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A marble made of clay. A marble game in which the marbles are placed in a line rather than in a group. Collectors invented and use the term Micas to identify these marbles.

A call made allowing the players grab as many marbles from the ring as possible. The figure is usually an animal, like a rabbit, dog, cat, cow, horse, bear, etc. A call to give oneself an advantage baby-up and deny it to opponents; a term used in Wisconsin. A marble-worker of note. Distinguished from other cane marbles by their core; the core of these marbles resembles a cage of thin stripes twisting slightly and running from pole to pole. Kettering-Oakwood Times has ceased publication.

Leighton was appointed receiver by the bank; Leighton turned the company around and made it profitable, much to the delight of the bankers; produced fine glass sands for Ohio and Midwest glass factories. A stone used to make marbles; highly desirable by players. A toy marble company located in Ravenna, Ohio, 12 miles east of Akron; made clay marbles; the last ceramic toy marble factory in the United States.

The company stopped manufacturing clay marbles in at the beginning of World War Two, turning its production capacities over to the war effort. You can easily identify the clay marbles made by this company because they are almost perfectly spherical. Most clay marbles made by other marble companies used S. In the late s John E. Soon thereafter the marbleworks burnt to the ground; their near location to the railroad tracks likely allow a spark from a passing freight train to ignite the roof.

Fully insured the partners moved their marbleworks to a new location in Ravenna, Ohio. The area marked off to play marbles in. A favorite marble used as a taw or shooter.

A marble made of alabaster. Origin uncertain; perhaps a diminutive of alabaster ; qualified etymology accepted by Webster's New International Dictionary 2nd ed. Standard marble term Marys all of West Virginia. Alley sold his St. Marys marbleworks to the partnership of Sellers Peltier and Berry Pink who changed the name of the company to Marble King.

A highly valued marble made of red painted alabaster or clay, or painted with red streaks or circles. Also see Alabaster or Marble Marbles. Jaspers are a variegated white-bodied stoneware with different colored lines of blue, green and rarely pink, running through the body of the marble.

The offensive marble, or the marble used as a shooter. A marble made of white alabaster or of clay painted white. Believed founded by Samuel C. Dyke older brother of Samuel in Akron Ohio at some time after Sam invented his method of mass-producing marbles in and before the incorporation of The S. A named manufactured by The M.

It is a hand-gathered, machine-made marble using the rare oxblood color of glass. Also called an immie or imitation agate in the historic record; cornelian is an antiquated spelling of the more modern usage carnelian. Collectors call this marble a brick, because it has the color of a paving brick.

A term seen in the historic record, found mainly in retail and wholesale catalogs, like Sears and Butler Bros around , to describe a ceramic marble with a variety of different colored shellac or glazed designs. They were later also manufactured by other Akron, O. A company formed in by parties from Navarre and Coshocton, O.

They made almost all classes, types and styles of ceramic marbles, also hand-made glass marbles from cane and hand-made, hand-gathered glass marbles. The company burnt to the ground in This Salem, Massachusetts company manufactured the game Marble Muggins , a popular turn of the 20 th century toy that used marbles.

The object was to shoot marbles at a colorful cardboard prop featuring a character with a great big smile, mugging as if challenging the player. A trademarked name given to a specific type of hand-made glass marble, the first glass marbles made in the United States; manufactured using a patented technique invented by J. Leighton in Akron, Ohio Also see Onyx.

A glassmakers term for a specialized oven and process used to slowly cool a hand-made glass marble to room temperature over a 24 hour period. This gives the glass marble strength and keeps it from easily cracking, or breaking. As used in the games of marbles, where each game starts with players placing into a ring an equal number of marbles, or marbles judge to be of equal value five commies might equal a crockie , 5 crockies might equal a glassie , etc.

A choice marble; term used in Connecticut. Evidently a phonetic variant of Alley. They place their taw in the hollow between the middle and the forefinger of the left hand, the hand being flat on the ground with the fingers closed. The forefinger of the right hand is then pressed firmly on the end joint of the middle finger, which pushes the middle finger suddenly aside, and the forefinger slips out with sufficient force to propel the shooter very accurately.

A variant of this shooting style used in South America and elsewhere; the hands held perpendicular to the ground; the shooter held, as if teed up, between the middle and forefinger of the left hand, with the other fingers of the hand otherwise closed. The middle finger of the right hand is held back in a trigger position by the thumb. The two hands come together so the marble is now balanced on the right and left sides by both forefingers and resting lightly on the middle finger of the left hand.

At the proper moment the shooter is flicked towards its target by the middle finger of the right hand. A 25 mm one inch shooter marble, or boulder , is most commonly used for both these shooting styles. A marble game; also the apparatus used in the game; same as Roley Boley and Bridgeboard ; also the carved out tunnel-like holes, of various sizes, in the apparatus called a marble rake , or simply rake.

The player must plant their right thumb on the ground; a 25 mm one inch marble is then placed in front of the middle finger of the right hand; the thumb and forefinger of the left hand draw the marble back, bending the middle finger to its maximum point.

