Neurochemistry And Endocrinology In Bipolar Disorder
I came to work and met the third shift people coming out to go home. God knows how long was I scared of my thoughts, wondering were they normal, do they have sense. In our 30s we both had challenging circumstances in order we could be together. I sat with them. Neutral would be more than enough for a loving partner.
Extreme Bipolar Thoughts
Not in a bad way though. She is bipolar depressed with anxiety. Manic and depressive episodes tend to be characterized by ventral versus dorsal dysfunction in the ventral prefrontal cortex. Just One Thing - suggests a That thing where your tummy was nervous and your heart bounds out of your chest.. Find more about Bipolar disorder at Wikipedia's sister projects.
In a way this is the coolest, but deadliest disease you can have. I will donate my body to research we are most useful to science when we are alive!
I hope my 10 years of hell helps someone. I also want to tell everyone that I have polycystic ovarian disease, thyroid disease maybe caused by lithium, maybe not , and hypoglycemia which all has to do with the endocrine system. Anyone that wants to discuss this with me or know how I can be researched please e-mail at bdrum aol. There are doctors and researchers out their that already have the gift to be able to figure this out.
They just need us to get together and tell them exactly what is happening in our bodies. This disease is hard to live with, but the more I know about the disease the more interesting it is. I was at the age of 18 diagnosed with very low hormone levels and borderline diabetes.
I was also told that I woud likely not be able to have children. I never had menstation periods without the help of shots or birth control pills. It came to be that I could not take birth control pills. So I suffered for years with irregular periods or no periods. During this time my moods became so bad that I had to take medicine for depression and anger. Somehow during this time I was able to work using lots of sick leave. I knew when I got up in the morning whether I could go to work or not by my mood.
I used my leave as fast as it was earned vacation time and sick leave. Finally at the age of 45 when I was going through Menopause I was prescribed hormone medicines as the doctor stated my hormone levels were so low as to have none. Two year later the diabetes was so bad that I that I had to go on medication.
At 47 my anger moods affected my working life and my employer stated that I had to go to anger management classes. It was at this time that I was diagnosed with bi-polar mania. I had to take 6 weeks off work and many trips to the mental health doctors to get my medicine right.
At 59 I am still having to have my medications ajusted and see my doctors. My health is much better and I retired after 35 years of work. I wish I was diagnosed years earlier so I would not had to suffer so long. Does all of the above sound familiar.
I definitely believe that hormones and our endocrinology systems are to blame. I was diagnosed as "Manic-Depressive" in at the age of I've gone with that diagnosis. I was also being treated for an underactive thyroid and still am. It is good to know that there may be a "connection". As I have no children, I didn't have to be hospitalized. My husband cared for me at home until I got through the worst and could manage to be home alone. I have never had negative thoughts nor thoughts of harming myself or anyone else.
I have a family history of "Bi-Polar Disorder". My father told me that he had this and had been hospitalized twice. It seems to "rear it's head" most often when I am under stress. This was the case in I had senority and my Co-workers wanted my vacation pick and were unconvinced that I wasn't interested in the job transfer that they wanted.
Myseriously, I became violently ill while drinking water from a large 48 oz mug that I kept unattended on my desk. My supervisor was off that day.
I was out 3 days. I received a warning and I was not eligable to transfer for a year. At the time I didn't suspect that my water may have been spiked with something like visine My supervisor was off this day as well. I told my husband as best as I could that perhaps something had been put into my water.
In the 48 oz mug left unattended on my desk I was not believed and was diagnosed as "Manic" Due to family history. My physcian did call my co-workers "Those Sharks!!! My husband did not Perhaps I was "pushed over the edge".
Perhaps I was done a favor by an early diagnosis. Lithium and the anticonvulsants carbamazepine , lamotrigine , and valproic acid are used as mood stabilizers to treat bipolar disorder. These mood stabilizers are used for long-term mood stabilization but have not demonstrated the ability to quickly treat acute bipolar depression.
It is less effective in preventing relapse than lithium or valproate. Antipsychotic medications are effective for short-term treatment of bipolar manic episodes and appear to be superior to lithium and anticonvulsants for this purpose.
Antidepressants are not recommended for use alone in the treatment of bipolar disorder and have not been found to be of any benefit over that found with mood stabilizers. Short courses of benzodiazepines may be used in addition to other medications until mood stabilizing become effective. Contrary to widely held views, stimulants are relatively safe in bipolar disorder, and considerable evidence suggests they may even produce an antimanic effect. In cases of comorbid ADHD and bipolar, stimulants may help improve both conditions.
Several studies have suggested that omega 3 fatty acids may have beneficial effects on depressive symptoms, but not manic symptoms. However, only a few small studies of variable quality have been published and there is not enough evidence to draw any firm conclusions.
