Albany, long an important Hudson River port, today serves domestic and international ships and barges through the Port of Albany-Rensselaer , on both sides of the river. The port has the largest mobile harbor crane in the state of New York.
Albany has no major league professional sports teams , and minor league teams have low support. The most recent attempt at a minor league team in Albany were the Albany Devils ice hockey team, which moved to the city for the — season. They moved to Binghamton, New York in The Albany Firebirds played in the Arena Football League from to , while a second team, originally known as the Albany Conquest and later the Firebirds, played in af2 , the AFL's developmental league, from to Prior to the ValleyCats' arrival, the Albany-Colonie Diamond Dogs — played at Heritage Park in Colonie; due to financial pressures, and facing impending competition from the ValleyCats, the franchise folded in Both folded due to financial problems.
With the large number of local colleges and universities around Albany, college sports are popular. Albany has five official sister city agreements and two other twin-city relationships. With the help of the Catholic university in Albany, the Catholic University of Nijmegen Radboud University Nijmegen rebuilt its partly destroyed library, with over 50, books being donated to the Dutch university.
To show its gratitude for post-war assistance, the city sent Albany 50, tulip bulbs in ; this act led to the establishment of the annual Tulip Festival. The additional twin-city relationships are with: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Redirected from Albany, NY. History of Albany, New York. Neighborhoods of Albany, New York. Architecture of Albany, New York. List of tallest buildings in Albany, New York. Culture in New York's Capital District.
Economy of New York's Capital District. Media in New York's Capital District. Streets of Albany, New York. Sports in New York's Capital District. However, the latter forfeited its charter during Leisler's Rebellion , making Albany's the oldest effective charter in the country.
His title of Duke of York is the source of the name of the province of New York. Patroon of the Manor of Rensselaerswyck Stephen Van Rensselaer II followed the same directional system north of Clinton Avenue on his lands; however, the two systems were not related otherwise, which is why cross streets north and south of Clinton Avenue do not align.
The stockade surrounding the city was taken down shortly before the Revolutionary War, allowing for expansion. De Witt, city surveyor at the time, continued the grid pattern to the west and renamed on his map any streets that had honored British Royalty. Hawk Street is the only road that retained its original name; the rest were renamed after birds and mammals.
While downtown went to seed and plans for large-scale construction and improvements came to a virtual standstill in Albany without federal money, pockets of the city's historic housing stock escaped the wrecking ball. He was able to do it when governor Rockefeller brought state money in to purchase the building. Note that these percentages were calculated using the total population value of 97, as the divisor , not the 94, people claiming one race.
The school moved out of the city to Colonie in and has remained there since. Three Cheers for the Orange, White, and Blue. November 30, [Retrieved August 3, ]: United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 4, Retrieved June 9, Archived from the original on September 13, January 1, [Retrieved June 18, ]: Metropolitan Areas by Population, June 3, [Retrieved May 23, ]: Cast iron and hollowed-out tree trunks ; [Retrieved October 26, ].
Retrieved July 12, All America City Awards: Retrieved 27 August
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Again, Board Says Close. Department of the Interior. In the New York Assembly , the western portion of the city is in the th district, represented by Patricia Fahy D and the eastern portion is in the th district, represented by John T.
The pioneering influence of General Electric in Schenectady directly contributed to the area emerging as the birthplace of station-based television with WRGB slbany the albamy was also the first affiliate of NBC. Dating albany Albany Institute of History and Arton Dating albany Avenue near the Center Square Neighborhood and State Capitol, is "dedicated to collecting, preserving, interpreting and promoting interest in the history, art, culture of Albany and the Upper Hudson Valley region. Neighborhoods of Albany, New York. She replaced former mayor Gerald Jennings who was mayor dating albany 20 years speed dating warren mi to November 10, [Retrieved July 19, ]: Archived from the original on March 23,
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