At the correct moment the player releases the marble and is projected forward towards its target. A term used in the glass marble industry for a marble-forming machine; consisting of twin, helically grooved cylinders, which turns a gob, or charge of molten glass into a sphere. Invented by Martin Frederick Christensen of Akron, Ohio, around ; the design of which was stolen and patented in by his trusted bookkeeper Horace C.

Hill, to form The Akro Agate Company. Hill was later arrested, tried, convicted and sentenced to prison for the theft. In , the federal courts recognized that M. Christensen invented the marble auger in the case of The Peltier Glass Company v. A beautiful type of glass that has tiny sparkling grains in its body; it is the result of manipulating the furnace environment while melting a batch of formula into glass.

Most often see in shades of greens, but also in black, rarely reds. Babying is not of much use in large rings, but is often resorted to in small ringers and in such games as Follerings.

There is no rule that can make you stop babying, so the other players always try ridicule. This never succeeded to any extent, though it eases the minds of the unsuccessful player when another boy is skinning the ring by babying. Beard, The Outdoor Handy Book. Also see Laying-in and Sneaking ; variously called, Baby-fingers, Baby-up,. A call to give oneself an advantage baby-up and deny it to opponents; a term used in Wisconsin.

To strike a defensive marble with a taw that is rebounding, as heard in Kentucky. Act of striking a defensive marble with a taw that is rebounding. Back-killin' s the cry that gives legality to the accidental strike. Vence ye back-killin' s The cry that revokes the accidental strike, if said before the call that legalizes the strike. Variation of back-kill, Eggleston in Century Magazine.

A marble game played between railroad tracks; the marbles are thrown against a rail so as to bounce back whence the name and hit other marbles lying on the ground; a term used in Wisconsin.

Also see cross tracks. An advanced player can control the amount of backspin deemed necessary by moving the shooter up higher on their thumb knuckle. Also see Cunny Thumb or Scrumpy Knuckles , shots that give topspin , a less desired spin, rarely used by advanced players.

In certain situations a player must return to the point from which he rolled or shot his marble, a term used around A marbles game and game board; the fore-runner of the pin-ball game; popular around the turn of the 20 th century;. The marbles which a player puts in the game as his ante. A ball bearing used as a marble; the term used in London, England. Describes a number of white and black marbles popularly used for voting at board meeting, social clubs and professional society meetings.

A white marble signifies yea, a positive or affirmative vote. A black marbles signified nay, a negative vote. A box with a hole in the top, called a ballot box, was passed to each member who would vote on an issue by placing either a white or black marble into the box.

These marbles were commonly made of hand-made glass, but also of ceramic; later in the s and forward, machine-made glass marbles were used. These marbles have two cut-off marks, one at each pole, easily identifying that it was made from a glass cane; have an opaque base, usually of white glass but sometimes of a pastel color. Some of these marbles are out-of-round. These marbles have two cut-off marks, one at each pole, easily identifying that it was made from a glass cane; its base glass is translucent, or partly transparent, comes in a wide variety of colors and has thin stripes of colored glass upon its surface, running from pole to pole.

These marbles have two cut-off marks, one at each pole, easily identifying that it was made from a glass cane; its base glass is transparent, comes in a wide variety of colors and has thin stripes of colored glass upon its surface, running from pole to pole.

The player who values the marbles in a game of chance. In the early years of the hobby many collectors were under mistaken impression these were manufactured in Rockingham potteries in Bennington, Vermont because they used the same colors on their products; thus the name. These marbles were made in huge numbers in both Germany and in Akron, Ohio. Identifiable features on these marbles are small round imperfections in the glaze, called eyes.

In the manufacture of glazed stoneware marbles, when they come out of the kiln they are stuck together by the glaze and must be broken apart. This leaves a diagnostic mark in she shape of a small circle of discolored glaze at the points where the marbles touched each other. These were commonly called crockies , or crockery marbles in the historic record.

A glass marbleworks located Barberton, Ohio, near Akron; operating from to ; owned and operated by J. A toy marble made from barium; hence the name. A cheap marble; a term used in Wisconsin. He was a prolific author and illustrator. Illustrated a number of books for Mark Twain including Yankee at the Court of King Arthur , Tom Sawyer Abroad and American Claimant ; wrote a large number of books and articles for boys on outdoors activities, woodcrafts and sports, including The Outdoor Handy Book originally published in and in continuous publication to the present.

This is the definitive work on playing marbles in the United States and still among the best in publication today. Beard spent his formative years in Painesville, Ohio, near Akron and the rest of his childhood in Cincinnati, Ohio where he played a lot of marbles. The marbles in the center were called ducks. The taw marble with which we shot described a slight curve through the air, skillfully and forcefully striking the duck.

New York, , p To pick up the marbles and run, not with intention of keeping them. Perhaps from "to pick up everything and run when the school bell rings. Known as the " Marble King ", Mr.

Berry Pink was involved with selling and marketing toy marbles from the 's to s. He started a marble company St. The company specializes in manufacturing marbles for the board game industry and the only manufacturer in the USA still making Cats-Eye marbles. To hit or strike a marble with the taw, a term used in New England. A large marble ring, usually over ten feet in diameter. A marble game using a ring from 6 to 8 feet in diameter with 13 to 17 agates at the exact center in the form of a cross.