A lifelong condition with periods of partial or full recovery in between recurrent episodes of relapse,   bipolar disorder is considered to be a major health problem worldwide because of the increased rates of disability and premature mortality. Compliance with medications is one of the most significant factors that can decrease the rate and severity of relapse and have a positive impact on overall prognosis.
Of the various types of the disorder, rapid cycling four or more episodes in one year is associated with the worst prognosis due to higher rates of self-harm and suicide. Early recognition and intervention also improve prognosis as the symptoms in earlier stages are less severe and more responsive to treatment. For women, better social functioning prior to developing bipolar disorder and being a parent are protective towards suicide attempts. People with bipolar disorder often experience a decline in cognitive functioning during or possibly before their first episode, after which a certain degree of cognitive dysfunction typically becomes permanent, with more severe impairment during acute phases and moderate impairment during periods of remission.
As a result, two-thirds of people with BD continue to experience impaired psychosocial functioning in between episodes even when their mood symptoms are in full remission. Higher degrees of impairment correlate with the number of previous manic episodes and hospitalizations, and with the presence of psychotic symptoms. Despite the overly ambitious goals that are frequently part of manic episodes, symptoms of mania undermine the ability to achieve these goals and often interfere with an individual's social and occupational functioning.
One third of people with BD remain unemployed for one year following a hospitalization for mania. A naturalistic study from first admission for mania or mixed episode representing the hospitalized and therefore most severe cases found that 50 percent achieved syndromal recovery no longer meeting criteria for the diagnosis within six weeks and 98 percent within two years. Within two years, 72 percent achieved symptomatic recovery no symptoms at all and 43 percent achieved functional recovery regaining of prior occupational and residential status.
However, 40 percent went on to experience a new episode of mania or depression within 2 years of syndromal recovery, and 19 percent switched phases without recovery. Symptoms preceding a relapse prodromal , specially those related to mania, can be reliably identified by people with bipolar disorder.
Bipolar disorder can cause suicidal ideation that leads to suicidal attempts. Individuals whose bipolar disorder begins with a depressive or mixed affective episode seem to have a poorer prognosis and an increased risk of suicide. Bipolar disorder is the sixth leading cause of disability worldwide and has a lifetime prevalence of about 3 percent in the general population. Including sub-threshold diagnostic criteria, such as one or two symptoms over a short time-period, an additional 5. There are conceptual and methodological limitations and variations in the findings.
In addition, diagnoses and therefore estimates of prevalence vary depending on whether a categorical or spectrum approach is used. This consideration has led to concerns about the potential for both underdiagnosis and overdiagnosis.
The incidence of bipolar disorder is similar in men and women  as well as across different cultures and ethnic groups. Age-standardized prevalence per , ranged from However, severity may differ widely across the globe. Disability-adjusted life year rates, for example, appear to be higher in developing countries, where medical coverage may be poorer and medication less available.
Late adolescence and early adulthood are peak years for the onset of bipolar disorder. Variations in moods and energy levels have been observed as part of the human experience throughout history. The words " melancholia ", an old word for depression, and "mania" originated in Ancient Greece. Within the humoral theories, mania was viewed as arising from an excess of yellow bile, or a mixture of black and yellow bile.
The linguistic origins of mania, however, are not so clear-cut. Several etymologies were proposed by the Ancient Roman physician Caelius Aurelianus , including the Greek word ania , meaning "to produce great mental anguish", and manos , meaning "relaxed" or "loose", which would contextually approximate to an excessive relaxing of the mind or soul.
These concepts were developed by the German psychiatrist Emil Kraepelin — , who, using Kahlbaum 's concept of cyclothymia,  categorized and studied the natural course of untreated bipolar patients. He coined the term manic depressive psychosis , after noting that periods of acute illness, manic or depressive, were generally punctuated by relatively symptom-free intervals where the patient was able to function normally. The term "manic—depressive reaction " appeared in the first version of the DSM in , influenced by the legacy of Adolf Meyer.
There are widespread problems with social stigma , stereotypes, and prejudice against individuals with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder. Kay Redfield Jamison , a clinical psychologist and professor of psychiatry at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine , profiled her own bipolar disorder in her memoir An Unquiet Mind There's Madness in His Method , Chris Joseph describes his struggle between the creative dynamism which allowed the creation of his multimillion-pound advertising agency Hook Advertising , and the money-squandering dark despair of his bipolar illness.
Several dramatic works have portrayed characters with traits suggestive of the diagnosis that has been the subject of discussion by psychiatrists and film experts alike. A notable example is Mr. Jones , in which Mr. Jones Richard Gere swings from a manic episode into a depressive phase and back again, spending time in a psychiatric hospital and displaying many of the features of the syndrome.
I'm Bipolar , talk shows, and public radio shows, and the greater willingness of public figures to discuss their own bipolar disorder, have focused on psychiatric conditions, thereby, raising public awareness. On April 7, , the nighttime drama on the CW network, aired a special episode where the character Silver was diagnosed with bipolar disorder.