Players lag for first play, knuckle down tight and shoot from outside the ring attempting to knock agates out, thus winning them. Upon knocking out an agate, the shooter remains in the ring or pays to get out. If a shooter is knocked out of the ring, its owner is out of the game; the game as played in Massachusetts and Wisconsin.

Also, Big Ring is one of the games that evolved into the game called Ringer. A player knocking a target marble out of the ring, and the shooter remains in the ring gets to shoots again.

However, if the player fails to knock a target marble out of the ring and their shooter comes to rest inside the ring, it becomes poison , must stay in the ring and it becomes a target for the opponents. If a poison shooter is knocked from the ring, its owner in some versions of the game is killed or out of the game.

Of particular interest in the above description is the unique rule or opportunity for the owner of the poison shooter to pay to get out. In certain cases, it might be to the advantage of the player with a poison shooter, depending upon the skill level of the opposition, to give each of other players a marble for the right to remove his poison shooter from the ring, instead of risking his shooter being knocked out of the ring and the player being killed and tossed out of the game.

Tern as used in Orange County, CA. Shooters usually made of obsidian or black agate. Heavy, extremely rare and prized. A term for a specific type of hand-made glass marble made in Germany, called Snowflake marbles in the US historic record, Glimmers in the German historic record and Micas by collectors; a transparent marble containing such large amount of mica flakes it almost prevents one from seeing through the transparent glass; the mica sometimes swirls inside the clear glass in a twisting pattern giving the impressions of heavy snowfall and high winds, thus the name blizzard.

To toss a Tom-troller a marble larger than an alley as in the game of Bob-on-the-line. A large marble; also called a Tom-troller in some localities. One who bobs, see bobbing. That is the bobber must strike the marble aimed at before it reaches the ground. A glass toy marble factory located in Cairo, West Virginia. Founded in upon the purchase of The Heaton Agate Company ; manufactured West Virginia swirls, cats eyes, game board marbles and industrial marbles.

Founder of the C. Bogard Company of Cairo, West Virginia in In removed to Reno, Ohio in to form Jabo, Inc. A type of shot made by a player; shooting into the air, above the ring surface so the shooter marble falls down, hopefully, on the targeted marble. This occurs when a player drops a marble, picks it up instantly, and shoots from where it fell.

Also; lag at the bools. A New York City distributor of toy marbles; operated around the turn of the 20 th century; represented The M. A large playing marble, of either stone or iron. A game of marbles in which two boys alternately shoot at their taws, usually called bounces in this game. Probably from buss, to kiss, i. Also known as boss and span: See Games , Boss Out.

A marble game played with a large ring; a player keeps the marbles shot out of the ring; a term used in Oklahoma. A type of Boston in which the marbles are plumped ; the term used in Washington.

A large toy marble being upwards of one inch 25 mm in diameter, to large to hold and shoot in the traditional American style, but used in many different types of games that require no shooting skills, instead being tossed, bowled or pitched towards a target; as used in the games of Droppies and Chasies; see Games.

In countries where children hold and shoot their marbles in the cunny-thumb , sling or flicking styles, 25 mm one inch marbles are called shooters. In the United States and Western Europe, a marble this size is too large to hold and shoot in the traditional style and marbles this large are not called or used as shooters.

The bags of marbles sold today at all major retail outlets in the United States contain a 25 mm marble, are foreign-made, and cannot be used as shooters in most traditional games played in the United States. The glass monstrosity was unknown then. Partridge derives the word from bonce, schoolboy's slang for head; possibly related to bounce.

A game played with large marbles, ; but it existed earlier, as noted by John P. Stilwell, who writes of the game as played in the 's. His adversary then shoots at it, and so on in rotation until one or other wins it, by striking the marble the number of times agreed upon.

A marble game where players drop a boulder from eye level onto a group of marbles in the center of a small ring; the object, trying to knock the most marbles out the ring Also called Eye Drops, Bounce About, Droppsies, Droppers and Droppings.

See Games, Bounce Eye. A marble game, see Bounce Eye. Originally a Scottish game played with bowls , or large marbles. A popular British game played in the 19 th century. This game is activity played by Canadian clubs, for more information visit, http: Antique Bowls are highly collectable.

To roll a marble towards a target, as used in lagging. A special marble, usually large, used to roll towards the beginning line in order to determine the order of shooting. A players term referring to one who plays the game of Bowls. A bowler made of crystal or similar material; a term used in Wisconsin. Also called an immie or imitation agate in the historic record. An American Cornelian Marble that has a certain amount of green glass within the body of the marble.

This green is not a separate color added during the manufacturing process to make the marble; it is the result of the reduction process denying oxygen to the furnace not being totally completed while melting the glass batch. If the oxygen reduction process was not used, the formula for the batch would produce a green glass, not a reddish color.

This marble is more desirable to collectors that a regular cornelian. It is a combination of cornelian and clear glass. These marbles are extremely rare, extremely desirable and among the most expensive machine-made marbles in existence.

An American Cornelian Marble ; due to a partially incomplete reduction process see Green Brick what appears to be black glass is actually a very dark green glass. This marble is more desirable to collectors that a regular cornelian; but not as rare or expensive as a Green Brick. In a patent was filed called a Toy Marble Rake, which was used in the game of Bridgeboard. Some times called a marble board. Variations called, Arches, Archboard. Headquartered at The Greyhound Pub , in Tinsley Green, Sussex, England; ably and beneficently governed by Sam Fox for many years, this organization is responsible for keeping the ancient tradition of Marbles Day alive in the United Kingdom.

The games played under their authority involve mostly adults through various clubs and pubs. These offices are also put to good use encouraging marbles; also though contacts and travel with others internationally. When the City of Akron purchased the local water company, Brown offered to provide ceramic marbles to use in the proposed filtration unit.

This experiment was a success so Brown offered his marbles to other water companies. Producing marbles for industrial purposes was at that time a novel idea and proved to be the future of marble-making. Dyke yesterday was the first "brownies" or "commas" so far as known ever turned out for the trade in this country. Small pockets of air, usually spherical in shape, captured inside glass marbles, usually a flaw from a manufacturing point of view; often seen in figure marbles ; in some cases gives a certain fascination to a clear glass marble.

To bounce a marble against a wall in an attempt to hit other marbles placed in a line below it; term used in Wisconsin. To shoot a marble from the starting line; term used in A large ring in the shape of a circle for playing marbles also called a bull ring. These marbles have two distinguishing and identifiable features; a slight ridge around the equator of the marble and a cut-mark showing where the excess glass was removed.

CASSIDY This author is suggesting a variation upon the poison shooter rule in the game of keeps , which states, if an opponents shooter is knocked from the ring, all the opponents winnings are turned over to the player knocking out the shooter. But in this version of the game, the player with an offending poison shooter being knocked out gets off easy with only losing one marble.

And, in some of the more ruthless games of keeps , a player could lose his prized shooter, if it became poison and was knocked from the ring. Also, one in a series of similar games that evolved in into the game called Ringer , see Games , Bull Ring. Also a term used to describe the circle drawn on the ground in which the game is played.

The name of a marble, usually a natural agate marble and sometimes also China marbles with painted rings. On Chinas, the hand-painted bullseye was a popular design feature and three types of bullseyes are common; A. This is a desirable design for a shooter marble as the player can easily see the direction of spin. Also the name used for natural agate marbles where the stripes appear as circles of different colors ending in a single dot in the center.

Bullseye agate were among the most popular of all shooters marbles during the later years of the 19 th and first 75 years of the 20 th centuries in the United States. These are not made today. A marble game; where players to roll or shoot their marbles into a series of holes in the ground; in some neighborhoods the loser was forced to let the others players take shots at his knuckles. A variation of the game Knucks. It is similar to the game of Bungums and to the modern game of marbles golf. To win at marbles in Missouri.

To disrupt a game by illegal interference. The "crockery" never had the splashes of white that distinguished the "burned agate" of New York, nor the green of the "moss agate" of the same place. Both of the latter were unknown to the Western boys twenty-five years ago. Probably from game of dice. The act of breathing or blowing on a marble in order to obtain certain advantages. Also — i nterjection. Call of - Fen burnings, or no burnings - the counter cry to burnings.

A call by a player which allows him to roll his marble again after his shooter has hit some object that deflects from the desired direction. Shouted by a player when his marbles hits a stone. It entitles him to shoot again. As used in play of marble games, to press into the earth a poison shooter , by stepping on it, giving it some protection from it being knocked out of the ring by their opponent. A glass marble with greenish internal markings; a term used in Wisconsin. A marble company located in Huntington Park, California Los Angles area ; they ground Mexican alabaster a stone into marbles by hand; operated from the mid to late s.

A measuring tool used to accurately measure a marble. Due to the relative slight imperfections in the spherical body, at these exacting levels of measurement, a collector might spend a long time taking numerous measurements until they can find the widest spot on the marble. Among collectors, size is one of the criteria relating to the financial value of a toy marble. A small manufacturer of glass marbles; founded by Oris Hanlon in Cairo, West Virginia; doing business from the mids to earlys.

Their marbles are commonly called West Virginia Swirls. This Akron headquartered company produced the first totally automated marbles among the most beautiful ever made in Cambridge in These marbles have two cut-off marks, one at each pole, easily identifying that it was made from a cane.

Sometimes these marbles are called swirls , or German swirls. They are subdivided by the type of core inside the marble, i. Once the decorated canes are produced by glass-masters, lower skilled workers can turn out numerous marbles from the canes at cottage industry production facilities. The Spanish word for marbles in Latin America; the word comes from the sounds marbles make when they hit each other.

Abbreviation of kinicker, kinick. A ceramic company located in Canton, Ohio near Akron and doing business during the first half of the 20 th century; manufactured a wide variety of products out of porcelain, including china marbles. The name of a red-colored, hand-gathered, onyx marble made by The Akro Agate Company in the s; original boxes containing these marbles have a label showing the name was used by the company and was not simply a name adopted by players, as was normally the case.

Abbreviation of Carnelian, the term used in Wisconsin. An old fashion abbreviation of carnelian, the term used in Wisconsin. A marble made of carnelian or similar material. A very popular shooter marble that all the boys wanted, but was so expensive few could afford them. Also, a named glass toy marble made by The Akro Agate Company.