The storyline was developed as part of the BBC's Headroom campaign. In the s, Emil Kraepelin noted that manic episodes are rare before puberty. This issue diminished with an increased following of the DSM criteria in the last part of the twentieth century. While in adults the course of bipolar disorder is characterized by discrete episodes of depression and mania with no clear symptomatology between them, in children and adolescents very fast mood changes or even chronic symptoms are the norm.
The diagnosis of childhood bipolar disorder is controversial,  although it is not under discussion that the typical symptoms of bipolar disorder have negative consequences for minors suffering them. Treatment involves medication and psychotherapy.
Current research directions for bipolar disorder in children include optimizing treatments, increasing the knowledge of the genetic and neurobiological basis of the pediatric disorder and improving diagnostic criteria. There is a relative lack of knowledge about bipolar disorder in late life. There is evidence that it becomes less prevalent with age but nevertheless accounts for a similar percentage of psychiatric admissions; that older bipolar patients had first experienced symptoms at a later age; that later onset of mania is associated with more neurologic impairment; that substance abuse is considerably less common in older groups; and that there is probably a greater degree of variation in presentation and course, for instance individuals may develop new-onset mania associated with vascular changes, or become manic only after recurrent depressive episodes, or may have been diagnosed with bipolar disorder at an early age and still meet criteria.
There is also some weak and not conclusive evidence that mania is less intense and there is a higher prevalence of mixed episodes, although there may be a reduced response to treatment. Overall, there are likely more similarities than differences from younger adults.
Psychologists have long been fascinated by the link between creative historical figures and mental illness, specifically bipolar disorder. Many wrote that their struggle with mood disorders to be a driver of their art. Munch, the artist of "The Scream," wrote in his diary: They are indistinguishable from me, and their destruction would destroy my art.
Recent studies  show that people working in creative fields, such as dancers, photographers, and authors, show a significantly higher rate of bipolar disorder than the general population. Multiple studies have found that poets, and in particular female poets, show the highest rates of mental illness, specifically of bipolar disorder. Despite the link between creativity and bipolar disorder, researchers  have not yet determined whether the existence of a mood disorder makes an individual more likely to pursue a career in a creative field, or whether the stress of creative fields creates a higher incidence of mood disorder.
However, research  has shown that periods of intense creative activity are associated with episodes of hypomania, a characteristic symptom of bipolar disorder, which hints at a potential causality. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Manic depression disambiguation. For the medical journal, see Bipolar Disorders journal. Associated features of bipolar disorder. Biology of bipolar disorder. Treatment of bipolar disorder. History of bipolar disorder.
List of people with bipolar disorder , Category: Books about bipolar disorder , and Category: Films about bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder in children. A Historical Dictionary of Psychiatry. Oxford Textbook of Palliative Nursing. Oxford University Press, Incorporated. Archived from the original on September 8, BMJ Clinical research ed.
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5th ed. National Institutes of Health. Archived from the original on July 27, Retrieved August 13, The Journal of ECT. Gender differences in bipolar disorder". International Review of Psychiatry Abingdon, England. The American journal of managed care. Progress in Neurology and Psychiatry. Archived from the original on May 24, Archived from the original on March 4, Journal of Psychosomatic Research.
Archived from the original on April 29, Archived from the original on December 9, Retrieved December 6, J Pak Med Assoc. Comprehensive Guidelines and Guideline Watches. Assessment and treatment options". Colombia, a lower-income nation, also bucked the trend with a relatively high prevalence of 2.
The study included people with either bipolar I or II. Bipolar I has the most severe symptoms both depression and mania and bipolar II has less severe symptoms. Despite the regional variations, there were many similarities across the countries studied, including comparable symptoms and the fact that many people with bipolar disorder also had another mental health problem, usually an anxiety disorder most often panic attacks.
No matter where people lived, bipolar disorder caused serious problems and impairment. About three-quarters of people with depression and half of those with mania said their symptoms disrupted their work or social life and relationships. Some cultures have a huge reluctance to speak about psychiatric things. Awareness dovetails closely with stigma. With lower awareness in lower-income nations comes higher levels of stigma.
Imsges: bipolar type 2 dating
I said nope not this time your own your own. By Mental Help Net View. Be good to yourself and good luck.
I never got to this part with my ex because treatment was refused.
Theoretical assumptions and empirical foundations". Neutral would be more than enough for a loving partner. The other thing i wanted to mention is medication. Medicines that interact with these networks bipolxr well-researched and daating have the deeper dating to use them safely and with wonderful bipolar type 2 dating. My father would just throw a fit about nothing. We need to balance those fanciful thoughts of what could have been a very positive future with them, with what most certainly would have actually been a very negative, difficult, and painful future bipolar type 2 dating them. Those girls who were reading through my notebook.
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