See American Cornelian Marble. For a period between the s and late s these, multi-colored and sometimes beautiful marbles were among the most popular toy marbles made. They are still made today, though no longer multi-colored or beautiful, their uniformity of design and identical appearance make them undesirable for playing games For Keeps. They are the most common toy marbles sold in the world. Ceramic means made of clay; where the most popular of all toy marbles made and sold in the USA from the s to Hundreds of billions were made and sold during that time.

There are four main types of ceramic marbles; common clay, stoneware, vitrified stoneware and porcelain. First manufactured in the US in by Samuel C. Ceramic marbles are probably the oldest toys made.

Previous to these were imported to the United States in large numbers, primarily from Germany and were among the only marbles available in the USA. A named marble; red colored, hand-gathered onyx marble made by The Peltier Glass Company of Illinois in the s. A type of fibrous quartz, agate, used to make toy marbles in the Idar-Oberstien area of Germany beginning in, production peaked in the s Carskadden. However, they were still being made for a short time after WWII.

This is the stone that Bulls-Eye Agates were made from and until the post WWII area these were the most expensive and most coveted marbles by all boys. They were last sold in commercial quantities in the USA in the early s and then disappeared entirely from the American market.

The name of a marble; not used today and is more often seen in historic records of the United Kingdom than the United States. In the United States it is often seen in marble glossaries describing an unglazed clay marble, made of white clay, porcelain china, a light colored limestone or gypsum. School children called them chalkies because they looked and felted something like a stick of chalk that teachers used on black boards, but were not so soft.

A marble made of chalk, a term used in Ohio around A marbleworks located in Pennsboro, West Virginia, started in the marble business in the late s. They primarily manufactured cheap clearies, industrial marbles, puries and game marbles for Chinese Checkers. In later years they made more interesting multi-colored that are commonly referred to as West Virginia swirls by collectors.

A call that allows the player to change shooters. A rule used in American marble tournaments. The players may change shooters only at the beginning of a game.

The shooter used during the lag must be the same shooter used during the rest of the game. The penalty for changing shooters during the game will be forfeiture of all the marbles knocked out in that turn. A glassworkers term describing a specific amount of molten glass required to manufacture an item, a marble; also called a gather , or gob. Too large to be shot comfortably with the fingers; therefore tossed or dropped on objective marbles.

A marble game; Chase Ups being a regional variation of the name as used in Akron, Ohio; most often played while walking to and from school, it is a traveling game requiring little skill, as the player do not knuckle down or shoot the marble but toss, roll or bowl.

Sometimes the game is played for Keeps, where if your marble is hit you must give your opponent a marble. A cheap marble; the term used in Wisconsin. A term found in the historic record of the glass industry to describe the chemical knowledge required to batch or to mix a formula for colored glass to make marbles.

A marble made of china ware, often with rings painted in different colors. The term was also used in Massachusetts, Minnesota and Ohio around The name given to a marble made of porcelain, can be glazed, unglazed, painted or dyed.

A very popular type of marble first made in Europe; Germany exported large numbers to the United States; sometimes highly decorated, with strips and designs or pictures with detailed images.

The highly decorated varieties are rare and valuable. Matthew Lang of Akron, Ohio, invented an injection molding system to make them for his company, The East End Marble Company , Akron, Ohio, later he licensed his patent to other Akron area marbleworks in exchange for royalties.

Marbles made of porcelain are among the hardest and most difficult marbles to break or crack during play.

Un-polished China Marbles , meaning un-glazed , make some of the very best shooter marbles, because their slight texture gives players a firm grip, better control, aim and backspin. Also called allies, chalkies, and plaisters. These marbles are known for their fine designs; beautifully detailed and colorful painted brushwork; commonly decorated with sets of very fine, parallel lines in varied widths and colors; motifs include pinwheels, bulls-eyes and flowers; some of them quite elaborate and realistic.

Design are no longer fine and elaborate, but sometimes almost sloppy in application of the paints; motifs include helixes, spirials and some bulls-eye paterns. Even cheaper imitation chinas come into the market at this time; these are unglazed pipe-clays, kaolin, white-bodied earthenware. Common colors are green, orange and black. These later marbles were likely called chalkies and plasters by the child players of the game. Designs with helix and spirals are more common in this period.

Imitation chinas were introduced; these were made of cheaper white earthenware and are glazed. These are industrial ceramic balls produced by the billions for industry; chemical, oil and gas, etc.

A board game that uses marbles; introduced in the United States during the late s. The boards used in this game are usually highly decorated, most often with oriental designs and bright colors, many printed upon sheet metal, also can be made of wood or cardboard; 60 puries or solid opaque marbles are used as game pieces, 10 marbles of six different colors. A cat eye marble in which the design did not open out into four blades in the manufacturing process but remains a single wisp of color in the center of the marble.

A porcelain marble, possibly baby slag for a china marble. A marble, usually glass, in a chipped condition; the term used in Ohio around This company had no relation to The M. This company made and sold some of the most beautiful glass toy marbles ever made. His first job at 19, was working at the B. Goodrich Company where his sister Katherine also worked as a clerk. In he worked for the Union Rubber Company as a bookkeeper.

From until his passing in he worked for The M. In a warrant was issued against him for reckless driving and chasing a fire truck. Charles adopted a young girl from North Carolina, a daughter Jacqueline. He is buried at the family plot in Glendale Cemetery. Born in Copenhagen, Denmark and died in in Akron, Ohio. Christensen Company ; invented first practical steel ball bearing machine US Patent Numbers , and , in ; invented first machine to manufacture glass balls, or marbles, US Patent Number , in ; invented the modern marble auger helically grooved cylinder marble-forming machine, but the design was stolen by Horace C.

Christensen with the invention of the Hill machine in a court case called The Akro Agate Company vs. The Peltier Glass Company. Martin was married in to Jennie D. Levi, who gave him four children; Helen, Charles, Katherine and Jessie. Martin died of a stroke in and is buried in the family plot at Glendale Cemetery in Akron, Ohio. Christensen marbleworks is today the oldest still standing toy factory in the United States.

A shooter or taw that remains in the ring after being rolled towards the marbles in the ring; see fat [also called a poison shooter. A game of marbles for two players.

The area or ring for the game of chuck. The game of Chucks , its object, rules and strategies are unknown at this time. A variation of chuck used around A marble game played with a small ring; all marbles must be shot with two knuckles on the ground to prevent fudging. Another name for marbles. These marbles have two cut-off marks, one at each pole, easily identifying that it was made from a glass cane; have an opaque base, usually of white or black glass, with thin stripes of colored glass upon its surface, running from pole to pole and the stripes are evenly spaced.

A toy marbles made of ceramic materials, can be plain, dyed, painted or glazed. Also called clays, clayeys, clayies. See Commies , Ceramic Marbles. Claiming clearance gives a player the right to remove the debris. Also, a term used at American marble tournaments and in the Rules of Ringer. In tournament play, a contestant must ask the referee for clearance and if the referee agrees, the referee will remove the obstruction, not the contestant.

A name for a glass marble made of any single color transparent glass. These were first made as furniture casters in the United States by J. Leighton and beginning in as industrial marbles made by The M. They were not sold to toy stores until the s when a few children obtained samples, their playmates went wild for them and a keen marketing agent saw the potential of selling cheap industrial marbles as higher priced toy marbles. These are the most inexpensive of all marbles made.

The vast majority of glass marbles made since the s are clearies and intended for industrial purposes. Also see Purie, Crystal. Also clearies as a variation of c learance. A German word; name for toy marbles; the name comes from the sound marbles make when they hit each other. Perhaps a variant of kicks. The act of hitting a marble. To strike or hit a marble. A marble game played against a wall; the winner is the player who gets his marble closest to the object; game as played in Wisconsin.

They have flecks of colored on the surface and some say it looks like colored clouds floating across the surface of a marble. A ceramic marble; same as Jasper; term used in the historic record, found in US sales catalogs before A glass bottle used most often in Europe during the 19 th century and having an ingenious shape to its neck with a pocket that holds a glass marble often a bullet-mold marble.

The purpose of the marble is to act as a stopper to keep the beverage inside the glass bottle. These bottles were often smashed by young boys in order to free the glass marble so it could be used for games. Glass marbles, particularly the creamy ones. A widely used slang term for common clay marble s in the historic record. Also, sometimes used to describe non-descript glass marbles, industrial marbles, or the common modern cats-eyes that are uniform and identical in appearance making them undesirable as an ante in games played For Keeps.

Common clay marbles were also called commies, combos, commas, commy, commons, commoney, commony, clayeys, clayies, crockies, dabs, dabbers, dibs, doughies, doggie, kimmie, predab, stookie, tooser, etc. Clay marbles are likely the oldest toys made in world history and are found in the archeological record of almost all ancient civilizations.

These marbles were first manufactured in the United States by Samuel C. Dyke in ; US Patent Number, , All the commies made in the United States were made in area of Akron, Ohio from to Commies can be dyed, painted different colors or plain showing the color of the clay used. In , these were the very first mass-produced toys and their introduction radically changed the American childhood experience. They were the first toys that all children could afford to buy with their own money.

One penny could buy upwards of 30 commies. Trillions of commies were made and sold in the United States, probably more than all other types of toy marbles combined up to the present time.

The object, rules and strategies of this game are unknown. Also, a marble game described in the book Play Ground, See game, detailing the object, rules and strategies of play. A marble of baked clay; term used in Kentucky. A regional dialect and variation from raccoon track. Same as boss out and boss and span.

Descriptions, rules, etc, for games with these same names can be viewed on our Games pages. A name given by collectors to a type of machine made, glass marble made by The Akro Agate Company in the s where the colors look like they form a corkscrew around the marble. A cornelian; term used in Wisconsin. An reddish, opaque, glass marble manufactured by The M.

Cornelian is an antiquated spelling of the word carnelian. Glass marbles having a surface, which was cracked by putting a heated marble into cold water, then reheated.

These are similar to frying marbles on a kitchen stove then crackled by immersion in water, see Fried Marbles. A term generally applied to all glass marbles. A clay marble; same as Croaker. A marble; same as Crockery. A cheap marble; term used in Wisconsin.

A players name for a glazed stoneware marble, most often Brown or brown in color but often with many other colors, as in American Majolica Marbles.

Also, seen rarely in the historic record as a name for a common clay marble usually made of earthenware. A call granting permission to the shooter to move around a ring to a more favorable position nearer the target. The counter call is no crooks, or vence ye crooks.

Heard in Kentucky, crooks and no crooks. Same as Crockies; term used in Nebraska. A marble game played between railroad tracks, in which the marbles are shot at directly; term used in Wisconsin. The name of a marble, as in a crysta l ball marble ; sometimes called a clearie , or purie by those who grew up playing the games of marbles in the post WWII baby-boomer generation; a clear glass marble, without any color.

Once made with lead to increase its clarity. However, lead is poisonous, or toxic and government regulations now forbid companies from using lead when making glass in the United States. Also called flint glass in the historic record when clear glass is made without lead; among the least inexpensive glass marbles made; mostly used for industrial purposes; also used sold as decorator marbles for use in the floral industry.

A call to preclude the hitting of one's marbles by an opponent, Georgetown, D. Said of holding the taw or shooter before the thumb which is turned inward under the fingers of the closed fist; the way a girl shoots marbles Said of holding the taw on the middle of the forefinger instead of placing it on the tip of the forefinger, as experts shoot marbles.

Shooting in this style causes the marble to spin with top spin, not a desirable action in most traditional American marble games. Cupping is not allowed during the Lag. From the New Game of Ringer; Cupping is when a player protect his or her shooter from being moved about by the wind. Placing hands or kneepads around the marble can protect the shooter. The shooter may not touch the hands or kneepads or the turn is over. To verify that the marble has not touched, an opening must be maintained at all times for the referee to view the shooter.

Target marbles may never be cupped. Penalty for cupping a target marble is that the target marble must returned to the center of the ring and the forfeiture of the continuation of the shooting players turn. The shooter may never be cupped during the lag. Mole skin makes the softest and prettiest of knuckle dabsters, but any piece of fur will answer. Some boys wear them fastened to their hand, but the most expert players seem to prefer to throw them down at the spot from which they are about to shoot and then knuckle down on the soft fur or woolen cloth.

The sight of children playing marbles on a warm winter day was a sign that spring was just around the corner. At this time of year the ground was often frozen, or cold and damp, so a knuckle dabster came in handy. This is primarily a late 19 th century term. It seems to disappear from the historic record by the mib s. A marble used as a stake in a game. Probably from date with common phonetic substitution of k for t.

Said of marbles places within the ring; term used in Kentucky. To date-up, to date one up, etc. Dated up, dated one up. A small and short lived glass marbleworks founded by Wilson Davis in Pennsboro, West Virginia in It appears to have done business for about a year.

Its marbles are commonly called West Virginia Swirls. A common term in various sports: Of a marble or taw that through some specific occurrence is deprived of play during a particular game. Of a marble or taw when it fails to clear the ring in which targets are placed In one form of play, at least, the taw is "dead" only when it rolls into a ring that has already been broken, that is, one in which marbles have already been knocked out by an opponent.

If the player who rolls into the ring has knocked out the marbles, he places them in the ring along with his taw, and his marble is called fat or chuck. The taw must remain in the ring until one of the marbles is knocked out, in which case the taw is "dead" and is out of play for that particular game, or until the taw is knocked out of the ring by a partner or an opponent.

As used in the play of marble games, when a target marble or duck is sitting close and is an easy shot. The term is specific to the National Marbles Tournament and does not carry the negative connotations used elsewhere for this shooting style, in fact the term enhances this otherwise largely ineffective style of shooting.

As used in the play of marble games, a turn is not over or finished until all the marbles in the ring have come to a complete stop, dead stop. Probably from military parlance; The line behind which player must not allow his shooter to touch the ground on the first shot; if the marble does touch the ground behind this line, the taw is out of play or is dead. A unit of measurement taken from one point on a circle or sphere in a straight line through its center to a point opposite the first. The size of a marble and the size of a marble ring are measured by its diameter, not the circumference.

A circumference measures the distance all the way around the outside of a circle or sphere and is a much higher number than its diameter. A shooter or taw; term used in Manitoba, from the English Dialectic Dictionary. Also , in the original Rules of Ringer , when a player knocks an opponents shooter, known as a poison shooter out of the ring, the player then chooses any one of the target marbles in the ring as their point.

A marble game played by sending the marbles into a hole in the snow or sidewalk; a term from Manitoba, Canada. To move the taw or shooter forward unfairly.

A marble game where a marble is balanced on top of a die and the object is to knock the marble off; the successful player earns the points equal to the number shown on the die. Diggers can destroy the potential value of a historic site for genuine archeology and have rendered some sites in the Akron area scientifically worthless. Also called a moon or bruise by collectors.

These marbles have two cut-off marks, one at each pole, easily identifying that it was made from a glass cane. Distinguished from other cane marbles by their core; the core of these marbles are separated into two or more bands or ribbons of one or more colors of glass, twisting slightly and running from pole to pole.

See quotation under dob in the ring. To roll a marble to a more advantageous position, either nearer or sometimes farther away from the target. A brown clay marble. A general term for marbles in Missouri; a diminutive of doogs: Perhaps from the game of billiards. A call that nullifies an opponent's hitting two marbles at once. A call exclaiming the accomplishment of knocking two marbles out of the ring on the same shot. Also see Dubs and Trips for three marbles knocked out.

A common clay marble ; term used in Washington State. A marble made of clay. A cheap clay marble, usually painted red, blue, green or brown; term used in Wisconsin. See common clay marble s. The object being to drop a marble into the helically grooved cylinder standing in the middle of a convex board having numbered holes representing points; the player with the highest total points wins. Marbles purchased by Milton Bradley , from The M. A call demanding that the shooter keep his knuckles on the ground when shooting.

A term used in the game of hundreds; the line from which the marbles are rolled. A marble of baked clay; a term used in Kentucky. To roll a marble, usually a large marble, at a target; in some games a player cannot dribble his marble; the call made being fen dribbing , or no dribbing and instead the player must take a Plumb Shot , sometimes called Bobbing. English Dialectic Dictionary, dribble, verb.

An expert marble player. See quote, "Marbles," , A marble game in which marbles are dropped from chin height though a small hole in the top of a box such as a cigar box. Also, when playing Drop-Box For Keeps , if the player misses the hole the marble is placed inside the box. The player who successfully drops their marble through the hole and into the box wins all the marbles in the box.

Players place a large number of target marbles in a small ring, stand with their toes to the ring and drop a boulder into the ring with the hopes of knocking out target marbles; see Bounce Eye. A rule used in American marbles tournament play. If his or her hand is not touching the ring or the shooter has not moved more than ten inches then the player may attempt another shot.

The shooting player may not pick up the shooter to stop it from moving ten inches. If he or she does so it will be considered to have moved more than ten inches and the shot will be forfeit. To win all the marbles; term used around A player has dubbed up when he claims that he has lost all his marbles although he still has marbles in his possession; from A call used by players to represent certain rules A call giving the player right to take all marbles.

Fen doubs; fend dubs, no dubs. A call revoking the rights that would be obtained by calling dubs. Also, dubbings in; dubs down for knuckles down. A call claiming possession if two marbles are shot out of the ring; a term used in Indiana.

As used in the play of marble games, another name for a target marble, often seen in the historic record referring to the marbles at stake in the game of keeps; from the term sitting ducks , or possibly from a game called duckstone. A marble game that uses three holes; played similarly to Pots that has four holes. A stake in the game of keeps. The same as dump up; term used in Missouri. To put a marble on a mound of dirt; the term used in Missouri. The mound itself, usually placed inside the pink.

This is a common game played in many places in the world. The object is to knock a target marble off a small clump of malleable clay or dirt from a good distance. The player who successfully knocks the marble off wins the marble.

A similar game using three marbles as a base to place a target marble on-top is called Pyramid , See Game. A general cry, giving claim to all the marbles and often used by a boy who grabs baits and runs. Always used as a preliminary to an argument over ownership.

Often these toy marbles are inferior in quality, as for one reason of another the manufacturer choose not to market them and likely threw them into the reject pile, to be discovered decades later by a digger.

Often these marbles are out of round, show signs of damage, etc. Sometimes rare variations of more common marbles are found, as they were discarded at the factory because for one reason or another they did not meet the specifications of the order; these are sometimes called Experimentals , or Hybrids.

Stone marbles burnt or glazed in various colors. This sounds like a description of a Jasper. The company made and sold one million marbles a day, filling five railroad box cars; President, Samuel C. Bowling Green - The Sentinel-Tribune. Buckeye Lake Tribune, The. Cadiz - Harrison News-Herald.

Cambridge - The Daily Jeffersonian. Carey - The Progressor Times. Carrollton Free Press Standard. Celina - The Daily Standard. Centerville - Bellbrook Times. Cleveland - Crain's Cleveland Business. Cleveland - Daily Legal News. Cleveland - The News-Herald. Cleveland - The Plain Dealer. Columbus - Business First. Columbus - The Daily Reporter. Columbus - The Other Paper.

Columbus - This Week Community Newspapers. Defiance - The Crescent-News. East Liverpool - The Review. Eaton - The Register Herald. Elyria - The Chronicle-Telegram. Fairborn Paper, The ceased publication? Findlay - The Courier. Fostoria Focus, The ceased publication? Fremont - The News-Messenger.

Greenville - The Daily Advocate. Hicksville - The News-Tribune. Hillsboro - The Times-Gazette. Kettering-Oakwood Times has ceased publication. Middletown Journal - News. Napoleon - Northwest Signal.

Oxford Press, The must select obituaries.

Imsges: dating akron ohio

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Buckeye Lake Tribune, The.

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A 25 mm one inch shooter marble, or boulder , is most commonly used for both these shooting styles. You will find a current list of newspapers in Ohio as well as information on where to find old Ohio newspapers and historical newspaper articles related to Ohio. Avon Lake Ledger, The.

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Hicksville - The News-Tribune. A cheap marble; term used in Wisconsin. In later years ouio dating akron ohio more interesting multi-colored that are commonly referred to as West Virginia swirls by collectors. The Spanish dating beaufort sc for marbles in Latin America; the word comes from the sounds marbles make when they hit dating akron ohio other. A marbles game; an datinng and relatively easy ring game, but with complicated set of directions to follow - see GamesFortifications Play Ground Also called, Babying-in, Babying, Roll-up.